The Maya calendar is a system of distinct calendars and almanacs used by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and by some modern Maya communities in highland Guatemala. These calendars can be synchronized and interlocked, their combinations giving rise to further, more extensive cycles. The essentials of the Maya calendric system are based upon a system which had been in common use throughout the region, dating back to at least the 6th century BC. It shares many aspects with calendars employed by other earlier Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Zapotec and Olmec, and contemporary or later ones such as the Mixtec and Aztec calendars. Although the Mesoamerican calendar did not originate with the Maya, their subsequent extensions and refinements of it were the most sophisticated. Along with those of the Aztecs, the Maya calendars are the best-documented and most completely understood. By the Maya mythological tradition, as documented in Colonial Yucatec accounts and reconstructed from Late Classic and Postclassic inscriptions, the deity Itzamna is frequently credited with bringing the knowledge of the calendar system to the ancestral Maya, along with writing in general and other foundational aspects of Maya culture.
69 -Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, emperor 366 -The Alamanni cross the frozen RhineRiver in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire. 533 -John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1235 -Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names 1492 -Spain recaptures Granada from the Moors (Granada Day) 1570 -Tsar Ivan the Terrible march to Novgorod begins 1585 -Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville 1602 -Battle at Kinsale, Ireland: English army beats Spanish 1602 -Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English at Kinsdale 1678 -Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva" 1757 -British troops occupy Calcutta India 1776 -1st revolutionary flag displayed 1776 -Austria ends interregation torture 1788 -Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution 1790 -Mozart's opera "Cosi fan tutti" premieres, Vienna 1791 -Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War. 1800 -Free black community of Phila petitions Congress to abolish slave 1811 -US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US) 1814 -Lord Byron completes "The Corsair" 1818 -Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto) 1818 -The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded. 1831 -Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston 1832 -1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens 1833 -Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands. 1839 -1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre) 1842 -1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn 1843 -Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Holländer" premieres, Dresden 1861 -SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor 1861 -Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia 1863 -Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends 1870 -Construction of Brooklyn Bridge begins 1871 -King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25 1879 -1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG 1879 -British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die 1879 -Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education 1879 -Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill 1881 -Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres 1882 -Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust 1885 -Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of Gen Gordon in Khartoum 1890 -Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer 1890 -Record 19'2" alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny 1893 -1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued 1893 -World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501] 1896 -Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops) 1900 -E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal) 1900 -Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris 1900 -John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China. 1903 -Pres T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black 1905 -Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Perrine 1905 -Japanese troops capture Port Arthur 1905 -The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms. 1908 -Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa 1909 -1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50) 1910 -1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley Calif) 1911 -Bkln Dodgers pres Charles Ebbets announces purchase of grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000 1913 -National Woman's Party forms 1914 -Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven 1917 -Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank 1918 -Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux 1918 -NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down 1919 -Anti-British uprising in Ireland 1919 -Lithuania gains independence 1920 -10,000 US union & socialist organizers arrested (Palmer Raids) 1921 -1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh 1921 -DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens 1923 -Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995) 1925 -Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR) 1929 -US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls 1932 -Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri 1933 -Bradman scores 103* against the Bodyline attack in the 2nd Test 1933 -Bruins beat Rangers in NY 13-3 1933 -Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th) 1933 -US troops leave Nicaragua 1934 -1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania 1934 -Bradman scores 253 NSW v Queensland, 204 mins, 29 fours 4 sixes 1935 -Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby 1936 -1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Mo 1936 -Bradman scores 357 for SA v Vic, 424 minutes, 40 fours 1938 -Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded 1939 -Bradman scores 107 SA v Victoria, his 4th consecutive century 1941 -World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales. 1941 -World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort. 1942 -28 nations, at war with Axis, pledge no separate peace 1942 -German troops in Bardia surrender 1942 -Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines 1942 -The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey. 1944 -1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol) 1945 -Allied air raid on Neurenberg 1945 -George Bush (pres 1989) & Barbara Pierce wed [or January 6] 1945 -Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955 1945 -Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion 1947 -Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali 1948 -WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins 1949 -KDKA TV channel 2 in Pittsburgh, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting 1949 -Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico. 1951 -Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC 1952 -"Pal Joey" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 542 performances 1953 -NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a 32 game road losing streak 1954 -Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC 1955 -1st "Bob Cummings Show" premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
