418 -St Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 801 -Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona 1065 -Westminister Abbey opens in London 1308 -The reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan, begins. 1614 -Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk 1732 -1st known ad for "Poor Richard's Almanack" (Pennsylvania Gazette) 1768 -King Taksin was coronation achieved through conquest as a king of Thailand and established Thonburi as a capital. 1816 -American Colonization Society organizes 1821 -Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna 1828 -6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed 1832 -John Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with Pres Jackson) 1836 -Spain recognizes independence of Mexico 1846 -Iowa becomes 29th state 1849 -M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect 1850 -Rangoon Burma, destroyed by fire 1864 -Battle of Egypt Station, MS 1867 -United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits. 1869 -William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum 1877 -John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill 1878 -Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism) 1879 -North British Railway's train falls as Firth bridge collapses (Scot) 1887 -Sir John Layton Jarvis, 1st British race horse trainer knighted 1893 -French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu 1895 -World's 1st movie theater opens in Paris 1897 -Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac," premieres in Paris 1902 -1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Phila 6-0 (MSG, NYC) 1902 -Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US 1903 -Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It," premieres in NYC 1903 -Electric lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago; 602 die 1904 -1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London) 1905 -Intercollegiate Athletic Assn of US founded (becomes NCAA in 1910) 1905 -NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253 1906 -Ecuador adopts its constitution 1908 -Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy (nearly 80,000 died) 1910 -Opera "Konigskinder" is produced (NYC) 1912 -National Council of Young Israel convenes 1912 -SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI) 1912 -The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California. 1915 -SF City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph 1923 -George Bernard Shaw's "St Joan," premieres in NYC 1925 -George/Ira Gershwin's musical "Tip-Toes," premieres in NYC 1926 -Arthur Mailey takes 4-362 off 64 overs (no maidens) NSW v Vic 1926 -Imperial Airways begins England-India mail & passenger service 1926 -Ponsford scores 352 & Ryder 295 against NSW 1926 -Victoria all out for 1107 against NSW at the MCG Crowd 22,348 1927 -George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Royal Family," premieres in NYC 1928 -Last recording of Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues," made 1928 -Louis Armstrong makes 78 recording of "West End blues" 1931 -Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as president of Nanjing-China 1935 -W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in NYC 1935 -Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union. 1937 -Fascist Octavian Goga becomes PM of Romania/begins spread of Judaism 1938 -Paul Gibb scores 106 on Test Cricket debut v South Africa 1939 -First flight of the Consolidated XB-24 Liberator bomber prototype. 1940 -Arthur Morris scores 111 in 2nd innings of 1st game after 148 1941 -State of siege goes into effect in Bohemia/Moravia 1942 -Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus 1942 -Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times 1943 -All inhabitants of Kalmukkie deported, about 70,000 killed 1944 -Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt Belgium 1944 -Former Wash 3rd baseman Buddy Lewis wins Distinguished Flying Cross 1944 -Leonard Bernstein's musical "On the Town," premieres in NYC 1945 -Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance" 1947 -Chic Cards beat Phila Eagles 28-21 in NFL championship game 1948 -IDF crosses Egyptian border 1948 -Middel-Java as a whole in Dutch hands 1948 -US announced a study to launch an Earth satellite 1948 -The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami, Florida. 1949 -20th Century Fox announces it would produce TV programs 1950 -Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea 1950 -The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's first National Park. 1952 -Detroit Lions beat Cleveland Browns 17-7 in NFL championship game 1953 -WLBT TV channel 3 in Jackson, MS (NBC) begins broadcasting 1954 -43rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Sydney (3-2) 1954 -KEPR TV channel 19 in Pasco-Kennewick-Richl, WA (CBS) 1st broadcast 1955 -44th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (5-0) 1956 -Miss Frances [Horwich], last Ding Dong School on NBC-TV 1957 -CBS states it won't broadcast baseball where minor league games are on 1957 -USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test 1958 -Chipmunks (Alvin, Simon & Theodore with David Seville) hit #1 1958 -What might be called greatest NFL game, Colts beat Giants 23-17 1961 -Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana," premieres