644 -Kalief Omar I injured during assassination attempt 644 -Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina. 1394 -Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI 1468 -Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy's troops. 1493 -Christopher Columbus discovers island of Dominica 1527 -Ferdinand of Austria/Bohemia chosen as king of Hungary 1529 -London] 1st sitting of the Reformation Parliament 1534 -English parliament accepts Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII church leader 1620 -Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony 1629 -Prince Frederik Hendrik festival in The Hague 1640 -English Long Parliament forms 1655 -England & France sign miltary & economic treaties 1656 -Treaty of Vilnius Russia/Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS] 1676 -Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier 1679 -Great panic occurs in Europe over close approach of a comet 1716 -Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Czar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom 1752 -Georg Friedrich Handel undergoes (failed) eye operation 1760 -Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria 1762 -England & Spain signs Treaty of Paris 1762 -Spain acquires Louisiana 1783 -Washington orders Continental Army disbanded 1783 -John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows. 1791 -Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St Clair/killed 637 soldiers 1793 -French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined. 1794 -French troops conquer Maastricht 1796 -John Adams elected president 1812 -Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma 1813 -US troops under gen Coffee destroy indian village at TalladegaAla 1820 -CuencaEcuador declares independence 1838 -The Times of India, the world's largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. 1839 -1st opium war-2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks 1839 -Palace of GulhaneTurkey, freedom of religion proclaimed 1848 -Johan Thorbeckes revises Great Force 1856 -A British fleet bombs Canton. 1862 -Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana 1862 -Dr Richard Gatling patents machine gun (Indianapolis) 1863 -Battle of Grand Coteau, GA 1867 -Battle at Mentana: French/pontifical troops beat Garibaldi 1868 -1st black elected to Congress (John W Menard, Louisiana) 1868 -Ulysses Grant (R) wins presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D) 1869 -Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms 1871 -Henry M Stanley in Tanganyka say "Dr Livingstone, I presume?" 1874 -James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti 1883 -Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed) 1883 -US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans 1883 -American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture. 1885 -Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses 1886 -Friars of Tilburg arrives on Curacao 1888 -Amsterdam: 1st concerto of Concert worker, under Willem Kes 1888 -In London, Jack the Ripper murdered his last victim 1889 -Chaplain Ariëns founds 1st roman catholic workers group 1896 -J H Hunter patents portable weighing scales 1896 -Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female senator 1896 -William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president 1899 -James J Jeffries beats Tom Sharkey in 25 for heavyweight boxing title 1900 -1st US automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC) 1903 -Colombia grants Panama independence 1905 -Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners. 1908 -William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th pres over William JenningsBryan 1911 -Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T. 1913 -The USA introduces an income tax. 1916 -Treaty establishes British suzerainity over Qatar 1917 -1st class mail now costs 3 cents per ounce 1918 -Austro-Hungarian Empire disolves 1918 -Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I 1920 -"Emperor Jones" opens at Provincetown Theater 1922 -Greek parliament bans prince Andreas for life 1926 -15th party congress CPSU ends/5 year plan begins 1926 -Ty Cobb resigns as Detroit Tigers manager 1927 -22.3 cm rainfall at Somerset, Vermont (state record) 1927 -Rodgers & Hart's musical "Connecticut Yankee," premieres in NYC 1927 -Tropical storm flooding kills 84 in Winooski River Valley (Vt) 1928 -Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet 1930 -1st vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens 1930 -Bank of Italy becomes Bank of America 1930 -Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24. 