1955 -Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated. 1956 -Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections 1958 -Dmitri Shostakovitch' 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY 1959 -Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista flees 1959 -USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit 1960 -1st redshank old world shore bird reported in N America (Halifax) 1960 -John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years 1960 -Roger Sessions' 4th Symphony, premieres 1960 -Senator John F Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency 1961 -1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 1961 -Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale 1962 -Nighttime version of "Password" with Allen Ludden premieres on CBS 1964 -Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan 1964 -Failed assassination attempt on president Nkrumah of Ghana 1965 -Martin Luther King Jr begins a drive to register black voters 1965 -NY Jets sign quarterback Joe Namath 1965 -Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day 1966 -1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion 1966 -Green Bay Packers beat Cleve Browns 23-12 in NFL championship game 1968 -"Zizi" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 49 performances 1968 -Christian Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant 1968 -KBHK TV channel 44 in San Francisco, CA (IND) begins broadcasting 1969 -"Fig Leaves Are Falling" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 perfs 1969 -"Soviet Sport" calls Emile Zatopek a public enemy 1969 -Lorraine Hansberry's "To be Young, Gifted & Black," premieres in NYC 1969 -Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico. 1969 -Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. 1970 -Dutch premiere of musical "Hair" in Amsterdam 1970 -US population is 293,200,000; Black population: 22,600,000 (11.1%) 1971 -A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66 1972 -"Rothschilds" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 505 perfs 1972 -Dallas Cowboys beat SF '49ers 14-3 in NFC championship game 1972 -Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars 1972 -Miami Dolphins beat Balt Colts 21-0 in AFC championship game 1974 -55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon 1974 -Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres 1975 -US Dept of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species 1977 -Bowie Kuhn suspends Braves owner Ted Turner for one year due to tampering charges in Gary Matthews free-agency signing 1978 -Bulent Ecevit forms govt in Turkey 1978 -Rhino Records releases their 1st album "Wildmania" 1979 -30th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 9-0 vs Vancouver 1979 -Gavaskar gets twin tons for India for the third time (v WI) 1979 -Sid Vicious' trial for murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen begins 1980 -68th Australian Men Tennis: Guillermo Vilas beat John Sadri (76 63 62) 1981 -Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 200 m butterfly (2:05.65) 1981 -Sylvester Clarke knocks out spectator with brick, WI v Pakistan 1982 -"Camelot" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 48 performances 1982 -70th Australian Mens Tennis: Johan Kriek beats S Denton (62 76 67 64) 1982 -Islanders start 23 undefeated home streak (21-0-2) 14 straight wins 1982 -SD Chargers beat Miami Dolphins, 41-38 in 13:52 of OT 1983 -"Annie" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 2,377 performances 1983 -"Sophisticated Ladies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 767 perfs 1983 -Don Muraco beats Pedro Morales to become WWF Intercontinental Champ 1983 -Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury" 1983 -Ken Anderson of Cincinnati completes record 20 consecutive passes 1984 -Darryl Cullinan, 16, scores his 1st first-class cricket century 1984 -Miami beats Nebraska in Orange Bowl for college football championship 1984 -Riot in Tunis kills over 100 1984 -Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Phila's 1st black mayor 1985 -90th hat trick in Islander history-Brent Sutter 1985 -Australia beat WI by innings at SCG, Bob Holland 10 match wkts 1985 -Egyptian Pres Mubarak reappoints Coptic pope Shenuda III 1985 -Nevada-Las Vegas beats Utah 142-140, highest college basketball score 1985 -Undefeated BYU becomes college football champions 1986 -191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange 1986 -NY Islander, Mike Bossy, scores his 500th goal 1987 -Penn State upsets Miami in Fiesta Bowl for college football champ 1987 -Troops of Chad President Habré conquer Fada oasis 1988 -Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Penn 1988 -Mulroney & Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement 1989 -Notre Dame beats West Virginia for college football championship 1989 -UCLA wins a record 7th consecutive bowl game 1990 -Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15) 1990 -Sting joins wrestlings 4 Horsemen (Flair, Arn Anderson, Ole Anderson) 1991 -Colorado wins its 1st AP national title poll 1992 -Test debut of Shane Warne, v India at Sydney 1993 -"Gypsy Passion" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 55 performances 1994 -"Abe Lincoln in Illinois" closes at Beaumont NYC after 40 perfs 1994 -"Shakespeare after My Father" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 266 perf 1994 -Battles between army & rebellious indians in South Mexico, kill 57 1995 -Bus crashes in Luzon Philippines, 29 killed 1995 -Carquest Bowl 5: South Carolina beats West Virginia, 24-21 1995 -Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away) 1997 -Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Columbus OH on WBZX 99.7 FM 1998 -Autopsy of Chris Farley shows he overdosed of opiates & cocaine 1999 -A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported. 2001 -Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico. 2002 -Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly. 2004 -Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
