284 -Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 -Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire. 1168 -Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope 1194 -Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI. 1272 -Edward I proclaimed King of England 1342 -Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht 1347 -Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo beats nobles 1407 -A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy. 1431 -1st meeting of Order of Guilder Flies 1520 -Friesland hit by heavy hail storm 1521 -Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine 1583 -Duke of Parma conquerors Aalst 1616 -Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War 1637 -Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden 1695 -Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed. 1719 -Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm 1755 -English minister William Pitt Sr resigns 1759 --22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French 1780 -Britain declares war on Holland 1789 -New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights 1795 -Curacao govt forbids slave work on Sunday 1805 -Beethoven's "Fidelio," premieres in Vienna 1815 -2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies 1815 -Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Great Alliance 1817 -1st Seminole War begins in Florida 1829 -Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia 1833 -Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay 1852 -Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces," premieres in London 1861 -Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government. 1862 -Armies of Mississippi/Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee 1862 -Confederate army of Tennessee, organizes under Gen Braxton Bragg 1865 -Howard University forms in Washington DC 1866 -1st natl convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org) 1866 -Howard University founded (Wash, DC) 1866 -Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle 1873 -Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary 1888 -William Bundy patents timecard clock 1889 -Gustav Mahlers 1st Symphony 1890 -Pope Leo XIII encyclical On slavery in missions 1894 -US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua 1901 -Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris) 1902 -Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race 1906 -George Bernard Shaws "Doctor's Dilemma," premieres in London 1909 -Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game 1910 -Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero 1911 -Gustav Mahlers "Tie Song of the Erde" premieres in Munich 1914 -US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports 1915 -7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7 1917 -1st tank battle (Britain breaks through German lines) 1917 -Ukrainian Republic declared 1919 -1st municipally owned airport in US opens (Tucson Az) 1920 -Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US president W Wilson 1922 -Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale," premieres in NYC 1923 -Garrett Morgan invents & patents traffic signal 1923 -Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark 1928 -Boston Gardens opens, Mont Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0 1928 -WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions 1929 -1st broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio 1929 -Salvador Dali's 1st one-man show 1931 -Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T) 1932 -Earthquake at Uden Netherlands 1934 -Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's HR, Japan beats US 1-0 1934 -Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour," premieres in NYC 1934 -New Belgian govt of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers) 1934 -Tornoto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is 1st to score 4 goals in 1 period 1936 -Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad. 1938 -1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin) 1940 -German air raid on Birmingham fails 1940 -Hungary joins 3 Power pact 1940 -World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers. 1941 -Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note 1941 -German Q/pirate ship Kormoran sinks near Australia 1942 -26th Russian Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski 1942 -British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya 1942 -NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over 1942 -Soviet army offensive, 1 million Russians breach German lines 1943 -U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 1943 -US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island 1944 -1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines) 1944 -Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees 1944 -Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda 1945 -24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany 1945 -Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres 1945 -Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague 1946 -Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest," premieres in NYC 1947 -"Meet the Press" makes network TV debut on NBC 1947 -1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey) 1947 -Britain's Princess Elizabeth, marries Duke Philip Mountbatten 1947 -Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei 1947 -UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps 1948 -US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record) 1949 -Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000 1951 -Snowdonia becomes a National Park 1952 -Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP 1952 -George Axelrods "7 Year Itch," premieres in NYC 1952 -Prague show trial against 14 communists (9 Jewish) begin 1952 -Slánský trials - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia. 1953 -Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH) 1954 -KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting 1955 -Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
1955 -Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ 1957 -Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers," premieres in NYC 1959 -UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights 1959 -WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal 1961 -WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting 1962 -Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP 1962 -USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade 1964 -Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th/10th String Quartet premiers in Moscow 1965 -"Pickwick" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 56 performances 1965 -UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia 1965 -WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting 1966 -"Cabaret" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1166 performances 1966 -Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Success Golf Open 1966 -Dallas sacks Pittsburgh QBs an NFL record 12 times 1966 -Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage 1967 -At 11 AM, Census Clock at Dept of Commerce ticks past 200 million 1967 -Mets pitcher Tom Seaver (16-12) is named NL Rookie of Year 1968 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1969 -Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans 1969 -Gundappa Viswanath scores 137 on Test Cricket debut v Australia Kanpur 1969 -Pele scores his 1,000th soccer goal 1969 -SF Giant Willie McCovey edges Tom Seaver as NL MVP 1970 -UN General Assembly accepts membership of China PR 1971 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1974 -Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP 1974 -The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T 1975 -Ronald Reagan announced candidacy for Rep nomination for president 1976 -George Harrison appears on Saturday Night Live 1976 -Judy Rankin wins LPGA Colgate-Hong Kong Golf Open 1977 -Egyptian Pres Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset 1977 -Steve Largent begins NFL streak of 177 consecutive game receptions 1977 -Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL-record 275 yards 1979 -Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed 1979 -US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at U of Minn Hospital 1980 -Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Oakland A's) 1980 -Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight 1980 -UA withdraws $44 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for reediting 1981 -Anatoly Karpov, USSR retains world chess championship 1981 -Burundia adopts its constitution 1981 -El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive" 1981 -Ringo releases "Stop & Smell Roses" album 1982 -Drew Barrymore at age 7 hosts Saturday Night Live 1983 -"Marilyn: An American Fable" opens at Minskoff NYC for 16 perfs 1983 -100 million watch ABC-TV movie "Day After," about nuclear war 1983 -Cleveland Browns shutout Patriots 30-0 1983 -NY Giants Butch Woolfolk ties NFL record of 43 attempts rushing 1984 -McDonald's made its 50 billionth hamburger 1984 -Mets pitcher Dwight Gooden wins NL Rookie of Year 1984 -SETI is founded. 1985 -NY Yankee Don Mattingly easily wins AL MVP 1985 -Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released. 1986 -Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees 1986 -UN's WHO announces 1st global effort to combat AIDS 1988 -"Les Miserables," opens a Bus & Truck tour in Tampa 1989 -Milwaukee Brewers center fielder Robin Yount wins AL MVP 1990 -Oakland's Rickey Henderson wins AL MVP 1990 -Sacramento Kings last NBA win on the road for over a year 1990 -Thatcher fails to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership 1990 -US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space 1991 -Atlanta Braves Terry Pendleton wins NL MVP 1992 -"Malcolm X" premieres 1992 -Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire 1993 -Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed 1993 -Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Robin Romeo 1993 -Winnie Mandela's driver/bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg 1993 -Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating. 1994 -"Flying Karamzov Brothers..." opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 50 perfs 1994 -"Shadow Box" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 49 performances 1994 -Kosmos 2294/2295/2296 launches 1994 -Patti Davis weds Paul Hayeland 1994 -The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year). 1995 -"Beatles' Anthology, Vol 1" released 1995 -"Racing Demon" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 48 perfs 1995 -FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC 1995 -Princess Di admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview 1995 -STS 74 (Atlantis 15), lands 1997 -"Ivanov," opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 51 performances 1997 -Flyers Eric Lindros tries to bite San Jose defenseman Marty McSorley 1997 -Last original Florida Marlin, Jeff Conine, traded to KC Royals 1997 -Mavericks' A C Green sets NBA record of 907 consecutive games played 1997 -NY Islanders lose, beginning a 10 game losing streak 1998 -A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. 1998 -The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched. 2001 -In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the RobertF.KennedyJusticeBuilding, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday. 2003 -After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate. 2008 -After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.