308 -The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul. 537 -St Silverius ends his reign as Catholic Pope 887 -Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns 1158 -Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy 1208 -Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king 1215 -4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome 1417 -Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V 1493 -Columbus discovers Saba 1500 -Treaty of Granada: France & Aragon divide Naples 1503 -Pope Julius II elected 1572 -Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins siege for Haarlem 1606 -Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok 1620 -41 pilgrims land in Mass, sign Mayflower Compact (just & equal laws) 1634 -Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery". 1640 -John Pym, earl of Strafford locked in Tower of London 1647 -Massachusetts passes 1st US compulsory school attendance law 1648 -Dutch & French agree to divide St Maarten, Leeward Islands 1671 -Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine 1673 -Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-LithuanianCommonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used. 1675 -Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function. 1688 -Prince Willem III's invasion fleet sails to England 1714 -A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street 1724 -Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London. 1725 -Georg F Handel's opera "Tamerlano," premieres in London 1745 -Bonnie Prince Charlies army enters England 1750 -The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity. 1752 -TheresianischeMilitaryAcademy opens in Vienna 1778 -Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in CherryValley Massacre 1790 -Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China 1805 -Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force. 1811 -CartagenaColombia declares independence from Spain 1813 -Dresden surrenders to allied armies 1836 -Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru 1838 -Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwins marriage proposal 1839 -The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia. 1851 -Alvan Clark patents telescope 1860 -1st Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires Argentina 1862 -Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia) 1864 -Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia 1864 -Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL 1865 -Mary Edward Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor 1865 -Thomas Robertsons "Society," premieres in London 1865 -Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company. 1868 -1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC) 1880 -Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol. 1887 -Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed. 1887 -Construction of the ManchesterShip Canal starts at Eastham. 1889 -Washington admitted as 42nd state 1890 -D McCree patents portable fire escape 1895 -Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony 1896 -Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War 1899 -Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora," premieres in London 1901 -Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres 1906 -Ethel Smyth' "Standrecht," premieres in Leipzig 1909 -Construction of navy base at Pearl Harbor begins 1909 -J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding," premieres in London 1911 -Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through. (see The 11/11/11 cold wave). 1918 -Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution 1918 -Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates 1918 -Poland declares independence 1918 -Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front) 1918 -Germany surrenders ending WW I, Allies & Germany sign armistice 1919 -Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political/business views 1921 -Pres Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Arlington Cemetary) 1922 -Largest US flag displayed (150' X 90') expanded in 1939 (270' X 90') 1923 -Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph 1924 -Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC 1924 -Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated (SF) 1925 -Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD 1925 -Louis Armstrong records 1st of Hot Five & Hot Seven recordings 1925 -Night of Kersten - Colijn Dutch govt falls by SGP-amendement 1925 -Robert Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays 1926 -Eddie Collins is released as White Sox manager 1926 -U.S. Route 66 is established. 1928 -France's 5th govt of Poincaré forms 1928 -KXO-AM in El CentroCA begins radio transmissions 1928 -WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions 1928 -WMT-AM in Cedar RapidsIA begins radio transmissions 1928 -WOL-AM in WashingtonDC begins radio transmissions 1930 -Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator. 1931 -Cornerstones laid for Opera House & Veteran's Building 1933 -"Great Black Blizzard" 1st great dust storm in Great Plains 1934 -1st penalty shot vs Toronto Maple Leafs, Mondou (Mont) unsuccessful 1934 -WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM 1935 -Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over SD 1937 -Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph 1937 -Nobel prize for physics awarded to C J Davisson & GP Thomson 1938 -German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi 1938 -Kristallnacht; Jews forced to wear Star of David 1939 -Kate Smith 1st sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" 1940 -1,000s Paris students lay reath at Grave of Unknown Soldier 1940 -Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100 1940 -British air attack destroys half of Italian fleet 1940 -Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep") 1941 -Czech premier general Eliasjarrested by nazis 1942 --12] last German offensive in Stalingrad 1942 -745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz 1942 -During WW II Germany completes their occupation of France 1942 -Jews in Free Zone of France ordered to wear yellow star of David 1942 -Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
