268 -St Dionysius ends his reign as Catholic Pope 418 -St Zosimus ends his reign as Catholic Pope 795 -St Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1198 -French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest 1481 -Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht 1481 -Battle of Westbrook - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht. 1492 -1st Spanish settlement in New World founded, by Columbus 1568 -Uprising of Morisco's against suppression in Granada 1613 -Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, marries Frances Howard, occasioning John Donne's "Eclogue". 1620 -Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, MA 1620 -Elizabeth Báthory's crimes are uncovered. 1659 -Long Parliament reforms in Westminster 1748 -France & Austria signs treaty about Southern Netherlands 1773 -Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia 1776 -Battle of Trenton-major British defeat 1776 -George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton 1792 -The final trial of Louis XVI of France begins in Paris. 1793 -Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians. 1793 -The wedding of Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Prussia and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz takes place. 1799 -George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen" 1805 -France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg 1805 -Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia 1809 -English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen 1811 -A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable. 1813 -Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies 1825 -Erie Canal opens 1830 -Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Anna Bolena," premieres in Milan 1831 -Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma," premieres in Milan 1848 -1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF 1848 -William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia 1848 -The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. 1854 -Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo 1860 -Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt) 1860 -Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft Sumter 1860 -The first ever inter-club football match takes place between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at the Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England. 1862 --Dec 28th) Battle of Dumfries, VA 1862 -1st US navy hospital ship enters service 1862 -38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minn, due to their uprising 1862 -The largest mass-hanging in U.S. history took place in Mankato, Minnesota, killing 39. 1865 -James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator 1870 -The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed. 1871 -Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years. 1872 -4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18") 1877 -Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st natl convention 1878 -1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia 1879 -John Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture," premieres 1883 -The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland. 1890 -King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company 1892 -Opera "Cristoforo Colombo" is produced (La Scala) 1899 -Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed 1902 -Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42) 1908 -Jack Johnson TKOs Tommy Burns in 14 for heavyweight boxing title 1916 -Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France 1917 -1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron 1917 -Fed govt took over operation of American RR for duration of WW I 1918 -1st day of 1st-class cricket in Aust after WW I (Vic v NSW) 1919 -Yanks & Red Sox reach agreement on transfer of Babe Ruth 1924 -Judy Garland, 2½, billed as Baby Frances, makes her show business debut 1925 -1st East West football game at Ewing Park before 25,000 fans 1925 -NHL record 141 shots as NY Americans (73) beat Pitt Pirates (68) 3-1 1925 -Turkey adopts Gregorian calendar 1925 -NY's Jake Forbes makes 67 saves, Pitt's Ray Waters makes 70 1925 -The Communist Party of India is founded. 1926 -Prince-regent Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan 1928 -Johnny Weissmuller announces his retirement from amateur swimming 1928 -World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW v Vic 1931 -George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in NYC 1931 -Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opens on Bdwy 1931 -SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten 1932 -Earthquake kills 70,000 in Kansu China 1933 -Bradman scores 187* NSW v Victoria, 294 mins, 13 fours 1933 -US forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere 1933 -FM radio is patented. 1934 -Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms 1935 -Stalin views Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' opera "Lady Macbeth" 1936 -Israel Philarmonic Orch forms 1938 -Bradman scores 225 South Aust v Qld before Christ gets him out 1938 -Tom Goddard takes a cricket hat-trick for England v South Africa 1939 -Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey 1939 -Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels 1940 -1st-class debut of Arthur Morris, who scores 148 1940 -JA Fields/J Chodorov's "My Sister Eileen," premieres in NYC 1941 -Winston Churchill becomes 1st British PM to address a joint meeting of Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing" 1943 -British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst 1943 -Chicago Bears win NFL championship 1943 -Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter 1944 -Battle of Bastogne-US Gen Patton's 4th Pantzers repulse Germans 1944 -Budapest surrounded by soviet army 1944 -Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie," premieres in Chicago 1945 -CFP franc and CFA franc are created. 1946 -"Beggar's Holiday" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 111 performances 1946 -"Toplitzky of Notre Dame" opens at Century Theater NYC for 60 perfs 1946 -35th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Melbourne (5-0) 1946 -Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era) 1947 -"Cradle Will Ruck" opens at Mansfield Theater NYC for 34 performances 1947 -British transfer Heard & McDonald Is (Indian Ocean) to Australia 1947 -Heavy snow blankets Northeast, buries NYC under 25.8" of snow in 16 hrs That same day, LA set a record high of 84°F 1948 -Hungarian cardinal Mindszenty arrested 1950 -Gillette & Mutual buy All Star & World Series rights ($6M for 6 yrs) 1954 -"The Shadow," airs for last time on radio