153 BC -Roman consuls begin their year in office. 45 BC -The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time. 1 -Origin of Christian Era 69 -Roman garrison of Mainz uprising 89 -Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome 313 -Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction 404 -Last gladiator competition in Rome 414 -King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia 630 -The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly. 722 -Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord 990 -Russia adopts Julian calendar 1259 -Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris. 1430 -Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services 1438 -Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary 1494 -Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia 1502 -Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro 1504 -King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta 1515 -Francois, Duke of Angouleme succeeds Louis XII as Francois I of France 1515 -Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria 1515 -King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne. 1527 -Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin. 1573 -Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem 1583 -1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders 1600 -Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March. 1610 -German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610 1622 -Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25) 1651 -Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland 1660 -1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary 1660 -General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London 1660 -Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies York 1672 -Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris 1673 -Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston 1675 -Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth 1689 -Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York 1700 -Protestant West-Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar 1700 -Russia replaces Byzantines with Julian calendar 1700 -Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire. 1701 -Great Britain & Ireland union is in effect, creating United Kingdom 1707 -John V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal 1739 -J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica 1770 -Date of action in the opera "Madeleine" 1772 -First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities 1776 -Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag 1781 -1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781. 1785 -"Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue 1788 -London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times 1788 -Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves 1797 -Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY 1798 -Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books 1800 -Dutch East Indies Company dissolves 1801 -Ireland & Great Britain (England & Scotland) form United Kingdom 1801 -The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi. 1803 -Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam. 1804 -Haiti gains independence from France (National Day) 1807 -Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816) 1808 -African Benevolent Society (education) forms 1808 -Congress prohibits importation of slaves 1808 -Sierra Leone becomes a British colony 1809 -Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid 1814 -Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub 1818 -Official reopening of the White House 1826 -Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies 1827 -Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java 1831 -William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal 1833 -British government demands Falkland islands 1833 -Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves 1834 -German Tolunie goes into effect 1838 -1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide 1840 -1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC 1842 -1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC 1844 -1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week) 1845 -The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed. 1846 -Yucatan declares independence from Mexico 1847 -Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment 1847 -Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing 1848 -Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua 1851 -City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line 1852 -1st US public bath opens, in NYC 1852 -National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds 1852 -Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps 1853 -1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service 1854 -Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn) 1858 -Canada begins using decimal currency system 1860 -Slavery ends of in Neth Indies 1861 -Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City 1861 -Pres Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful 1862 -1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000) 1862 -Battle of Ft McRee, FL Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry) 1863 -1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr 1863 -Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city 1863 -Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln 1863 -Franz Schuberts "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig 1865 --Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign 1871 -Belgium disbands salt tax 1873 -Origin of Japanese Era 1874 -New York City annexes the Bronx 1876 -The Reichsbank opens in Berlin. 1877 -England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India 1879 -John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig 1880 -Building of Panama Canal, begins
