533 -Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron. 687 -St Sergius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Conon 1124 -Chancellor Haimeric selects pope (Lamberto becomes Honorius II) 1167 -Sicilian chancellor Stephen du Perche moves the royal court to Messina to prevent a rebellion. 1256 -Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia. 1467 -Stephen III of Moldavia defeats Matthias Corvinus of Hungary, with the latter being injured thrice, at the Battle of Baia. 1488 -Bartholomeus Diaz returns to Portugal after sailing round Cape of Good Hope 1569 -Westmoreland flees to Scotland 1582 -Leidse university names Rembert Dodoens prof of botany/medicine 1582 -Spanish Netherlands/Denmark/Norway adopt Gregorian calendar 1586 -Laevinus Torrentius, becomes bishop of Antwerp 1593 -State of Holland grants patent on windmill with crankshaft 1612 -Simon Marius, is 1st to observe Andromeda galaxy through a telescope 1640 -Duke of Braganca crowned King Johan IV of Portugal 1660 -Philippines: Andres Malongs rebels plunders Bagnotan 1664 -English colonizing Connecticut 1667 -Brandenburg declares himself neutral in Devolutie War 1680 -Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal 1688 -Lord Delamere sides with King James II [NS 12/25] 1745 -Battle at Kesseldorf: Prussia beats Saksen & Austria 1791 -1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania 1791 -Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gave its approval 1792 -1st life insurance policy issued in US (Phila) 1794 -Revolutionary Tribunal abolished in France 1810 -1st Irish magazine in US, Shamrock, is published 1811 -Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri 1815 -Rossini gets assignment for Il barbiere di Siviglia 1820 -1st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston 1836 -Patent Office burns in Wash, DC 1854 -1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia 1859 -GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun 1863 -Skirmish at Bean's Station, Tennessee (Knoxville Campaign) 1863 -Romania is using for the first time a mountain railway (from Anina to Oravita). 1864 -Battle of Nashville, TN 1864 -Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon & Glade Springs, VA 1868 -Shogunate rebels found EzoRepublic in Hokkaidō. 1874 -1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant 1877 -Thomas Edison patents phonograph 1891 -James Naismith invents basketball (Canada) 1893 -Dvoráks "From the New World" premieres at Carnegie Hall NYC 1894 -Cricket day 2 1st T Aus v Eng Aus 586 (Gregory 201) England 3-130 1899 -Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army) 1905 -The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin 1909 -Thomas J Lynch becomes president of baseball's National League 1913 -Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. 1914 -Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow 1914 -British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea 1914 -Swedish troops over run Belgrade in Austria-Hungary 1916 -French defeat Germans in WW I Battle of Verdun 1917 -Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia 1917 -World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Bolshevik government and the Central Powers. 1918 -American Jewish Congress holds it's 1st meeting 1919 -Edna St Vincent Millay's "Aria da Capo," premieres in NYC 1919 -Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence 1922 -IVVV (association) peace congress on war forms in Hague 1925 -1st hockey game at Madison Sq Garden, Mont Candiens 3, NY Americans 1 1925 -1st road with a depressed trough (Texas) opens to traffic 1926 -Facist national symbol elevated in Italy 1927 -Ed Hickman kidnaps child he later beheads 1929 -Walter Mittelholzer flies as 1st about the Kilimanjaro 1930 -Don Bradman takes his 1st Test Cricket wicket (Ivan Barrow, WI, lbw) 1933 -Baseball owners agree to ban Sunday doubleheaders until after June 15 1934 -Fokker F18 Snip flies to Neth West Indies 1935 -Detroit Lions win NFL championship 1935 -Max Euwe becomes