1954 -Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10 1955 -Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating LA 38-14 1955 -RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV 1957 -Roger Sessions' 3rd Symphony premieres in London 1960 -"Do Re Mi" opens at St James Theater NYC for 400 performances 1960 -Musical "Do re mi" with Phil Silvers premieres in NYC 1960 -Phila Eagles beat Green Bay Packers 17-13 in NFL championship game 1963 -"Double Dublin" opens at Little Theater NYC for 4 performances 1963 -Beatles release "I Want To Hold Your Hand"/"I Saw Her Standing There" 1963 -US furnishes cereal to USSR 1964 -Beatles' "I Feel Fine," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks 1964 -Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 20-7 in AFL championship game 1964 -Moors Murderers claim last victim 1965 -"Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand closes on Broadway 1965 -Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 23-0 in AFL championship game 1965 -Paul McCartney is interviewed on pirate radio station Radio Caroline 1966 -Maulana Karenga establishes Kwanzaa (1st fruits of harvest) holiday 1966 -Jimi Hendrix writes "Purple Haze" backstage at the Upper Cut Club 1967 -BBC broadcasts "Magical Mystery Tour" 1967 -Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands 1968 -Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1 1968 -Jay Allens "Forty Carats," premieres in NYC 1968 -Led Zeppelin's concert debut in Boston as opener for Vanilla Fudge 1968 -Bruin Ted Green sets NHL penalty record of 3 minors, 2 majors & 2 game misconducts in a game against NY Rangers in NY's MSG 1973 -"Exorcist," starring Linda Blair & rated X, premieres 1973 -2 Skylab 3 astronauts walk in space for a record 7 hours 1973 -Soyuz 13 returns to Earth 1974 -Washington Capitals 1st NHL sellout 1975 -1st supersonic transport service (USSR-Tupolev-144) 1975 -A crowd of 85661 attends the 1st day of the Aust-WI MCG Test Cricket 1976 -"Music Is" closes at St James Theater NYC after 8 performances 1976 -The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded. 1977 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1978 -India's former PM, Indira Gandhi, released from jail 1979 -Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan. 1980 -Aeroflot puts the Ilyushin Il-86 into service. 1981 -One of the great day's Test Cricket at the MCG Aust v WI 1982 -TIME's Man of the Year is a computer 1982 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1983 -Test Cricket debut of Gregory Richard John Matthews, v Pakistan MCG 1983 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1984 -Belgian princess Astrid marries arch duke Otto L van Austrian-Este 1985 -Test Cricket debut of Steve Waugh, v India at the MCG 1986 -Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed 1986 -Doug Jarvis, 31, sets NHL record of 916 consecutive games 1986 -TV soap "Search for Tomorrow" ends 35 year run 1987 -"Les Miserables" opens at National Theatre of Iceland, Reykjavik 1988 -"Legs Diamond" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 64 performances 1988 -Anti African student rebellion in China PR 1989 -ODI debut for Mark Taylor & Sanath Jayasuriya at cricket MCG 1990 -Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship 1990 -Reggie Williams becomes 1st GM of WLAF's NY-NJ Knights 1990 -Senior Professional Baseball Association folds 1991 -Chuck Knolls retires as NFL coach after 23 years 1991 -Jack Ruby's gun sells for $220,000 in auction 1991 -Militant Sikhs kill 55 & wound 70 in India 1991 -NY Islander Derek King ties NJ Devils 5-5 with ½ second left 1992 -NY Jet announcer Marty Glickman retires at 75 1993 -Antonov-26 crashes at Gyumri, Armenia, 36 killed 1993 -Comedian Rodney Dangerfield (72) weds Joan Child (41) 1993 -Floyd, Nicklaus & Rodriguez wins Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge Golf Tourn 1994 -Actor Jason Hervey (22) weds Kelley Patricia O'Neill (27) 1994 -French commando's terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille 1994 -President Clinton's brother Roger Clinton (37) weds 8-mo pregnant Molly Nartin (25) 1995 -Muttiah Muralitharan no-balled for throwing (SL v Aust, MCG) 1995 -Paul Adams becomes S Afr's youngest Test Cricket player, 18 yrs 340 ds 1996 -Start of the largest strike in South Korean history. 1996 -The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification goes into force. 1996 -Six-year-old beauty queen JonBenét Ramsey is found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family's home in Boulder, Colorado. 1997 -The Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat explodes, creating a small tsunami offshore. 1998 -Iraq announces its intention to fire upon U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the northern and southern no-fly zones. 1998 -Severe gales over Ireland, northern England, and southern Scotland cause widespread disruption and widespread power outages in Northern Ireland and southern Scotland. 1999 -Severe weather in France kills over 100 people and causes extensive damage to property, trees and the French national power grid (see Lothar). 2003 -A magnitude 6.6 earthquake devastates southeast Iranian city of Bam, killing tens of thousands and destroying the citadel of Arg-é Bam. 2004 -A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and many other areas around the rim of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people. 2005 -Boxing Day shooting on a busy shopping street in Toronto. 2006 -The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.