History of 7th November

680 - 3rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens
921 - Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other
1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
1512 - Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence
1519 - University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther
1558 - French king Henri II occupies Calais
1597 - Emilia of Nassau weds Dom Emanuel of Portugal
1631 - Pierre Gassendi observes transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
1637 - Anne Hutchinson banished from Mass bay colony as a heretic
1651 - King Louis XIV of France (13) declarer of full age
1659 - Peace of Pyreneeen: French king Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV
1665 - 1st edition of "London Gazette"
1667 - Jean Racines "Andromaque," premieres in Paris
1722 - Richard Steele's "Conscious Lovers," premieres in London
1733 - France & Spain sign Escoriaal Treaty
1747 - Organgist in Netherlands revolt under Daniel Raap
1775 - Lord Dunmore, promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
1786 - The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
1794 - French troops conquer Nijmegen
1805 - Lewis & Clark 1st sights Pacific Ocean
1811 - Battle of Tippecanoe, gave Harrison a presidential slogan
1814 - 1st sitting of States-general in Hague
1820 - James Monroe elected 5th US president
1824 - St Petersburg flood
1831 - State Gran Colombia disbands
1837 - In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
1848 - General Zachary Taylor elected as president of US
1861 - Battle of Belmont, MO
1861 - Battle of Port Royal Bay, SC (Ft Walker, Ft Beauregard)
1863 - Battle of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, VA
1864 - 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
1865 - London Gazette, oldest surviving journal, is founded
1872 - Mary Celeste sails from NY to Genoa; found abandoned 4 weeks later
1872 - US cargo ship Mary Celeste set sail from NY on a journey which ended when it is found mysteriously abandoned the following month
1874 - 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by T Nast
1875 - Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
1876 - Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to recieve a PhD in US college (Yale)
1876 - Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College
1876 - Pres Rutherford B Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)
1885 - Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
1893 - State Colorado accept female suffrage
1900 - Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
1907 - Dynamite explodes on locomotive kills engineer Jesus Garcia in Mexico
1907 - Test tokens are struck in 1st production of Canadian coins
1907 - Delta Sigma Pi is founded at New York University.
1908 - Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
1909 - Knights & Ladies of St Peter Claver organizes in Mobile Alabama
1910 - The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
1912 - The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio.
1914 - Japan attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
1914 - The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
1914 - The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
1915 - Austrian submarine torpedoes Italian passenger ship (272 kill)
1916 - Grand duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns czar of uprising
1916 - Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) elected 1st woman Representative
1916 - Woodrow Wilson (D) re-elected president
1917 - British capture Gaza Palestine from Turks
1917 - October Revolution (Oct 26 OS) in Russia, Lenin seizes power
1918 - Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets
1918 - United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed
1918 - Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff," premieres in Petrograd
1918 - The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
1918 - Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria.
1919 - US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
1921 - Ed Wynn's musical "Perfect Fool," premieres in NYC
1925 - Italians liberal-national party joins fascist
1928 - Herbert Hoover (R) elected president
1929 - Museum of Modern Art opens (NYC)
1931 - Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Tse Tung
1932 - 1st broadcast of "Buck Rogers in the 25th century" on CBS-radio
1932 - Bradman scores 238 NSW v Victoria, 200 mins, 32 fours
1933 - Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports
1933 - Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
1934 - Arthur L Mitchell, becomes 1st black Democratic congressman (Ill)
1935 - 23rd CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg Winnipegs defeats Hamilton Tigers, 18-12
1936 - Battle of Madrid begins
1940 - Stravinsky's Symfonie in C premieres in Chicago
1940 - Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash
1941 - British air attack on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied
1942 - 1st US president to broadcast in a foreign language-FDR in French
1942 - Bicyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world record (45,848 km)
1943 - Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL
1944 - FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R)
1944 - Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
1946 - "Bal Negre" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 54 performances
1949 - King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament
1950 - Carlo Terron's "Processo Agli Innocenti," premieres in Milan
1950 - French women & children leaves Hanoi/Tonkin-delta
1951 - Constitution of Jordan passes
1953 - WIS TV channel 10 in Columbia, SC (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - US spy plane shot down North of Japan
1954 - Cleveland Browns' Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns & win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Wash 62-3
1955 - Supreme Court of Balt bans segregation in public recreational areas
1957 - Phillies pitcher Jack Sanford wins NL Rookie of Year
1957 - WEEQ (now WWTO) TV channel 35 in La Salle, IL (IND) 1st broadcast
1957 - Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.