1942 -Transport nr 45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany 1943 -Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP 1943 -US air raid on Rabaul 1944 -NY Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4) 1946 -NY Knicks' 1st game at Madison Sq Garden loses 78-68 to Chic Stags 1949 -WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast 1953 -Jimmy Dykes succeeds Marty Marion as Baltimore Orioles manager 1957 -Demolition begins on cable car barn at Calif & Hyde (SF) 1958 -"La Plume de Ma Tante" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 835 perfs 1958 -AL announces Kansas City will play AL record 52 night games in 1959 1959 -1st episode of "Rocky & His Friends" airs 1959 -Seals Stadium in San Francisco, demolished 1960 -Largest NY Knick 49th St MSG crowd-18,499 1961 -Adulterous couple up mestkar through Staphorst riding 1961 -Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots 1961 -Molotov, Malenkov & Kaganovitsj kicked out of Russia's comm party 1961 -Stalingrad renamed Volgograd 1962 -Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait. 1963 -Brian Epstein & Ed Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for Beatles 1963 -Gordie Howe ties Rocket Richard's lifetime 544 goal record 1964 -Murray Schisgal's "Luv," premieres in NYC 1965 -Heavyweight Cassius Clay KOs Floyd Patterson in Las Vegas 1965 -Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian D Smith 1965 -William Alfred's "Hogan's Goat," premieres in NYC 1966 -Gemini 12 (Lovell & Aldrin) launched on 4-day flight 1966 -Methodist Church & Evangelical United Brethren Church unite as United Methodist Church 1966 -NASA launches spaceship Gemini 12. 1968 -John Lennon & Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of "2 Virgins" album 1968 -Maldives (in Indian Ocean) become a republic 1968 -Ron Hill sets record 10-mile run (46:44) at Leicester England 1969 -Beatles with Billy Preston release "Get Back" in UK 1969 -Jim Morrison arrested on an airplane by FBI for drunkeness 1970 -Balt Oriole Boog Powell wins AL MVP 1971 -Man-made earthslide at Kawasaki Japan, kills 15 1971 -Neil Simons "prisoner of Second Avenue," premieres in NYC 1972 -Dow Jones Index moves above 1,000 for 1st time 1972 -US Army turns over Long Bihn base to South Vietnamese army 1975 -Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day) 1975 -Australian PM removed by crown (1st elected PM removed in 200 yrs) 1977 -Wings release "Mull of Kintyre" & "Girl's School" 1978 -Maumoon Abdul Gayoom becomes president of Maldives 1979 -Boston Court issues occupancy permit for Cambridge Buddhist Center 1980 -Crew of Soyuz 35 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 37 1980 -Islander's Mike Bossy scores 4 goals against North Stars 1981 -"Oh, Brother!" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 3 performances 1981 -Fernando Valenzuela is 1st rookie ever to win a Cy Young Award 1982 -30th time Islanders shut-out-2-0 vs North Stars 1982 -5th space shuttle mission-Columbia 5-launched 1st coml flight 1982 -Gas explosion in Israeli army headquarters by Tyrus; kills 60 1982 -Joe Altobelli succeeds retiring Earl Weaver as Oriole manager 1982 -Solidarity leader Lech Walesa is let out of jail in Poland 1983 -1st US cruise missiles arrive in Great Britain 1983 -Pres Reagan became 1st US pres to address Japan's legislature 1983 -Wayne Phillips scores 159 on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan at WACA 1984 -"3 Musketeers" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 9 performances 1985 -1st AIDS theme TV movie - "An Early Frost" 1985 -Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB 1985 -Yonkers is found guilty of segregating schools & housing 1986 -Houston's Astro Mike Scott (18-10) wins NL Cy Young Award 1986 -Suriname government proclaims gold purification 1987 -"Roza" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 12 performances 1987 -Judge Anthony M Kennedy nominated to Supreme Court 1987 -Moscow party secretary Boris Jerusalem resigns 1987 -Roger Clemens wins consecutive Cy Young Awards 1987 -Van Gogh's "Irises" sells for record $53.6 M at auction 1988 -Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science 1989 -"Prince of Central Park" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 4 perfs 1989 -Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson 1990 -"Shadowlands" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 169 perfs 1990 -Calif's Chuck Finley & Seattle's Randy Johnson combine to pitch a no-hitter in exhibition game between US & Japanese all-star teams 1992 -Anglican Church & Church of England OK female priests 1993 -Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 2 days for fractured shoulder 1994 -Bill Gates buys Leonardo da Vinci's "Codex" for $30,800,000 1994 -Progress M-25 launched to space station Mir 1996 -Braves John Smoltz wins NL Cy Young Award 1997 -CBS News anchor Dan Rather has renewed his contract to 2002 1997 -Roger Clemens wins his 4th AL Cy Young Award 1997 -WNBA expands to Detroit & Washington DC 1999 -Last upside down date until January 1, 6000 2000 -In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel. 2001 -Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off. 2004 -New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington. 2004 -Yasser Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later. 2006 -The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army. 2008 -The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) set sail on her final voyage to Dubai.