676 -Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II 1327 -King Alfonso IV of Aragon crowned 1355 -English invasion army under king Edward lands at Calais 1418 -Utrecht conquerors Ijsselstein 1532 -Zealand/South Holland flooded 1570 -A tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1,000 people. 1642 -2nd battle at Breitenfeld Saksen: Sweden beat Ferdinand III 1648 -12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia 1675 -A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War. 1712 -Suriname govt gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800 1722 -Willem KH Friso (11) appointed viceroy of Gelderland 1749 -English Ohio Trade Company forms 1st trade post 1772 -Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms 1783 -Gen Washington bids farewell to his army 1811 -Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen Jackson vs indians 1813 -Treaty of Fulda 1824 -Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Jackson beats J Q Adams 1835 -2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola 1841 -Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan 1851 -Louis Napoleon takes power in France 1852 -Franklin Pierce elected as president of US 1854 -Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont & Kearny starts 1861 -American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter. 1868 -Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally 1875 -Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast 1879 -In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km 1880 -James A Garfield (R) elected president 1881 -Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms 1889 -North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state 1892 -Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands 1895 -29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11½ 1898 -French government-Dupuy forms 1898 -Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem 1898 -Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team. 1899 -Boers begin siege of Ladysmith Natal 1903 -Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC 1903 -New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC 1904 -British newspaper, "Daily Mirror," begins publishing 1907 -Ottawa Mint Proclamation is published 1913 -St Louis Browns mgr George Stovall is 1st to jump to Federal League 1914 -Great Britain annexes Cyprus 1914 -Russia declares war on Turkey 1914 -V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl," premieres in NYC 1914 -Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire. 1915 -1st US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio 1916 -Ft Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France 1917 -1st US soldiers killed in combat in WW I 1917 -Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine 1917 -Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China 1920 -KDKA (Pittsburgh) goes on air as 1st commercial radio station 1920 -Warren G Harding elected president 1921 -Eugene O'Neill's "Anna Christie," premieres in NYC 1922 -Allies deliberate over German mark 1922 -Australian Qantas airways begins service 1923 -Bloody street battles in Aken: pro-French separatists 1923 -Bloody street fights in Aken (pro-French separatists driven) 1923 -Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down 1924 -Sunday Express publishes 1st British crossword puzzle 1928 -Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 1st Symphony, L Stokovski premieres in Phila 1930 -Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty 1931 -Warren, Dixon & Young's musical "Laugh Parade," premieres in NYC 1934 -Babe Ruth tours Tokyo Japan 1936 -1st high-definition TV broadcast service, by BBC in London 1936 -The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is established. 1937 -AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP 1938 -Babe Ruth applies for job of St Louis Browns' manager 1938 -Jimmie Foxx wins his 3rd AL MVP 1941 -German troops occupy Rostov 1942 -11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir 1942 -Montgomery (Br) defeats Rommel (G) in battle of Alamein Egypt (WW II) 1943 -Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed 1944 -Auschwitz begins gassing inmates 1944 -Canadian troops occupy Knokke 1944 -US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald 1947 -7th Ryder Cup: US wins 11-1 at Portland Golf Club (Portland, Oregon, US) 1947 -Howard Hughes' "Spruce Goose" flies for 1st (& last) time 1948 -Truman beats Dewey, confounding pollsters & newspapers 1948 -WJZ TV channel 13 in Baltimore, MD (ABC) begins broadcasting 1949 -Netherland recognizes Indonesia as a sovereign state 1949 -Textile/meat/cheese/rijstdistributie disbands 1950 -"Barrier" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 performances 1950 -Phillies reliever Jim Konstanty wins NL MVP 1953 -Pakistan becomes islamic republic 1954 -Charles C Diggs Jr elected Michigan's 1st black congressman 1954 -JS Thurmond is 1st senator elected by write-in vote (SC) 1954 -Taiwan & US sign military pact 1955 -Clarton-Schwerdt & Schaffer discover polio virus 1955 -David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli govt 1956 -Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion 1956 -Israel captures Gaza & Sheham 1957 -1st titanium mill opened, Toronto Ohio 1957 -The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, and remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history. 1959 -"Girls against the Boys" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 16 perfs 1959 -Charles Van Doren confesses, TV quiz show-"21," was fixed 1959 -The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway 1960 -Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 8th String quartet, premieres in Leningrad 1960 -George Weiss, at 66, resigns as GM of NY Yankees 1960 -Penguin Books publishes "Lady Chatterley's Lover" 1960 -Roger Maris nips Mickey Mantle as AL MVP, 225-222 1961 -"Kean" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 92 performances