1931 -1st commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured 1934 -Although Lou Gehrig wins Triple Crown, Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP 1934 -Dizzy Dean chosen as NL MVP 1935 -George II returns to Greece & regains monarchy 1935 -Kitei Son runs world record marathon (2:26:42) 1936 -President FDR (D) wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (R) 1937 -Archambaud bicycles world record time (45,796 km) 1937 -NHL Howie Morenz Memorial Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 6-5 in Mont 1939 -Clare Booth's "Margin for Error," premieres in NYC 1941 -Hirohiti's accord on Yamamoto's attack plan on Pearl Harbor fails 1942 -12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault 1942 -Despite Ted Williams wins Triple Crown, Yanks Joe Gordon wins AL MVP 1942 -Mort Cooper wins NL MVP 1942 -William L Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago 1943 -Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in Moscow 1943 -P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North-Holland 1944 -Allied commando's lands at Westkapelle Walcheren 1944 -German troops in Vlissingen surrenders 1944 -Pro-German government of Hungary flees 1944 -US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald 1945 -Lindsay Hassett scores 187 & 124* for Aust Services at Delhi 1946 -Emperor Hirohito proclaims new Japanese constitution 1948 -2nd NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Toronto 3-1 at Chicago 1948 -Chicago Tribune reports: "Dewey beats Truman"
1952 -Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas 1952 -Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel 1953 -1939 sacrifice fly rule restored: no time at bat for sac fly 1953 -1st live color coast-to-coast telecast (NYC) 1954 -Linus Pauling wins Nobel Chemistry Prize 1954 -Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe 1955 -1st virus crystallized (announced) 1955 -Alabama woman bruised by a meteor 1955 -Argentine ex-president Peron arrives in Nicaragua 1955 -Australia takes control of Cocos Islands 1955 -Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht 1956 -"Wizard of Oz" 1st televised (CBS-TV) 1957 -USSR launches Sputnik 2 with a dog (Laika), 1st animal in orbit 1958 -USSR performs nuclear test 1959 -Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election) 1960 -"Unsinkable Molly Brown" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 532 perfs 1960 -Ivory Coast adopts constitution 1960 -Pittsburgh Pirates' Vern Law wins Cy Young Award 1960 -Tammy Grimes' "Unsinkable Molly Brown," premieres in NYC 1961 -General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant acting secretary general 1962 -USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 1962 -Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 72 points vs LA Lakers 1963 -Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Cavern City Golf Open 1964 -LBJ (D) soundly defeats Barry Goldwater (R) for pres 1964 -Phila voters approve $25 million to build a new sports stadium 1965 -Sandy Koufax wins NL Cy Young Award unanimously 1967 -Boston's Jim Lonborg wins AL Cy Young 1967 -Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins. 1968 -Bob Packwood is elected senator of Oregon 1968 -Ex-premier Papandreou buried/300,000 demonstrate against fascist junta 1968 -Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Canyon Ladies Golf Classic 1968 -NY Jet Jim Turner kicks 6 field goals to beat Buffalo 25-21 1969 -Congo president Mobutu visits Belgium 1970 -"President's Daughter" opens at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 72 perfs 1970 -Bob Gibson wins NL Cy Young Award 1970 -Pres Nixon promises gradual troop removal of Vietnam 1970 -Salvador Allende inaugurated as president of Chile 1971 -"Play