in NYC 1962 -UN troops occupies Elizabethstad Katanga 1963 -"Double Dublin" closes at Little Theater NYC after 4 performances 1963 -"Jennie" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 82 performances 1963 -Merle Haggard 1st appearance on country chart with "Sing a Sad Song" 1964 -Premier of Dmitri Sjostakovitch' Stefan Rasin 1964 -Principal filming of "Dr Zhivago," begins 1966 -13 die in a train crash in Everett Mass 1966 -China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC 1967 -KTSB (now KSNT) TV channel 27 in Topeka, KS (NBC) begins broadcasting 1967 -Muriel Siebert is 1st women to own a seat on NY Stock Exchange 1968 -100,000 attend Miami Pop Festival 1968 -57th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Adelaide (4-1) 1968 -Beatles' "Beatles-White Album," goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks 1968 -Israeli assault on Beirut Airport 1968 -KVOF (KUDO, now KWBB) TV channel 38 in SF, CA (IND) 1st broadcast 1969 -Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers," premieres in NYC 1969 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1969 -Dallas Cowboy kicker Mike Clark, attempting an on-side kick against Cleveland, missed the ball
1970 -"Lovely Ladies, Kind Gentlemen" opens at Majestic NYC for 19 perfs 1970 -Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopts constitution 1971 -Hasj falls from now on under(neath) the Opiumwet 1972 -Kim Il-song, becomes president of North Korea 1972 -Martin Bormanns skeleton found in Berlin (Hitlers deputy) 1972 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1973 -Akron Ohio's Chamber of Commerce terminates itself from Soap Box Derby 1973 -Alexander Solzhenitsyn publishes "Gulag Archipelag" 1973 -Comet Kohoutek at perihelion 1974 -6.3 earthquake strikes Pakistan: 5200 killed 1974 -Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress. 1975 -"Hail Mary Pass"-Cowboys beat Vikings 17-14 on last second pass 1975 -1st broadcast of radio Hilversum IV (classic music) 1975 -Earthquake in Pakistan, 4,000 die 1975 -Gary Cosier scores 109 v West Indies at MCG on Test Cricket debut 1975 -Red Army beats NY Rangers 7-3 at MSG 1976 -"Fiddler on the Roof" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 167 perfs 1976 -Genie Francis joind "General Hospital" as Laura Vining 1976 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1976 -Winnie Mandela banished in South Africa 1978 -30th hat trick in Islander history (Mike Bossy) 1980 -Mexico terminated fishing agreements with US 1981 -Cleveland Metroparks Administrative offices move from downtown to Zoo 1981 -Warner-Elektra-Atlantic raises price of 45 records from $1.68 to $1.98 1981 -The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia. 1983 -72nd Davis Cup: Australia beats Sweden in Melbourne (3-2) 1983 -Gavaskar achieves his 30th century, beating Bradman's 29 1983 -US say they will leave UNESCO on Dec 31, 1984 1983 -Warren Cromartie signs 3 year $2.5M contract with Yomiuri Giants 1984 -Creosote bush determined to be 11,700 years old 1984 -Rajiv Gandhi's Congress party wins election in India 1984 -TV soap "Edge of Night" ends 28 year run 1984 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1985 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1985 -Warring Lebanese Moslem & Christian leaders sign peace agreement 1986 -Pat Davis, ranked 412th among world tennis competitors wins Davis Cup 1987 -In Arkansas R Gene Simmons kills 2, later bodies of 14 of his relatives are found at his home near Dover Ark 1988 -John Tarrant, 1st Aust born Zen teacher, receives Dharma Transmission 1988 -US 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals affirms Yonkers is guilty of racism 1988 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1989 -Alexander Dubcek elected parliament chairman of Czech 1989 -Earthquake at Newcastle Australia, 11 die 1990 -2 die in a NYC subway accident 1990 -Blockbuster Bowl 1: Florida State beats Penn State, 24-17 1991 -8 are crushed to death at a RAP basketball game at City College, NYC 1991 -Blockbuster Bowl 2: Alabama beats Colorado, 30-25 1991 -Irene the Icon of Greek Orthodox church returns after being stolen 1991 -Ninibeth Beatriz Leal Jiminez, 20, of Venez, crowned 41st Miss World 1991 -Ted Turner is named Time Magazine Man of Year 1993 -Dow-Jones hits record 3793.49 1993 -Dutch Antilles govt of Yandi Paula forms 1993 -John Maclean passes Kirk Muller as all-time NJ Devils scorer (521 pts) 1994 -Billy Ray Cyrus (Achy Breaky Heart) weds Leticia Finley 1994 -Boon completes his 20th Test Cricket century (131 v Eng, MCG) 1994 -Tammy Wynette admitted to the hospital with bile duct infection 1996 -India all out for 66 at Durban after making 100 in cricket 1st inning 1997 -Sting beats Hollywood Hogan for WCW Championship 1999 -Saparmurat Niyazov is proclaimed President for Life in Turkmenistan. 2000 -U.S. retail giant Montgomery Ward announces it is going out of business after 128 years. 2005 -A U.S. immigration judge orders John Demjanjuk deported to Ukraine for crimes against humanity committed during World War II. 2007 -Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy. 2008 -The Detroit Lions finished the season 0-16 with a 31-21 lost to the Green Bay Packers The first time in National Football League history that a team went winless in a 16-game season.