1881 -Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes 1886 -1st Tournament of Roses (PasadenaCalif) 1890 -Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government. 1891 -French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed 1891 -King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies 1892 -Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants 1893 -1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago 1893 -Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar 1894 -Denmark adopts Mid-European time 1894 -Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic 1895 -Norway adopts Mid-European time 1896 -Wilhelm Roentgen announces his discovery of x-rays 1897 -1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0 1897 -Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY 1898 -Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay 1898 -d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome 1899 -Cuba liberated from Spain by US (Natl Day) (US occupies till 1902) 1899 -Spanish rule ends in Cuba. 1900 -1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel) 1900 -British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established 1900 -Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect 1901 -Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies 1901 -Nigeria becomes a British protectorate. 1902 -1st Rose Bowl game (Pasadena, California) (U of Mich-49, Sanford-0) 1902 -Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn 1904 -Neth Indies colony begins opium production 1905 -9 hour work day for diamond miners 1906 -Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory 1907 -Pres Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day 1908 -1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square 1908 -Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28) 1909 -Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4) 1909 -Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher. 1910 -Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs 1911 -Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day 1911 -South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government 1912 -1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km) 1912 -Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic 1912 -The Republic of China is established. 1913 -Post office begins parcel post deliveries 1914 -1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot) 1914 -Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam) 1914 -Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria 1915 -DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview 1915 -Jews of Laibach Austria expelled 1916 -1st football game in Rose Bowl (Washington State-Brown) 1916 -1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published 1918 -Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland 1919 -Belorussian SSR established 1919 -Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company. 1920 -The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party. 1922 -Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road 1923 -Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established 1923 -Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR. 1924 -Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP 1925 -Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo 1926 -Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne 1927 -Communist uprising in West Java 1927 -Dodgers announce release of future Hall of Fame Zack Wheat 1927 -Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian). 1928 -1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio 1928 -Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth) 1929 -Roy Riegels runs 60 yds the wrong way with Rose Bowl fumble recovery 1930 -Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant 1930 -Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever 1932 -Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as mayor of Massillon Ohio 1932 -Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws 1932 -The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth. 1934 -Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison 1934 -Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective 1934 -International Telecommunication Union established 1934 -Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring". 1935 -1st Sugar Bowl & 1st Orange Bowl 1935 -Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto 1935 -Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM 1935 -Pres Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey" 1936 -1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune 1937 -Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua 1937 -Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain 1937 -US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio 1937 -Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain. 1939 -Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city. 1941 -Netherlands begins taxing wages 1941 -Russian general Zhukov appointed chief of general staff 1942 -Rose Bowl played in NC due to Japanese threat-Oregon 20, Duke 16 1942 -US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis 1943 -Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel 1943 -Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown 1944 -1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC 1944 -Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa 1944 -Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army 1945 -France joins the UN 1945 -German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels 1946 -ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert 1946 -Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god 1946 -National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic 1947 -Benelux agress to work related issues 1947 -Britain nationalizes its coal industry 1947 -WTTG TV channel 5 in Washington, DC (MET) begins broadcasting 1948 -1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena Calif)]=
1948 -Bradman scores 132 in the 1st innings of the 3rd Test v India 1948 -Britain nationalizes its railways 1948 -General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective 1948 -Italy adopts constitution 1948 -Orissa province accedes to India 1948 -British railways are nationalised to form British Rail. 1948 -After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan. 1948 -The Constitution of Italy comes into force. 1949 -KPRC TV channel 2 in Houston, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting 1949 -KTTV TV channel 11 in Los Angeles, CA (MET) begins broadcasting 1949 -Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand 1950 -Dutch Govt raises all wages 5%, minimally fl. 5 per week 1950 -Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China 1950 -The state of Ajaigarh is ceded to the Government of India. 