1326 -Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi 1609 -Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe. 1659 -Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco. 1710 -Battle at Brihuega: English Gen Stanhope captured 1776 -George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ 1777 -Capt Cook leaves Society Islands 1792 -1st cremation in US, Henry Laurens 1794 -1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published 1813 -Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres 1846 -Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust," premieres 1849 -Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller," premieres in Naples 1852 -Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten," premieres in Breslau 1854 -Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin 1857 -1st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY" 1863 -2,500 reported killed at Church of La Compana, Santiago Chile 1863 -Abraham Lincoln announces plan for Reconstruction of South 1863 -Jesuit church in Chile catches fire, 2,500 die in panic 1863 -Pres Lincoln offers amnesty for confederate deserters 1864 -Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum") 1869 -20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome 1869 -Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada. 1874 -Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas 1875 -Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty," premieres in St Petersburg 1876 -Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years 1880 -5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South-Africa 1881 -Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850 1886 -American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president 1895 -Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out 1896 -Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG) 1899 -Natal: British fall/burst out belegerd Ladysmith 1902 -Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court 1907 -King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne. 1909 -Bird banding society found 1913 -Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF 1914 -British & German fleets battle at Falkland Island 1914 -Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox 1914 -Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step," premieres in NYC 1915 -Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E, premieres 1921 -Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty 1923 -German-US friendship treaty signed 1923 -Labour/Liberals win British parliament 1923 -Salary & price freeze in Germany 1926 -Disappearance of Agatha Christie 1930 -Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC 1930 -Cole Porter's musical "NYCers," premieres in NYC 1931 -Coaxial cable patented 1934 -Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock," premieres in Zurich 1935 -The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi. 1936 -Anastasio Somoza elected pres of Nicaragua 1936 -NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers 1938 -Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif 1938 -LP Beria follows Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police 1940 -1st NFL championship on national radio; Bears beat Redskins 73-0 1941 -Destruction Camp Chelmo opens 1941 -London: Dutch government declares Japan the war 1941 -Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo 1941 -SF 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM 1941 -US & Britain declare war on Japan, US enters WW II 1942 -8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB) 1943 -John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle," premieres in NYC 1946 -Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight 1947 -"Caribbean Carnival" opens at International Theater NYC for 11 perfs 1948 -"Marinka" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 168 performances 1948 -14th Heisman Trophy Award: Doak Walker, SMU (HB) 1948 -Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine 1949 -"Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 740 perfs 1949 -Chinese Nationalist govt moves from Chinese mainland to Formosa 1949 -Jule Styne's "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes," premieres in NYC 1951 -"Tree Grows in Brooklyn" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 267 perfs 1951 -AL alters its restrictions on night games, adopting NL's suspended game rule & lifting its ban on lights for Sunday games 1952 -1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy) 1952 -French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die 1952 -Isaak Ben-Zwi elected pres of Israel 1953 -19th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lattner, Notre Dame (HB) 1953 -Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the Atoms for Peace speech. 