1170 -Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church. 1503 -Battle at Carigliano: Spanish army beats France 1539 -St Jacobs Church burns after being hit by lightning 1541 -Isabella of Poland & King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu 1558 -Charles V, German emperor, buried 1705 -Prosper Jolyot's "Idomenée," premieres in Paris 1708 -Great Alliance occupies Gent 1778 -English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia 1782 -1st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston 1786 -French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked 1812 -The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle. 1813 -British burn Buffalo, NY during War of 1812 1835 -The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States. 1837 -Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo 1837 -Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine 1841 -King/grand duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon 1845 -Texas admitted as 28th state 1848 -Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration) 1851 -1st Young Men's Christian Association chapter opened (Boston) 1851 -The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts. 1852 -Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants 1857 -Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht," premieres in Weimar 1860 -The first British seagoing iron-clad warship, HMS Warrior is launched. 1862 -Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat Gen Sherman 1862 -Bowling ball invented 1864 -Fire Dept celebrates 1st annual ball 1867 -1st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Co, NY 1876 -11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die 1876 -Frederic A Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty sculptor) weds Jeanne-Emilie 1885 -Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany) 1890 -US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, SD 1891 -Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio) 1895 -Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg 1899 -English fleet brings German postschip Bundesrath up 1900 -General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia 1903 -French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad & Ubangi-Shari 1906 -Montreal Wanderers beat New Glasgow (NS) for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1906) 1908 -Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisc 1911 -Proclamation restores "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins 1911 -SF Symphony formed 1911 -Sun Yat-sen becomes the first President of the Republic of China. 1911 -Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty. 1913 -1st movie serial, "Adventures of Kathlyn," premieres in Chicago 1920 -The netherlands/Venezuela recover diplomatic relations 1920 -Yugoslav govt bans communist party 1921 -William Lyon Mackenzie King succeeded Arthur Meighen as Canadian PM 1922 -Dutch Constitution proclaimed 1922 -Revised Netherlands Law proclaims suffrage 1926 -Vatican puts French fascist Charles Maurras' work on the index 1926 -Victoria (1107) beat NSW (221 & 230) by an innings 656 runs 1929 -Police arrest Sukarno & 100s PNI-leaders 1930 -Fred P Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minn, to New Orleans 1931 -Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey 1931 -Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW 1933 -Yank refuses to release Babe Ruth so he can manage the Cin Reds 1934 -1st collegiate basketball doubleheader (MSG) 1934 -Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma," premieres in Madrid 1934 -Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 & London Treaty of 1930 1937 -2nd Irish constitution goes into effect; Irish Free State renamed Erie 1937 -Ireland adopts constitution (Irish Free State becomes Eire) 1937 -Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champ 1937 -Pan Am starts San Francisco-to-Auckland, New Zealand service 1938 -Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, Seattle, begins 1939 -First flight of the Consolidated B-24. 