1951 -Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines 1952 -Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 5th string quartet 1953 -Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres 1953 -WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast 1954 -KSLA TV channel 12 in Shreveport, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting 1954 -Rose & Cotton Bowl are 1st sport colorcasts 1954 -WWTV TV channel 9 in Cadillac-Traverse City, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast 1954 -Yugoslav parliament chairman/VP Milovan Djilas criticize communism 1955 -Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps 1955 -WEAT (now WPEC) TV channel 12 in West Palm Beach, FL (CBS) begins 1956 -Elvis Presley records Heartbreak Hotel for RCA in Nashville 1956 -KHAS TV channel 5 in Hastings, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting 1956 -KOSA TV channel 7 in Odessa, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting 1956 -Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK 1956 -WREC (now WREG) TV channel 3 in Memphis, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting 1956 -A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people. 1957 -Benjamin Britten's ballet "Prince & the Pauper," premieres in London 1957 -France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep 1957 -International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year) 1957 -George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. 1957 -An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest. 1958 -BOAC Britannia flies London to NY in a record 7h57m 1958 -European Economic Community (Common Market) starts operation 1958 -Sammy Davis Jr marries Loray White 1958 -Treaties establish European Economic Community (Common Market) 1958 -WMBD TV channel 31 in Peoria, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting 1959 -Castro leads Cuba to victory as Fulgencio Batista flees to Dom Rep 1959 -Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community 1959 -Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta 1960 -Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs 1960 -Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France 1960 -Johnny Cash plays 1st of many free concerts behind bars 1960 -Montserrat adopts constitution 1961 -Briggs Stadium is renamed Tigers Stadium 1961 -Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game 1961 -Largest check issued, Natl Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion) 1961 -Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11 1962 -Beatles' Decca audition is unsuccessful 1962 -Rwanda granted internal self-government by Belgium 1962 -Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa 1962 -United States Navy SEALs established. 1963 -G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank 1963 -WTEV (now WLNE) TV channel 6 in Providence RI begins broadcasting 1964 -Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved 1964 -KNMT TV channel 12 in Walker, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting 1964 -KTVS TV channel 3 in Sterling, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting 1965 -International Cooperation Year begins 1965 -Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms 1965 -The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul. 1966 -12 day transit worker strike shuts down NYC subway 1966 -Milt coup by Col Jean-Bédell Bokassa in Central African Republic 1966 -Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reaches #1 1966 -All US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health" 1967 -CRU becomes the CAFA & turns over the Grey Cup trophy to the CFL 1967 -Day's play in the Calcutta Test v W Indies cancelled by riots 1967 -FCC requires AM-FM sister stations to be at least 50% different 1967 -Green Bay Packers beat Dallas Cowboys 34-27 in NFL championship game 1967 -KC Chiefs beat Buffalo Bills 31-7 in AFL championship game 1967 -St Helena adopts constitution 1967 -Tonga revises constitution 1967 -WABW TV channel 14 in Pelham, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting 1968 -ABC radio splits into 4 networks (Info, Entertainment, Contemp & FM) 1968 -Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump Caesar's Palace Fountain 1968 -Netherlands gets color TV 1968 -WDCO TV channel 15 in Cochran, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting 1969 -Jack Kent Cooke, owner of NHL's LA Kings, fines each player $100 for "NOT" arguing with the referee 1970 -"The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT) 1970 -Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established 1970 -Charles "Chub" Feeney becomes president of baseball's National League 1970 -Neth Christian Workers Union (NCW) forms 1970 -Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect 1971 -Cigarette advertisements banned on TV 1972 -"Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 690 performances 1972 -"On the Town" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 65 performances 1972 -"Promises Promises" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281 perfs 1972 -China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC 1972 -International Book Year begins 1972 -KDSD TV channel 16 in Aberdeen, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting 1973 -47th Australian Women's Tennis: Margaret Court beats Goolagong (64 75) 1973 -Britain, Ireland & Denmark become 7th-9th members of Common Market 1973 -West African Economic Community formed (Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta) 1974 -Lee MacPhail takes over as AL president, succeeding Joe Cronin 1974 -NBC radio begins on the hour news 24 hours a day (following CBS lead) 1974 -World Population Year begins 1975 -Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crime 1975 -International Women's Year begins
1975 -Sweden adopts constitution 1976 -"Musical Jubilee" closes at St James Theater NYC after 92 performances 1976 -Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall 1976 -NBC replaces the peacock logo 1976 -Venezuela nationalizes oil fields 1977 -1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means) 1977 -Belgium reapportions 2,359 communities into 596 1977 -Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77 1977 -Tony Dorsett runs for record 202 yards in the Sugar Bowl 1978 -"Your Arm's Too Short..." closes at Lyceum NYC after 429 perfs 1978 -Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213 1978 -Pres Ford signs 1st major revision of copyright law since 1909 1979 -International Year of the Child begins 1979 -Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established 1979 -US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations 1980 -54th Australian Womens Tennis: Barbara Jordan beats S Walsh (63 63) 1980 -Alabama beats Arkansas in Sugar Bowl for college football championship 1980 -Chrysler UK renamed Talbot 1980 -International Decade of Water & Sanitation begins 1980 -Mob storms Russian embassy in Teheran 1980 -Premier Adbou Diouf becomes president of Senegal 1980 -Sweden changes order of succession to throne 1980 -Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden. 1981 -Georgia beats Notre Dame in Sugar Bowl for college football title 1981 -Greece is 10th country to join European Economic Community 1981 -International Year for the Disabled begins 1981 -Palau (Trust Territory of Pacific Is) becomes self-governing 1981 -Roger Smith becomes CEO of General Motors 1982 -30 Something stars Ken Olin & Patricia Wettig meet, later they marry 1982 -Clemson wins the Orange Bowl for college football championship 1982 -Javier Perez de Cuellar becomes sec-gen of UN 1982 -MTA launches a 5 year plan to upgrade the NYC subway system 1982 -Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland 1982 -TA launches 5 year capital program to overhaul NYC subway system 1983 -PGA inaugurates all-exempt tour 1983 -Penn State beats Georgia in Sugar Bowl for college football title 1983 -World Communications Year begins 1983 -The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet. 1984 -AT&T's 22 owned Bell system companies divests into 8 companies 1984 -Brunei becomes independent of UK 1984 -NYC transit fare rises from 75 cents to 90 cents 1985 -Actress Judith Licht (Who's the Boss) gets married 1985 -International Youth Year begins 1985 -US's 1st manadatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY) 1985 -VH-1 made its broadcasting debut 1985 -The Internet's Domain Name System is created. 1985 -The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone. 1986 -Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao 1986 -Barbra Striesand & Jon Peters relationship breaks up 1986 -International Peace Year begins 1986 -NYC transit fare rises from 90 cents to $1.00 1986 -Oklahoma wins Orange Bowl for college football championship 1986 -Spain & Portugal are 11th & 12th to join European Economic Community 1986 -Iowa's All-American running back, Ronnie Harmon, fumbles the ball 4 times in his last game-the Rose Bowl 1987 -60 bodies recovered in Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico 1987 -China's rudimentary civil code in effect 1987 -International Year of Shelter for Homeless begins 1988 -Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen 1988 -Miami beats Oklahoma for college football championship 1988 -Year of the Reader begins 1989 -Actress Kelly McGillis gets married 1989 -NYC transit fare rises from $1.00 to $1.15 1989 -Year of the Young Reader begins 1990 -David Dinkins sworn in as 1st black mayor of NYC 1990 -Mitsuko Nishiwaki beats Nakano to become Japan Women wrestling champ 1990 -NYC MTA stops token redemption at subway stations 1990 -Sports News Network begins operation on cable TV 1990 -FCC implements "SYNDEX" giving independent stations more rights over cable TV outlets for exclusive syndicated programs 1991 -5% sales tax on consumer goods & services goes into effect in USSR 1991 -Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian Pres Hosi Mubarak 1991 -Les Miserables opens at Festival Theatre, Adelaide 1992 -Bush is 1st US pres to address Australian Parliament 1992 -Curacao becomes 1st in Dutch Antilles to have compulsory education 1992 -Europe breaks down trade barriers 1992 -International Space Year begins 1992 -NYC transit fare increases from $1.15 to $1.25 1993 -12 member European Economic Community set up vast free trade zone 1993 -Blockbuster Bowl 3: Stanford beats Penn State, 24-3 1993 -Cigarette advertisements are banned in NYC's MTA 1993 -Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia 1994 -"Flying Karamzov Brothers" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 50 perfs 1994 -"Grand Night after Singing" closes at Criterion NYC after 52 perfs 1994 -Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.83) 1994 -Carquest Bowl 4: Boston College beats Virginia, 32-13 1994 -Howard Stern's New Year's Eve Beauty Pageant 1994 -International Year of Family 1994 -Jacobs Field opens with "Gateway's New Year's Eve Countdown to '94" 1994 -Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29) 1994 -North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect 1994 -The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican State of Chiapas. 1995 -"Glass Menagerie" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 57 perfs 1995 -"Shadow Box" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 49 performances 1995 -Austria, Finland & Sweden act to join European Union 1995 -Centennial of Canadian Mounties presence in Canada's Yukon Territory 1995 -Fernando Henrique Cardoso installed as president of Brazil 1995 -International Year of Tolerance 1995 -Last "Far Side" by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980) 1995 -Raman Lamba & Ravi Sehgal score 464 for 1st wicket for Delhi 1995 -for"Tuna Christmas" closes at Booth Theater NYC 20 performances 1995 -The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.
1996 -After 27 years, Betty Rubble debuts as a Flintstone vitamin 1996 -Curacao gains limited form of self rule (Status Aparte) 1997 -The Republic of Zaïre officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Zaïre. 1998 -All Calif bars, clubs & card rooms must be smoke-free 1998 -Mongolia switches from a 46 hour to 40 hour work week 1998 -US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733 1998 -Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence. 1998 -The European Central Bank is established. 1999 -International Year of Elderly 1999 -The Euro currency is introduced. 2000 -Gisbourne, New Zealand population 32,754 is first city in the world to welcome in the new millenium 2002 -The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force. 2002 -Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union's member states. 2002 -Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei. 2004 -In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, was "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007. 2006 -Sydney, Australia swelters through its hottest New Years Day on record. The thermometre peaked at 45 degrees celsius, sparking bushfires and power outages. 2007 -Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages. 2007 -Slovenia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the thirteenth Eurozone country. 2007 -Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board. 2008 -A New Hampshire law legalizing civil unions for same-sex couples comes into effect. 2008 -Malta and Cyprus officially adopt the Euro currency and become the fourteenth and fifteenth Eurozone countries. 2009 -Slovakia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the sixteenth Eurozone country. 2009 -61 die in nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand. 2009 -The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin. 2304 -Mid-CALENDAR day 6000 -1st reversible date since 11/11/1999