1954 -Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed," premieres in NYC 1954 -WPTZ TV channel 5 in Plattsburgh, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting 1955 -21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB) 1955 -Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award 1955 -Turkish govt of Menderes forms 1956 -16th Olympic games close at Melbourne, Australia 1956 -1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0 1956 -Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues," single goes #1 for 10 weeks 1959 -Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta 1959 -President Eisenhower watches Pakistan v Aust Test Cricket at Karachi 1960 -Expansion LA Angels sign a 4 year lease to use Dodger Stadium 1961 -Antwerp Belgium diocese forms 1961 -Larry Costello scores 32 consecutive pts without a miss (NBA rec) 1961 -S Africa v NZ, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow & Peter Pollock 1961 -Wilt Chamberlain scores the 2nd highest total in the NBA - 78 1962 -"I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes at Shubert NYC after 300 perfs 1962 -114-day newspaper strike begins in NYC 1962 -Failed coup in Brunei 1962 -Funeral for Queen Wilhelmina of Holland (New Kerk, Delft) 1963 -"Girl Who Came to Supper" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 112 perfs 1963 -Mickey Wright/Dave Ragan Jr wins LPGA Haig & Haig Scotch Mixed Golf 1963 -3 fuel tanks explodes when jetliner is struck by lightning crashing near Elkton, Maryland-Only case of lightning caused crash, 81 die 1963 -Pan Am Flight 214 crashes outsideElkton, Marylandwith a loss of 81 people. 1965 -Abe Burrows' "Cactus Flower," premieres in NYC 1965 -Nikolai Podgorny succeeds Mikojan as president of USSR
1965 -Pope Paul VI signs 2nd Vatican council 1966 -A terrible Yankee trade, Roger Maris for Card's Charlie Smith 1966 -US & USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space 1967 -Beatles "Magical Mystery Tour" album is released in UK 1967 -NHL California Seals change name to Oakland Seals 1969 -Greek DC-6B crashes in storm at Athens, 93 killed 1969 -Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in LA 1972 -United Airlines crashes at Chicago's Midway Airport killing 45 1973 -"Seesaw" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 296 performances 1973 -39th Heisman Trophy Award: John Cappelletti, Penn State (RB) 1974 -Greek monarchy rejected by referendum 1974 -Irish Republican Socialist Party forms 1974 -Sandra Post wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open 1974 -Soyuz 16 returns to Earth 1975 -"Raisin" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 847 performances 1976 -UN General Assembly re-elects Kurt Waldheim secretary-General 1976 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1977 -43rd Heisman Trophy Award: Earl Campbell, Texas (RB) 1977 -Portugal's premier Soares resigns 1978 -Commencement of the 1st day/night WSC cricket supertest at VFL Park 1980 -"Bravo" network premieres on cable TV 1981 -France performs nuclear test 1982 -"Herman Van Veen: All of Him" opens at Ambassador NYC for 6 perfs 1982 -Clark Gilles fails in 7th Islander penalty shot 1982 -Suriname army leader Bouterse murders 15 opponents 1982 -Demanding an end to nuclear weapons, Norman Mayer, held Wash Monument hostage. After 10 hrs, police kill him he had no explosives 1983 -9th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 6-lands at Edwards AFB 1983 -Richard Baker, Zen teacher, steps down from abbotship of SF Zen Center 1984 -73rd Australian Men Tennis: Mats Wilander beats K Curren (67 64 76 62) 1984 -Europe & 64 developing countries sign Lome III treaty 1984 -Ringo appears on Saturday Night Live 1985 -60th Australian Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats C Evert (62 46 62) 1985 -Ken O'Brien's 96 yard TD pass (NY Jet record) to Wesley Walker 1985 -Laurie Rinker/Larry Rinker wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 1986 -House Dems select majority leader Jim Wright as 48th speaker 1987 -Flyers' Ron Hextall becomes 1st goalie to actually score a goal 1987 -Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games 1987 -Occupied Palestinians start "intefadeh" (uprising) against Israel 1987 -President Reagan & Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles 1987 -The Alianza Lima air disaster. 1988 -Knick's set NBA record of 11 3-pointers & sink Bucks, 113-109 1989 -Great Britain performs nuclear test 1990 -Galileo Earth-1 Flyby 1990 -Indians agree to a lease new ballpark in Gateway (Jacobs Field) 1991 -"Homecoming" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 49 performances 1991 -"Nick & Nora" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 9 performances 1991 -Kris Tschetter/Billy Andrade wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 1991 -Russia, Belorussia & Ukraine form Commonwealth of Ind States 1991 -The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum. 1992 -Galileo's nearest approach to Jupiter (303 km) 1992 -NBC announces that "Cheers" will go off the air in May, 1993 1993 -30 killed at religious rebellion in Algeria 1993 -4th Billboard Music Awards 1993 -Dow-Jones hits record 3734.53 1993 -Storm hits West Europe, 11 killed in England 1994 -"What's Wrong With this Picture?" opens at Circle in Sq NYC for 12 per 1994 -Darryl Strawberry indicted on tax evasion charges 1994 -Fire in cinema in Karamay China, 310 killed 1996 -"God Said, Ha!" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 22 performances 1996 -Donna Andrews & Mike Hulbert win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 1997 -8th Billboard Music Awards: LeAnn Rimes & Spice Girls win 1998 -Tadjena massacre: 81 people are killed by armed groups in Algeria. 2002 -The Caribbean Community Heads of Government meet with the Government of Cuba and declare the date to be "CARICOM-Cuba Day" - To celebrate diplomatic ties between the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Cuba. 2004 -The Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations. 2005 -Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police. 2008 -Kirsty Williams elected as Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats. The first female leader of a political party in Wales.