324 -Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. 401 -St Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1055 -Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad 1154 -King Henry II of England crowned 1551 -Dutch west coast hit by hurricane 1562 -Battle at Dreux: Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé captured 1686 -Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Defoe) 1688 -King James II's wife & son flee to France 1696 -Jean-Francois Regnard's "Le Joueur," premieres in Paris 1732 -Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack" 1776 -Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls" 1777 -Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter 1783 -English govt of Pitt Jr forms 1788 -Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam 1795 -1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky 1823 -Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law 1828 -South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws 1835 -HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin approaches NZ 1842 -US recognizes independence of Hawaii 1843 -Charles Dickens publishes "A Christmas Carol," in England 1854 -Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams 1859 -Grading started for Market Street RR 1861 -Battle of Black Water 1862 -Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties) 1867 -Victims of "Angola Horror" burned to death (Angola NY) 1871 -Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper 1881 -Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels) 1884 -Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 1887 -Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw 1888 -Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa 1889 -Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii 1890 -Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG) 1891 -1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore 1891 -Canadian Rugby Union forms 1894 -Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113 1903 -Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan 1904 -Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905 1907 -239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Penn 1907 -Gas explosion at Jacobs Creek Pa, coal mine kills 239 1910 -1st city ordinace requiring white & black residential areas (Balt) 1910 -Rayon 1st commercially produced, Marcus Hook, Penn 1913 -Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for hw boxing title 1916 -Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo 1917 -1st NHL game played on artificial ice (Toronto) 1917 -Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game 1918 -Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe) 1919 -American Meteorological Society found 1920 -1st US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass) 1920 -King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite. 1922 -Mrs Theres Vaughn, 24, confessed in court to being married 62 times 1924 -Test Cricket debut of Bill Ponsford, who scored 110 in 1st innings 1924 -The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England. 1928 -1st autogiro (predecessor of helicopter) flight in US 1930 -James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP 1931 -Bradman scores 112 Australia v South Africa at cricket SCG 1931 -Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia 1932 -British Broadcasting Corp begins transmitting overseas 1933 -Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized 1934 -Japan agress to fleet treaty of 1922 & 1930 1939 -Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa 1941 -German submarine U-574 sinks 1941 -Hitler takes complete command of German Army 1941 -US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II 1943 -Military coup in Bolivia 1945 -Austrian Republic re-establishes 1945 -Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot," premieres in Paris 1946 -Noel Cowards musical "Pacific 1860," premieres in London 1946 -War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi 1948 -2nd political action of Java/Sumatra 1948 -8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3") 1948 -Cleveland Browns beats Buffalo Bills 49-7 in AAFC championship game 1948 -Phila Eagles shutout Chicago Cards 7-0 in NFL championship game 1949 -Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Garelock Scotland 1949 -WJW TV channel 8 in Cleveland, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting 1950 -Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander 1950 -Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion 1951 -Nazi General Christiansen leaves Nethe 1952 -Queen Juliana unveals statue "Docker" 1953 -KFYR TV channel 5 in Bismarck, ND (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting 1955 -Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes" 1957 -"Music Man" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1375 performances 1958 -1st radio broadcast from space (Pres Eisenhower voice "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere") 1959 -1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0 