1959 - 13th Ryder Cup: US wins 8½-3½ at Eldorado Golf Club (Indian Wells, California)
1960 - KNRR TV channel 12 in Pembina, ND (IND) begins broadcsting
1961 - France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1962 - Glenn Hall set NHL record of 503 consecutive games as goalie

1962 - Richard Nixon quits politics-You won't have Nixon to kick around
1963 - Carole Joan Crawford, 20
1963 - NY Yankee Elston Howard is 1st black ever voted AL MVP
1963 - Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
1964 - NL keeps Braves in Milwaukee in 1965, may move to Atlanta in 1966
1965 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Tall City Golf Open
1966 - Jean-Claude van Itallie's "America Hurrah," premieres in NYC
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1966 - Lunar Orbiter 2 launched by US
1967 - Carl B Stokes elected 1st black mayor of a major city-Cleveland, Ohio
1967 - LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting
1967 - Richard G Hatcher elected mayor of Gary Indiana
1967 - St Louis Cards Orlando Cepeda is 1st unanimous NL MVP
1967 - Surveyor 6 launched for soft landing on Moon
1968 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1969 - John & Yoko release their 2nd album "Wedding Album" in UK
1970 - "Purlie" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 689 performances
1970 - Race riots in Daytona Beach Florida
1972 - Pres Nixon (R) re-elected defeating George McGovern (D)
1973 - NJ becomes 1st state to allow girls into little league
1973 - US & Egypt announce restoration of full diplomatic links
1974 - 63rd Davis Cup: South Africa beats India in (w/o)
1975 - Kidnapped AKZO director Herrema freed in Ireland
1976 - "Gone With the Wind" televised
1978 - Boston Red Sox Jim Rice wins AL MVP
1978 - CDA-chairman W Aantjes resigns due to his war past
1979 - Cub reliever Bruce Sutter wins NL Cy Young Award
1981 - France performs nuclear test
1982 - "Your Arms are Too Short to Box" closes at Alvin NYC after 69 perfs
1982 - Liz Taylor's 7th divorce (John Warner)
1982 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Mazda Japan Golf Classic
1982 - Turkey adopts constitution
1983 - Ali Haji-Sheikh kicks his 2nd NY Giant record 56 yard field goal
1983 - Bomb explodes in US Capitol, causing heavy damage but no injuries
1984 - STS 51-A launch scrubbed because of high shear winds
1985 - Colombian troops end 27-hr siege of Bogota's Palace of Justice
1987 - Tunisian premier Zine al-Abidine fires president Habib Bourguiba
1988 - MLB all stars beats Japan 16-8 (Game 3 of 7)
1988 - Sugar Ray Leonard KO's Donnie LaLonde
1989 - Balt's Gregg Olson is 1st relief pitcher to win AL Rookie of Year
1989 - Douglas Wilder elected 1st US black governor (D-Va)
1989 - NYC elects it's 1st black mayor (Dinkins) & female comp (Holtzman)
1990 - "Little Night Music" closes at New York State NYC after 11 perfs
1990 - "Those Were The Days" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 126 performances
1990 - Cleve Indian Sandy Alomar Jr wins AL Rookie of Year, unanimously
1990 - Mary Robinson elected as 1st female president of Ireland
1991 - "Brigadoon" opens at New York State Theater NYC for 12 performances
1991 - "Park Your Car in Harvard Yard" opens at Music Box NYC
1991 - 1st NBA game in Delta City, Utah Jazz beats Seattle 103-95
1991 - Magic Johnson announces he has HIV virus & retires from LA Lakers
1992 - 1st NBA game at America West Arena, Phoenix Suns beat Clippers 111-105
1993 - Betsy King wins LPGA Toray Japan Queens Cup Golf Tournament
1995 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Pittsburgh PA on WXDX 105.9 FM
1995 - Howard Stern's 2nd book "Miss America" released (fastest selling ever)
1996 - "3 Sisters" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC
1996 - NFL/Heisman Trophy Winner Mike Rozier, is shot several times
1996 - Wasim Jaffer gets 314* in 2nd cricket FC game for Mumbai v Saurashtra
1997 - "Bean" opens in US
2000 - Controversial US presidential election that was later resolved in the Bush v. Gore Supreme Court Case.
2000 - The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country's largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas.
2000 - Hillary Rodham Clinton is elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States, although actually she still was the First Lady.
2001 - The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month hiatus.
2002 - Iran bans advertising of United States products.
2004 - War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
2007 - Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.