863 -Boudouin with the Iron Arm weds Charles de Kales' daughter Judith 1294 -Pope Coelestinus V ends term 1294 -Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit. 1545 -Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opens 1545 -Pope Paul III opens council of Trente 1570 -Sweden/Denmark signs Peace of Stettin 1572 -Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet under admiral Lumey 1577 -Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world 1621 -Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree 1636 -The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard. 1642 -New Zealand discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman 1643 -English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire. 1668 -Jean Racines "Britannicus," premieres in Paris 1734 -England & Russia sign trade agreement 1742 -Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes 1759 -1st music store in America opens (Phila) 1769 -Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter 1774 -1st incident of Revolution-400 attack Ft William & Mary, NH 1816 -Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston 1823 -Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London 1833 -HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia 1843 -"A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold 1861 -Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV 1862 -Battle of Fredericksburg, VA (Marye's Heights) 1864 -Battle of Ft McAllister, GA 1879 -1st federal fish hatching steamer lauched (Wilmington Delaware) 1889 -Belgium rules on women/child labor law 1895 -1st complete execution of Gustav Mahlers 2nd Symphony 1900 -Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey/Smuts beat Britten 1901 -Test debut of S F Barnes v Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings 1903 -Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone (NJ) 1903 -Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk 1906 -German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament 1907 -George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut v Australia SCG 1907 -German emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam 1913 -Mona Lisa stolen in Aug 1911 returned to Louvre 1916 -Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian & Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol 1916 -Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin 1916 -French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle 1918 -US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany 1918 -Wilson, becomes 1st to make a foreign visit as president (France) 1919 -Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London 1920 -F Pease's interferometer measures 1st stellar diameter (Betelgeuse) 1920 -League of nations establishes Intl Court of Justice in The Hague 1920 -Netherland breaks contact with kingdom of Serbia, Croatia & Slavia 1922 -Charles Ebbets proposes putting numbers on players' sleeves or caps 1924 -KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions 1928 -Clip-on tie designed 1928 -George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres (NYC) 1930 -George Sisler's career ends when Boston Braves release him 1930 -Theodore Steeg forms French govt 1934 -Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC 1936 -Final Boston Redskin NFL game, lose to Packers 21-6, move to Wash DC 1936 -Green Bay Packers win NFL championship 1938 -Los Angeles freezes at 28°F 1939 -Battle at La Plata - 3 British cruisers vs German Graf Spee 1941 -German occupiers forbid National Front & Netherland Union 1941 -Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die 1941 -U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier Ark Royal 1942 -Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader 1942 -Washington Redskins defeat Chic Bears 14-6, to win NFL title 1943 -150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol 1944 -Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138 1944 -Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth," premieres in NYC 1946 -Leon Blum elected French premier 1947 -"Caribbean Carnival" closes at International NYC after 11 perfs 1947 -Maine Turnpike opens to traffic 1949 -AL votes down proposal to revive spitball 1949 -Knesset votes to transfer Israel's capital to Jerusalem 1950 -"Let's Make an Opera" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 5 perfs 1950 -James Dean begins his career with an appearance in a Pepsi commercial 1951 -Future British PM Margaret Roberts Thatcher marries Denis Thatcher 1953 -KOAM TV channel 7 in Pittsburg-Joplin, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting 1956 -Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield & $35,000 Robinson retires 1959 -Archbishop Makarios elected 1st president of Cyprus 1960 -Italy beats US in Davis cup (1st time in 24 years US not in finals) 1960 -Laos General Fumi Nosavang occupies Vientiane 1961 -Beatles sign a formal agreement to be managed by Brian Epstein 1961 -Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann 1961 -Jimmy Dean's Big Bad John album is country music 1st million $ seller 1962 -Relay 1 communication satellite launched 1963 -Capital records signs right of 1st refusal agreement with Beatles 1964 -Shirley Englehorn & Sam Snead wins Haig & Haig Mixed Foursome Golf 1964 -In El Paso, Tx, LBJ & Mexican Pres Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border 1965 -Algerian president Boumedienne visits Moscow 1966 -1st US bombing of Hanoi 1966 -1st battle for Bijlmer flats Amsterdam 1966 -Test debut of Clive Lloyd, v India Bombay, 82 & 78 1966 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1967 -United Soccer Assn & Natl Pro Soccer League merge into NASL 1967 -Unsuccessful coup against Greek King Constantine II 1967 -San Diego, CA records snow at a zero elevation after temperatures plunge 19 degrees (F) in eight hours. 