655 -Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. 1315 -Battle at Morgarten: Swiss beat duke Leopold I of Austria 1316 -Jan I becomes king of France, dies 4 days later 1348 -Rudolph of Oron claims Jews have confessed to poisoning wells 1491 -6 Jews & 5 Conversos accused of killing Christians in La Guardia Spain 1491 -Anna van Bretagne becomes devoted to end "la guerre folle" 1492 -Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco 1492 -In Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of using black magic 1515 -Thomas Cardinal Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal 1527 -Treaty of Beautiful garden (emperor-ecclesiastical goods) 1532 -Pope Clemens VII tells Henry VIII to end relationship with Anna Boleyn 1533 -Francisco Pizarro arrives at Cuzco 1577 -Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican travels from Chile to Washington 1583 -Gelders Earl Willem of the Bergh flees 1660 -1st kosher butcher (Asser Levy) licensed in NYC (New Amsterdam) 1679 -English house of Commons accept Exclusion Bill 1688 -Prince Willem III's army lands at Torbay England 1715 -Barrier Treaty, Austria cedes area to Netherlands 1727 -NY General assembly permits Jews to omit phrase "upon the faith of a Christian" from abjuration oath 1763 -Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon begin surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania & Maryland 1777 -Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress 1791 -1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens 1806 -1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Govt, publishes 1st issue 1806 -Explorer Zebulon Pike sights Pikes Peak (Colorado) 1813 -Allied troops occupies Groningen 1813 -Tax revolt in Amsterdam 1824 -Series of fires kills 10 (Edinburgh Scotland) 1826 -Dutch Business Me gets monopoly on opium trade in Java/Madura 1827 -Creek-indians lose all their property in US 1832 -Felix Mendelssohn's "Reformation," premieres 1835 -HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches Tahiti 1837 -Isaac Pitman introduces his steno system 1845 -Opera "Maritana" is produced (London) 1849 -1st US poultry show opens in Boston 1854 -In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession. 1864 -1st US mines school opens in basement of Columbia University, NY 1864 -Union Major General Sherman burns Atlanta 1869 -Free postal delivery formally inaugurated 1870 -Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union 1881 -American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh) 1882 -British HMS Flirt destroys village of Asaba Niger 1884 -Colonization of Africa orgainized at Intl conference in Berlin 1887 -British SS Wah Yeung catches fire on Canton River off Hong Kong 1889 -Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed 1899 -Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill & wife captured in Natal 1901 -Heavyweight James J Jeffries KOs Gus Ruhlin in SF 1901 -James J Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title 1902 -Leopold II, King of Belgium almost assassinated by Italian anarchist 1903 -Eugen d'Alberts opera "Tiefland," premieres in Prague 1904 -King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade 1911 -Proclamation sets designs for Canadian $5 & $10 gold coins 1914 -Ital socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il populo d'italia 1919 -Senate 1st invokes cloture to end a filibuster (Versailles Treaty) 1920 -Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen," premieres in Neurenberg 1920 -Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection 1920 -League of Nations holds 1st meeting, in Geneva 1921 -KYW-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions 1922 -British Conservative wins election/Labour 2nd party 1924 -Dutch Christian Radio Society (NCRV) forms 1926 -1st formal radio network, RCA takes over AT&T 25 station Network (NBC) 1926 -AT&T sells WEAF radio to RCA (NYC) 1932 -Walt Disney Art School created 1934 -Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium) 1935 -Commonwealth of Philippines inaugurated 1936 -Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact 1937 -1st congressional session in air-conditioned chambers 1938 -1st telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY 1938 -Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona 1939 -Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia 1939 -FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Wash DC 1939 -Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews 1939 -Social Security Administration approves 1st unemployment check 1940 -1st 75,000 men called to armed forces duty during peacetime 1940 -1st black to sign hockey contract-Arthur Dorrington & AC Seagulls 1940 -NY Midtown tunnel linking Manhattan and Queens opens to traffic 1941 -Cow Palace opens in San Francisco 1941 -Yugoslav government in exile names Draza Mihailovic premier 1942 -World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219. 1944 -Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank 1945 -The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of 1946 -House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) interrogates astronomer Harlow Shapley 1946 -Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP 1947 -Bradman scores his 100th 100, 172 v Indians at the SCG 1947 -Soccer team GVVV forms in Veenendaal 1948 -William Lyon Mackenzie King retires as PM of Canada 1949 -KRON TV channel 4 in San Francisco, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting 1949 -WSAZ TV channel 3 in Huntington-Charleston, NV (NBC) 1st broadcast 1950 -1st Negro player in organized hockey-Arthur Dorrington signed 1950 -Arthur Dorrington is 1st black man in organized hockey (Atl City Seagulls of Eastern Amateur Hockey League 1951 -Cricket 1st-class debut of Hanif Mohammad, Pak XI v MCC, Lahore 1951 -NY Yankee Gil McDougald wins AL Rookie of Year 1953 -WIBW TV channel 13 in Topeka, KS (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting 1953 -WRBL TV channel 3 in Columbus, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting 1954 -1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins 1955 -Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement 1956 -"Li'l Abner" opens at St James Theater NYC for 693 performances 1956 -Elvis Presley's 1st film "Love Me Tender," premieres in NYC 1957 -US sentences Soviet spy Rudolf Ivanovich Abel to 30 years & $3,000 1959 -Robert White & Perry Smith kill Clutters 1959 -Cleve Browns' halfback Bobby Mitchell sets club record for longest run from scrimmage (90-yards), beat Wash 31-17