1940 -Germany begins dropping incendiary bombs on London (WW II) 1940 -NFL Pro Bowl: Chi Bears beats NFL All-Stars 28-14 1944 -Belgian nazi Leon Degrelle at default to the death sentenced 1944 -Gen Eisenhowers train returns to Versailles 1947 -Ship carrying Jewish immigrants driven away from Palestine 1948 -"Rape of Lucretia" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 23 performances 1948 -Canada recognizes Israel 1948 -US State Dept announces work on placing objects into Earth orbit 1949 -1st UHF television station operating regular basis (Bridgeport Ct) 1949 -Hungary nationalized its industries 1951 -Flying Enterprise in difficulty in Canal 1952 -1st transistorized hearing aid offered for sale (Elmsford NY) 1954 -Kingdom of Netherlands, with Netherlands & Netherlands Antilles as autonomous parts, comes into being 1955 -Barbra Streisand's 1st recording "You'll Never Know" at age 13 1957 -Detroit Lions beat Cleve Browns 50-14 in NFL championship game 1957 -Singers Steve Lawrence & Eydie Gorme wed in Las Vegas 1958 -Balt Colts beat NY Giants 23-17 in NFL championship game 1958 -TV soap "Young Dr Malone" debuts 1959 -Saul Levitt's "Andersonville Trial," premieres in NYC 1962 -Doug Walters makes 1st-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 8 days 1963 -52nd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Adelaide (3-2) 1965 -"Thunderball" premieres in US 1965 -CBS purchases NFL TV rights for 1966-68 at $18.8 million per year 1965 -Supremes release "My World is Empty Without You" 1966 -Pirate Radio Phoenix, 1st transmission (Worcester, Mass) 1967 -Star Trek's "Trouble With Tribbles" 1st airs 1967 -Turkish-Cypriot government forms in Cyprus 1968 -Balt Colts beat Cleveland Browns 34-0 in NFL championship game 1968 -Israeli commandos destroy 13 Lebanese airplanes 1968 -NY Jets beat Oakland Raiders 27-23 in AFL championship game 1969 -NY Times reports Curt Flood will sue baseball & challenge the reserve clause 1972 -Eastern Tristar Jumbo Jet crashes near Everglades killing 101 1972 -Life magazine ceases publication 1972 -Test Cricket debut of Jeff Thomson & Max Walker v Pakistan at MCG 1974 -Murray Schisgal's "All Over Town," premieres in NYC 1975 -11 killed, 75 hurt by terrorist bomb at LaGuardia Airport in NYC
1977 -Ronald Ribman's "Cold Storage," premieres in NYC 1978 -Shah of Iran, asks Shapour Bahktiar to form a civilian govt 1978 -Spain constitution goes into effect 1978 -Test Cricket debut of Allan Robert Border, v England at the MCG 1979 -Red Army beats NY Islanders 3-2 at Nassau Coliseum 1980 -Shuttle STS-1 moves from Vandenberg AFB to Launch Complex 39A 1982 -Bob Marley postage stamp issued in Jamaica 1982 -Coach Paul "Bear" Bryant ends his career with Alabama (323 wins) 1983 -Gavaskar makes the highest Test Cricket score by an Indian, 236* v WI 1983 -Graeme Yallop completes 268 v Pakistan at cricket MCG 1983 -US announced withdrawal from UNESCO 1984 -5th United Negro College Fund 1984 -Blues took 27 shots against Islanders in 1 period 1984 -Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi claims victory in parlimetary elections 1988 -Soviet Red Army Team edges NY Islanders, 3-2 at Nassau Coliseum 1988 -Victorian Post Office Museum in Australia closes 1989 -Jane Pauley says goodbye to NBC's "Today" show 1989 -Vaclav Havel becomes president of Czechoslovakia 1989 -Wayne Gretzky & Martina Navratilova, named athletes of decade by AP 1989 -Riots break-out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees. 1990 -Olympic gymnist Mary Lou Retton weds Shannon Kelley 1991 -"Christmas Carol" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 14 perfs 1991 -12th United Negro College Fund 1991 -Boeing 747-200F of China Airlines crash into mountain at Taipei 1992 -Gov Cuomo grants Jean Harris (Scarsdale Diet Dr killer) clemency 1993 -Courtney Love sues doctors for leaking news of her methadone treatment 1993 -Todd Bridges arrested for transporting methamphetamine (speed) 1994 -B737-400 flies into a mountain at Edremit East Turkey, 54 killed 1994 -Bangladesh govt of Zia resigns 1994 -Billionaire J Paul Getty Jr marries Victoria Holdsworth on Barbados 1994 -Last Dutch electro-magnetic telephone exchange shuts down 1994 -Shane Warne takes a hat-trick v England at cricket MCG 1996 -"Dreams & Nightmares" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC 1996 -"Skylight" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 1996 -"Taking Sides" closes at Atkinson Theater NYC 1997 -Carquest Bowl 8: Georgia Tech beats West Virginia, 35-30 1997 -Hong Kong begins slaughtering all its chickens to prevent bird flu 1997 -Orville Lynn Majors, 36, arrested for many deaths under his care 1997 -Russia signs agreement to build a $3B nuclear power plant in China 1998 -Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over 1 million. 2001 -Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.