1968 -Playland at Beach reopens 1968 -Pres Da Costa e Silva disbands parliament/grabs power 1969 -Arlo Guthrie releases "Alice's Restaurant" 1969 -Billy Martin fired as Twins' manager 1970 -Greg Chappell scores 108 on Test debut v England at the WACA 1970 -Neil Simon's "Gingerbread Lady," premieres in NYC 1971 -John Sinclair (sentence: 10 yrs, sold 2 marijuana joints) is freed 1973 -MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
1973 -World Football League grants 1st franchise (Detroit) 1974 -Jim "Catfish" Hunter wins free agent claim against A's owner Finley 1974 -Malta becomes a republic 1975 -1st time Saturday Night Live uses a time delay (Richard Pryor hosts) 1975 -Australian Conservatives & Liberals win parliamentary election 1975 -Jane Blalock wins LPGA 14 Colgate Triple Crown Golf Tournament 1975 -Roy Fredericks hits 169 v Aust at WACA, hundred in 71 balls 1975 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1976 -Golden Gate Bridge District starts ferry service to Larkspur 1976 -Longest non-stop passenger airflight (Sydney to SF 13h14m) 1977 -14 University of Evansville basketball players die in plane crash 1978 -Susan B Anthony dollar, 1st US coin to honor a woman, issued 1979 -"Oklahoma!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 301 performances 1979 -Strikes against price increases in Gdansk Poland 1980 -"Perfectly Frank" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 16 perfs 1981 -70th Davis Cup: USA beats Argentina in Cincinnati (3-1) 1981 -Polish govt declares martial law, arrests Solidarity activists 1982 -71st Australian Mens Tennis: Johan Kriek beats Steve Denton (63 63 62) 1982 -Earthquake hits Northern Yemen; 2,000 die 1983 -9,655 see highest-scoring NBA game: Detroit 186, Denver 184 (3 OT) 1983 -British Airways incorporates 1983 -Islander's Butch Goring scorings 4 goals against Oilers 1983 -KYA-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KOIT 1983 -Martha Layne Collins inaugurated as Kentucky's 1st female governor 1984 -Artificial heart recipient William Schroeder suffers 1st stroke 1985 -David Boon's 1st Test century, 123 v India at Adelaide 1985 -Test debut of Merv Hughes, Geoff Marsh & Bruce Reid (v India) 1987 -Belgium Christian Democrats (CVP) loses parliamentary election 1987 -Browns set club record for most points scored in a quarter, 28 1987 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1988 -3 men end 29-hr all-466-station subway ride in NYC 1988 -Arafat addresses UN in Geneva 1989 -Walter Davis (Denver) ends NBA free throw streak of 53 games 1989 -The last issue of Gnistan (The Spark), the organ of the Solidaritetspartiet, is published in Sweden. 1990 -"Peter Pan" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 45 performances 1990 -Heavy earthquake strikes Sicily, 18 die 1990 -Pres De Klerk of S Afr meets with Mandela to talk of end of apartheid 1991 -Both Koreas sign an accord calling for reconcilliation 1991 -NY assembly speaker Mel Miller is convicted of federal mail fraud 1991 -Ricky Pierce (Seattle) ends NBA free throw streak of 75 games 1992 -"Show Off" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 45 performances 1992 -Dawn Coe-Jone wins Pizza-La LPGA Match Play Golf Championship 1992 -FCC fines Infinity Broadcasting $600,000 1993 -Deadline for Israeli troop withdrawal from Gaza, they don't 1993 -Dow Jones hits record 3764.43 1993 -Fire in textile factory in Fuzjou China, 60 killed 1993 -Space shuttle STS-61 (Endeavour 5), lands 1994 -American Eagle commuter plane crashes in NC, killing 15 1995 -Christopher Reeves released from physical rehab center 1995 -US Federal Court votes that Cable companies must carry local stations 1996 -Free agent Roger Clemens signs with Toronto Blue Jays 1996 -Kofi Annan is elected as Secretary-General of the United Nations. 1997 -63rd Heisman Trophy Award: Charles Woodson, Michigan (CB) 2000 -The "Texas 7" escape from the John Connally Unit near Kenedy, Texas and go on a robbery spree, during which police officer Aubrey Hawkins is shot and killed. 2000 -American Vice President Al Gore delivers his concession speech effectively ending his hopes of becoming the 43rd President of the United States. 2001 -the Indian Parliament Sansad is attacked by terrorists. 15 people are killed, including all the terrorists. 2002 -Enlargement of the European Union: The European Union announces that Cyprus, the CzechRepublic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia will become members from May 1, 2004. 2003 -Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (see Operation Red Dawn). 2004 -Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal. 2006 -The Baiji, or Chinese River Dolphin, announced as extinct. 2007 -The Mitchell Report is publicly released listing the names of 89 Major League Baseball players that have presumably used anabolic steroids and human growth hormones. Notable players to be named include Roger Clemens and Miguel Tejada.