1959 -Four members of the Herbert Clutter Family are murdered at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas. 1960 -Elgin Baylor of NBA LA Lakers scores 71 points vs NY Knicks 1960 -USS G Washington, 1st sub with nuclear ballistic missiles, launched 1961 -Comet C/1961 T1 (Seki) approaches within 0.1019 AUs of Earth 1961 -Roger Maris is voted AL MVP 1961 -UN bans nuclear arms 1962 -Don Drysdale wins Cy Young Award 1964 -Ajax soccer star Johan Cruijff debuts against GVAV 1964 -KBYU TV channel 11 in Provo, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting 1964 -Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA San Antonio Civitan Golf Open 1964 -Mickey Wright shoots a 62, lowest golf score for a woman pro 1964 -Sudan Premier Ibrahim Abbud resigns 1965 -Craig Breedlove sets land speed record (600.601 mph-966.57 kph) 1966 -Gemini XII (Lovell/Aldrin) returns to Earth 1967 -Boston's Carl Yastrzemski wins AL MVP 1967 -Michael Adams in X-15 reaches 80 km 1967 -WLTV TV channel 23 in Miami, FL (IND) begins broadcasting 1967 -The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert. 1968 -1st date in controversial Jim Bouton baseball diary "Ball Four" 1969 -1st Jackson Five record to enter top 100 (I Want You Back) 1969 -1st commercial ad on English TV: Birds-Eye Peas on ATV (Midland) 1969 -250,000 peacefully demonstrate in Wash DC against Vietnam War 1969 -Janis Joplin, accused of vulgar & indicent language in Tampa, Fla 1969 -Wendy's Hamburgers opens 1971 -Intel advertises 4004-processor 1972 -Circle-in the-Square Theater opens at 1633 Broadway NYC 1972 -Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 48 launched to study gamma rays 1972 -White Sox Dick Allen wins AL MVP 1973 -Egypt & Israel exchange prisoners of war 1974 -Ringo releases "Goodnight Vienna" & "Only You" in UK 1975 -Miss Teenage America Pageant 1976 -Syrian army conquerors Beirut 1977 -Pres Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran 1978 -183 die as Icelandic Airlines DC-8 crashes in Colombo, Sri Lanka 1978 -Harold Pinter's "Betrayal," premieres in London 1978 -Pirates outfielder Dave Parker wins NL MVP 1979 -ABC-TV announces it would broadcast nightly specials on Iran hostage 1979 -Brit govt identifies Sir Anthony Blunt as 4th man in Soviet spy ring 1979 -A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing. 1980 -Pope John Paul II began 5 day visit to West Germany 1981 -"Camelot" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 48 performances 1982 -Funeral services held in Moscow's Red Square for Leonid I Brezhnev 1983 -75th hat trick in Islander history-Mike Bossy 1983 -Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus proclaimed 1985 -A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes. 1986 -2nd time Saturday Night Live uses a time delay (Sam Knison hosts) 1987 -28 of 82 aboard Continental Airlines DC-9, die in crash at Denver 1987 -Carla Beurskens runs Dutch female record marathon (2:26:34) 1987 -Leile McBridge (Denver), crowned Miss Black America 1987 -NY Giant Raul Allegre kicks 2, 50 or more yard field goals in a game 1987 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1988 -91 m radio telescope dish at Green Bank, WV collapses 1988 -Dodgers outfielder Kirk Gibson wins NL MVP Award 1988 -PLO proclaims State of Palestine, recognizes Israeli existence 1988 -Soviet space shuttle makes unmanned maiden flight (2 orbits) 1988 -The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands. 1989 -"Batman" is released on video tape 1989 -"Few Good Men" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 497 performances 1989 -Aaron Sorkin's "Few Good Men," premieres in NYC 1989 -Bret Saberhagen wins AL Cy Young Award 1989 -France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 1989 -Test Cricket debut of Waqar Younis & Sachin Tendulkar at Karachi 1989 -Walter Davis (Denver) begins NBA free throw streak of 53 games 1990 -Pres Bush signs Clear Air Act of 1990 1990 -Producers confirm that Milli Vanilla didn't sing on their album 1990 -US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) launches into orbit 1991 -Dow Jones avg drops 120.31 points (5th largest dive) 1991 -Ricky Pierce (Seattle) begins NBA free throw streak of 75 game 1992 -Cuban Ilyushin IL-18 flight to Puerto Plata crashes, 34 die 1992 -Praveen Amre scores century on Test Cricket debut (103 v SA, Durban) 1993 -Howard Stern radio show premieres in Myrtle Beach SC on WYAV 104.1 FM 1993 -Joe Buttafuoco sentence to 6 months for statutory rape of Amy Fisher 1993 -13 Cuban refugees land in Florida after stealing a crop-duster in Cuba. 1994 -"Glass Menagerie" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 57 performances 1994 -6.7-8.1 earthquake strikes Philippines, killing 45 1994 -Helmut Kohl elected German chancellor (341-340 votes) 1994 -Nepal Communist party Dutch Communist Party-UML wins election 1995 -"Master Class" opens at Golden Theater NYC for 601 performances 1995 -Space shuttle Atlantis docks with orbiting Russian space station Mir 1996 -"Into the Whirlwind" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 2 perfs 1997 -19th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 32 awards 1997 -William Shatner (66) weds Norine Kidd 1999 -Next transit of Mercury visible in North America 2000 -A chartered Antonov AN-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more than 40 people. New Jharkhand state came into existence in India. 2002 -Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China. 2003 -The first day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings takes place, to be followed by additional bombings on November 20. 2005 -Boeing formally launches the stretched Boeing 747-8 variant with orders from Cargolux and Nippon Cargo Airlines. 2007 -A devastating Cyclone named Sidr hit Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5000 people and destroyed the world's largest mangrove forest, Sundarbans.