world champ chess beating Alexander Aljechin 1936 -KVL-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KEEN (now KING) 1938 -Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Wash DC 1939 -"Gone With the Wind" premieres in Atlanta 1939 -1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford, Delaware 1939 -Snip departs for 1st flight to Paramaribo/Curacao 1941 -Gas/electrical use restricted in Holland 1941 -German submarine U-127 sinks 1941 -Nazi's transfers 100 Czech citizens/Heinrich Himmler falls faint 1941 -North Africa: allied assault up Italians Gazala-posing 1941 -USS Swordfish becomes 1st US sub to sink a Japanese ship 1941 -The American Federation of Labor adopts a no-strike policy in war industries. 1942 -Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs 1944 -Bandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel 1944 -Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms 1944 -US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star 1944 -US troops lands on Mindoro 1945 -John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest 1946 -Chic Bears beat NY Giants 24-14 in NFL championship game 1946 -Giants Filchock & Hapes suspended by NFL, didn't report bribe attempt 1948 -Former state dept official Alger Hiss indicted in NYC for perjury 1949 -Albert Camus' "Les Justes" premieres in Paris 1950 -Ezzard Charles KOs Nick Barone to retain heavyweight boxing title 1950 -NYC's Port Authority opens 1952 -"Two's Company" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 90 performances 1952 -Christine Jorgenson is 1st person to undergo a sex-change operation 1952 -KHON TV channel 2 in Honolulu, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting 1952 -Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientales Ecclesias 1953 -WJHG TV channel 7 in Panama City, FL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting 1954 -Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons 1954 -Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands 1956 -Emergency crisis in North Ireland proclaimed after IRA strikes 1956 -KGW TV channel 8 in Portland, OR (NBC) begins broadcasting 1956 -WRAL TV channel 5 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (CBS) begins broadcasting 1959 -Everly Brothers record "Let It Be Me" 1960 -King Boudouin of Belgium marries dona Fabiola de Mora y Aragon
1961 -Adolf Eichmann convicted of crimes against humanity in Israel 1961 -Equal access rule, political parties get TV broadcasting time 1961 -JFK visits Puerto Rico 1961 -L J Suenens appointed archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels 1962 -Vaughn Meader's "1st Family," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 12 wks 1964 -1st time 4 people in space 1964 -American Radio Relay League (organization for hams) founded 1964 -Canada adopts maple leaf flag 1965 -3rd cyclone of year kills another 15,000 at mouths of Ganges River 1965 -Bangladesh windstorm kills 10,000 1965 -D Heneker & J Taylor's musical "Charlie Girl," premieres in London 1965 -Gemini 6 launched; makes 1st rendezvous in space (with Gemini 7) 1965 -Queen Juliana opens Zeeland Bridge to Oosterschelde 1965 -William Eckert replaces Ford Frick as 4th commissioner of baseball 1966 -"Joyful Noise" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 12 performances 1966 -Audouin Dollfus discovers 10th satellite of Saturn, Janus 1966 -John W Mecom Jr becomes 1st owner of New Orlean Saints 1967 -Beatles release "Christmas Time is Here Again" 1967 -Joe Garagiola joins Today Show panel 1967 -Silver Bay bridge (Oh-WV) collapes during afternoon rush hr, 34 die 1967 -The Silver Bridge collapses, killing 46 people. 1969 -Plastic Ono Band, play their only concert at London's Lyceum Ballroom 1969 -SF Fire Dept replaces leather helmets with plastic ones 1970 -Ferryboat capsized in Korean Strait drowning 261 1970 -S Korean ferry Namyong-Ho sinks in Strait of Korea, 308 killed 1970 -Soviet Venera 7 is 1st spacecraft to land on another planet (Venus) 1970 -Illinois State Constitution is adopted at a special election. 