1960 -Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Bkln (50 die) 1960 -Frank Sinatra's 1st session with Reprise Records (Ring-A-Ding-Ding) 1960 -Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight 1961 -British govt begins decimal coin system 1961 -Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization 1962 -Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland 1962 -Street signs in Golden Gate Park approved by Park Commission 1962 -Transit 5A1, 1st operational navigational satellite, launched 1963 -Zanzibar becomes independent from UK 1965 -French president De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%) 1967 -Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead. 1968 -WCWB (now WMGT) TV channel 41 in Macon, GA (NBC) begins broadcasting 1969 -Beatle's 7th Christmas album is released 1971 -"Inner City" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 97 performances 1971 -CBS airs "Homecoming A Christmas Story," (introducing the Waltons) 1971 -NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp 1971 -Stanley Kubrick's X-rated "A Clockwork Orange" premieres
1972 -Apollo 17 (last of Apollo Moon landing series) returns to Earth 1973 -"Molly" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 68 performances 1973 -Grenada adopts constitution 1974 -"Man With Golden Gun" premieres in US 1974 -Dave Kryskow scores Washington Capitals 1st NHL shorthanded goal 1974 -Nelson A Rockefeller sworn-in as 41st VP 1975 -John Paul Stevens becomes a Supreme Court Justice 1975 -Ron Wood joined the Rolling Stones 1976 -Jo Ann Washam/Chi Chi Rodriguez wins Pepsi-Cola Mixed Team Golf Champ 1976 -John Lever takes 7-46 in 1st Test Cricket innings, v India Delhi 1976 -Pres Brezhnev receives his 5th Lenin order 1976 -Piper Cherokee crashes into Balt Memorial Stadium upper stands, 10 minutes after Colts lose 40-14 to Steelers. No one seriously hurt 1977 -Dutch govt of Van Agt/Wiegel forms 1978 -France performs nuclear test 1978 -Indira Gandhi ambushed in India 1980 -Anguilla becomes a British dependency separate from St Kitts 1980 -Iran requests $24 billion in US guarantees to free hostages 1980 -Mutaual Broadcasting cancels Sears Radio Theater 1981 -Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas. 1983 -The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro. 1984 -China PR Premier Zhao Ziyang & Margaret Thatcher sign Hong Kong Treaty 1984 -China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC 1984 -Fire at Wilberg Mine in central Utah killed 27 people 1984 -Scotty Bowman becomes NHL's all time winningest coach 1984 -UK signs agreement with China to return Hong Kong to China in 1997 1984 -Wayne Gretzky, 23, is 18th & youngest NHL-er to score 1,000 points 1985 -"Wind in the Willows" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 4 perfs 1985 -Mary Lund is 1st woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart 1985 -STS 61-C scrubbed at T -13s because of SRB auxiliary power problem 1986 -USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile 1986 -Jack Morris agrees to salary arbitration with former team Tigers & accuses owners of collusion against free agency 1986 -Michael Sergio, who parachuted into Shea Stadium during game 6 of the World Series, sentenced to 100 hrs of community service & fined $500 1987 -Bruins' Linseman & Blues' Doug Gilmore score goals, 2 seconds apart 1987 -Gari Kasparov becomes world chess champ 1988 -NASA unviels plans for lunar colony & manned missions to Mars 1988 -Oklahoma's College football team gets 3 year probation 1988 -Unexploded WW II bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated 1989 -American Airlines purchases Eastern Airline's Latin American route 1989 -Larry Bird (Celtics) begins NBA free throw streak of 71 games 1991 -"Christmas Carol" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 14 perfs 1991 -6,000th episode of One Life To Live 1991 -Boris Yeltsin takes control of Kremlin 1991 -NY Yankee pitcher Steve Howe arrested for cocaine possession 1993 -"Red Shoes" closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 5 performances 1993 -Guinee general Lansana re-elected president 1994 -Rolls-Royce announces its future cars will feature V12 engine which will be produced by BMW. 1995 -Queen Elizabeth askes Prince Charles & Diana to divorce 1996 -"Once Upon a Matress," opens at Broadhurst NYC for 187 performances 1997 -MTV drops video "Smack My Bitch Up" by Prodigy 1998 -Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate. 2000 -The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three. 2001 -A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia. 2001 -Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots - Riots erupt in Buenos Aires after Domingo Cavallo's corralito measures restrict the withdrawal of cash from bank deposits. 2007 -The Lakotah people, a Native American tribe, proclaim independence and withdraw all their treaties with the United States. They then proceed to establish the Republic of Lakotah, with an ongoing process of international recognition as a separate country.