Misty For Me" premieres 1973 -Good Morning America premieres on ABC (David Hartman & Nancy Dussault) 1973 -Mariner 10 launched-1st Venus pics, 1st mission to Mercury 1974 -"Lorelei" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 320 performances 1974 -Chako Higuchi wins Japan LPGA Golf Classic 1976 -Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA/Japan Mizuno Golf 1977 -Debbie Massey wins LPGA Mizuno-Japan Golf Classic 1978 -1st broadcast of "Diff'rent strokes" on NBC TV 1978 -Dominica gains independence from UK & adopts constitution 1978 -Michiko Okada wins LPGA Mizuno-Japan Golf Classic 1978 -USSR & Vietnam sign peace & friendship treaty 1979 -5 mortally wounded during anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in NC 1979 -63 Americans taken hostage at US Embassy (Teheran, Iran) 1979 -Amy Alcott wins LPGA Mizuno Japan Golf Classic 1979 -Marocco offensive against Polisario 1980 -Ianford Wilsons "5th of July," premieres in NYC 1980 -Walter Hass Jr becomes CEO of Oakland A's 1981 -Brewers reliever Rollie Fingers wins AL Cy Young Award 1982 -Detroit blocks 20 Cleve Cav shots tying NBA regulation game record 1982 -Pete Vuckovich becomes Milwaukee's 2nd consecutive AL Cy Young 1983 -Jesse Jackson launches his 1st campaign for presidency (D) 1983 -Nashville Network begins on cable TV 1984 -3,000 die in 3 day anti-Sikh riot in India 1984 -Body of assassinated Indian PM Indira Gandhi cremated 1985 -Argentine pres Alfonsíns Radical Burgerunie wins elections 1985 -Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Nichirei Cup Team Match Golf Tournament 1986 -Federated States of Micronesia signs Compact of Free Assn with US 1986 -Joaquim Chissano elected president Mozambique 1986 -John Lennon releases "Menlove Avenue" album 1986 -Lebanese magazine Ash Shirra reveals secret US arms sales to Iran 1986 -Northern Mariana Islands becomes a Commonwealth associated with US 1987 -Oakland 1st baseman Mark McGwire wins AL Rookie of Year 1987 -On Wall Street, after 5 consecutive gains, Dow Jones down 50.56 1988 -Pakistan claims it downed Afghan warplane 1988 -Reagan signs credit-card disclosure-bill 1988 -Soviet Union agrees to allow teaching of Hebrew 1988 -Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera's nose is broken as Roy Innis brawls with skinheads at TV taping 1989 -100s of Bulgarian demonstrate in Sofia for democratic rights 1989 -Lou Piniella is named manager of the Reds, replacing banned Pete Rose 1989 -Minn Timberwolves' 1st NBA game, loses to Seattle, 106-94 1990 -Gro Harlem Brundtland installed as premier of Norway 1991 -21st NYC Women's Marathon won by Liz McColgan of Scotland in 2:27 1991 -22nd NYC Marathon won by Salvador Garcia of Mexico in 2:09:28 1991 -Ayrton Senna wins shortest Formula One race ever run (17 laps) 1992 -Bill Clinton (D) wins US presidential election over Pres Bush (R) 1992 -Carol Moseley Brown elected 1st black female in US Senate 1993 -Ken Daneyko sets NJ Devil 'Ironman' record by playing 322nd cons game 1994 -Atlantis 13 launched 1994 -Dutch & British astronomers find spiral nebula Dwingeloo 1 1994 -Space shuttle STS-66 (Atlantis 13), launches 1994 -Susan Smith who claimed her 2 kids were carjacked arrested for murder 1994 -Total solar eclipse in South America (4m23s) 1995 -1st NBA game at FleetCenter, Boston Celtics lose to Mil Bucks, 101-100 1995 -1st NBA game at Rose Garden, Port Trailblazers lose to Grizzlies 92-80 1995 -1st NBA game at Skydome, Toronto Raptors beat NJ Nets 94-79 1996 -"It's a Slippery Slope," opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC 1996 -26th NYC Women's Marathon won by Anuta Catuna of Romania in 2:28:18 1996 -27th NYC Marathon won by Giacomo Leone of Italy in 2:09:54 1996 -Mayumi Hirase wins LPGA Toray Japan Queens Cup 1996 -Toray Japan Queens Cup 1997 -Boston shortstop Nomar Garciaparra is 6th unanimous AL Rookie of Year 1997 -Calif law ends affirmative-action 1997 -David Duval wins Championship at the Champions Golf Club
1997 -Phillies 3rd baseman Scott Rolen selected unanimous Rookie of Year 2007 -Pervez Musharraf declared emergency rule across Pakistan. He suspended the Constitution, imposed State of Emergency, and fired the chief justice of the Supreme Court.