1971 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1973 -American Psychiatric Assn declares homosexuality is not mental illness 1973 -Golf Resort (Disney Inn) opens 1973 -Pirates of Caribbean ride opens at Disneyland 1973 -Sandy Hawley becomes 1st jockey to win 500 races in 1 year 1973 -Tennessee beats Temple 11-6 in low scoring NCAA basketball game 1973 -US Psychiatrist say homosexuals are not mentally ill 1974 -A's Catfish Hunter is ruled a free agent (later signs with Yankees) 1976 -Argo Merchant tanker off Massachusetts' SE coast, spills 7.6 m gallons of crude when ship ran aground 1976 -Jamaica premier Manley wins elections 1976 -Samoa becomes a member of the UN. 1978 -Saint Maarten Patriotic Movement (SPM) forms under W James 1978 -Test Cricket debut of Malcolm Marshall, v India at Bangalore 1979 -Deposed Shah of Iran leaves US for Panama 1979 -World Court in Hague rules Iran should relase all US hostages 1980 -NY Yankee Dave Winfield becomes highest-paid player, 10 years $15M 1980 -Premier Queddei troops conquers Chad capital N'djamena 1980 -ZBZ Sangha registered after 5 yrs of administrative hassles in Warsaw 1981 -4th Emmy Sports Award presentation 1981 -NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 503 1982 -Bill Parcells becomes 12th head coach of NY Giants 1982 -Roy Williams, Teamsters pres, & 4 others convicted of bribery 1982 -Sao Tome & Principe constitution approved 1982 -Spain reopens border with Gibraltar 1983 -3 KC Royals suspended due to cocaine usage 1983 -Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via El Paso, Kelly AFB 1983 -Last 80 US combat soldiers in Grenada withdrew 1983 -Wendy Wasserstein's "Isn't It Romantic," premieres in NYC 1984 -USSR launches Vega 1 for rendezvous with Halley's Comet 1985 -Sylvester Stallone & Brigitte Nielson wed 1986 -150 killed during race riot in Karachi 1986 -CIA director William Casey suffers a cerebral seizure 1986 -Carnegie Hall reopens after a $50 million facelift 1987 -"Les Miserables" opens at Shubert Theatre, Boston 1988 -Lori Davis of Long Island sues Mike Tyson for grabbing her buttocks 1990 -Rocker Rod Stewart marries super model Rachel Hunter 1991 -"Nick & Nora" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 9 performances 1991 -Deb Richard wins JBP Cup LPGA Match Play Golf Championship 1992 -Arthur Ashe is named Sports Illustrated Sportman of Year 1992 -WNew AM (1130) NYC resigns air, replaced by WBBR 1993 -C-130 flies into a Philippines hill & explodes, 16 killed 1993 -Haitian premier Robert Malval resigns 1993 -John Williams final appearance as conductor of Boston Pops 1993 -Lee Aspen resigns as secretary of defense 1993 -Y-12 crashes at Phonesavanh, Laos: 18 killed 1993 -British premier Major/Irish premier Reynolds signs Downing Street Declaration concerning Northern Ireland self determination 1994 -"Tuna Christmas" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 20 performances 1994 -John Bruton becomes Ireland's premier 1994 -Liberia militia kills 48 inhabitants of Monrovia 1994 -Palau becomes a member of the UN. 1995 -Playboy goes back on sale after 36 year ban in Ireland 1995 -The European Communities Court of Justice hands down the "Bosman ruling", giving EU footballers the right to a free transfer at the end of their contracts, with the provision that they are transferring from one UEFA Federation to another. 1996 -Dottie Pepper & Juli Inkster win LPGA Diner's Club Golf Matches 1996 -Jim Colbert & Bob Murphy wins Diner's Club Senior PGA Golf Matches 1996 -Tom Lehman & Duffy Waldoff wins Diner's Club PGA Golf Matches 1997 -SF 49ers retire Joe Montana's #16 2001 -The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean. 2005 -Latvia amends its constitution to eliminate possibility of same-sex couples being entitled to marry. 2005 -Argentina's president Néstor Kirchner announces the early repayment of its external debt to the IMF. 2005 -Introduction of the F-22 Raptor into USAF active service. 2005 -The 2005 Atlantic Power Outage began. 2006 -First flight of the F-35 Lightning II.