1961 -Max Frisch' "Andorra," premieres in Zurich 1962 -JFK announces Cuban missile bases were being dismantled 1963 -"Tambourines to Glory" opens at Little Theater NYC for 24 performances 1963 -Only 1st-class cricket game played in Uganda, MCC v E African XI 1964 -CBS purchases 80% of Yanks for $11,200,000, later buys remaining 20% 1964 -Faisal succeeds Saudi as king of Saudi Arabia 1966 -KHSD TV channel 11 in Lead, SD (ABC) begins broadcasting 1966 -The Cuban Adjustment Act enters force, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States. 1968 -"Her First Roman" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 17 perfs 1969 -Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA River Plantation Women's Golf Open 1969 -NFL record of 12 passing touchdowns, New Orleans Billy Kramer & St L Charlie Johnson pass for 6 touchdowns each 1970 -Cleve Cavaliers lose by biggest margin-54 pts (Phila 141-87) 1971 -"Great Harp" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 7 performances 1971 -Orioles Pat Dobson no-hits Yomiuri Giants, 2-0 1972 -Construction begins on Kingdome, Seattle 1972 -Phillies' Steve Carlton wins unanimous NL Cy Young Award 1972 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1973 -"Barbra Streisand ...and Other Musical Instruments" airs on CBS TV 1973 -OLADE (Latin American Energy Organization) forms 1974 -Art Modell gets snowed in & misses his 1st Cleve Brown game in 33 yrs 1974 -Braves trade Hank Aaron to Milwaukee Brewers for OF Dave May 1974 -USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 1974 -78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started. 1975 -Ed Giacomin as a Red Wing returns to Mad Sq Garden beats Rangers 6-4 1975 -Summit in Houston opens - Rockets beat Milwaukee Bucks, 104-89 1976 -Jimmy Carter (D) defeats Gerald Ford (R) for president 1976 -NJ voters approve gambling for Atlantic City 1976 -SD Padre Randy Jones wins NL Cy Young 1977 -Phillies' Steve Carlton wins 2nd Cy Young Award 1978 -Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31 1978 -France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 1978 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1979 -Peter Shaffers musical "Amadeus," premieres in London 1982 -Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die 1982 -Nayoko Yoshikawa wins LPGA Pioneer Cup Golf Tournament 1983 -Abp Hickey conducts papal investigation of Abp Hunthausen, Seattle 1983 -Pres Reagan signs a bill establishing Martin L King day 1984 -France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 1984 -Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962. 1985 -Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Cozzene, Life's Magic, Pebbles, Precisionist, Proud Truth, Tasso, Twilight Ridge 1986 -16th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:28:06 1986 -17th NYC Marathon won by Gianni Poli in 2:11:06 1986 -Ayako Okamoto wins Nichirei Ladies Cup US-Japan Team Golf Championship 1987 -Entertainer Lola Falona is diagnosed with multiple schlerosis 1987 -Harrison releases "Cloud 9" & McCartney releases "All the Best" 1988 -1st Mrs America beauty pageant 1988 -Computers virus strikes Pentagon, SDI research lab & 6 universities 1988 -Mexican radio station erronously reports Mike Tyson dies in car crash 1988 -Walt Weiss wins AL rookie of year (3rd straight for Oakland A's) 1988 -The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, is launched from MIT. 1989 -"Meet Me in St Louis" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 253 perfs 1990 -1st NBA game at Target Center, Minn Timberwolves beat Mavericks 98-85 1991 -Jermaine Jackson releases "Word to the Badd!!" anti Michael song 1991 -Nevada makes biggest comeback in NCAA football history, overcoming a 35-pt deficit in the 3rd quarter & rallying to beat Weber State 55-49 1991 -Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Arazi, Black Tie Affair, Dance Smartly, Miss Alleged, Opening Verse, Pleasant Stage, Sheikh Albadou 1991 -Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople. 1992 -1st test flight of Airbus A330 1993 -1st commemorative bricks are laid at Bob Feller Memorial 1993 -Actor Roger Moore (James Bond) has his enlarge prostate removed 1993 -Christie Todd Whitman (R) elected 1st woman governor of NJ 1993 -Dow Jones hits record 3697.64 1993 -Ehud Olmert elected mayor of Jerusalem 1993 -Rudolph Guliani (R) elected 107th mayor of NYC 1994 -Benzine explosion in Dronka Egypt, 400+ killed 1995 -"Busker Alley," premieres at St James Theatre, NY 1995 -"Sacrilege" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 21 performances 1995 -Spanish Broadcasting System buys NY radio station WPAT-FM for $83.5M 1996 -"Hughie," closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC 1997 -"Barrymore," closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 240 performances 1997 -27th NYC Women Marathon won by Franziska Rochat-Moser of Switz 2:28:43 1997 -28th NYC Marathon won by John Kagwe of Kenya in 2:08:12 1997 -Ralphs Senior Golf Classic 1997 -Toray Japan Queens LPGA Cup 1997 -Typhoon Linda kills at least 208 in southern Vietnam 1997 -USA beats Japan 23-13 at LPGA Nichirei International 2000 -The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.