1228 -Wu MeKuan, a collection of 48 Zen koans, compiled in China 1414 -Council of Constance (16th ecumenical council) opens 1492 -Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from Indians of Cuba 1499 -Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). This Breton-French-Latin dictionary was written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc. It is the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary. 1530 -St Felix Flood ravages Dutch coast 1530 -St. Felix's Flood destroys the city of Reimerswaal in the Netherlands 1556 -Akbar (14) succeeds his father Humajun on as Sultan of Delhi 1556 -Battle at Panipat: Mogollegers beat hindu leader Hemu 1605 -Gunpowder Plot; Catholics try to blow up English Parliament. Plot uncovered & leader Guy Fawkes hanged 1630 -Spain & England sign peace treaty 1639 -1st post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts 1678 -Brandenburgse troops occupy Greifswald in Sweden 1725 -Spain & Austria sign secret treaty 1743 -Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle. 1757 -Battle at Rossbach (7 year war/French & Indian War) 1780 -French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle. 1781 -John Hanson elected 1st "Pres of US in Congress assembled" 1789 -Fleeing slaves under Bonni attack military post on Suriname 1789 -French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law 1811 -El Salvador's 1st battle against Spain for independence 1838 -Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation 1846 -Robert Schumann's 2nd Symphony in C, premieres 1854 -Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 1862 -Ambrose Burnside replaces McClellen as head of Army of Potomac 1862 -Battle at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia: 51 casualties 1871 -Susan B Anthony arrested trying to vote in Rochester NY 1872 -Susan B Anthony fined $100 for trying to vote for Ulysses S Grant 1872 -Ulysses S Grant re-elected US president 1876 -Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe 1881 -French government-Ferry resigns 1882 -Bedrich Smetana's "Ma Vlast," premieres 1883 -Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army 1883 -Musical "Cordelia's Aspirations" premieres in NYC 1887 -Ottawa College (ORFU) defeats Montreal Football Club (QRFU) 10-5 to win the Dominion championship 1894 -Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki 1894 -Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels," premieres 1895 -1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) 1895 -George Selden patents 1st gasoline-driven car 1895 -King Edward VII says "We are all Socialists nowadays" 1895 -US state Utah accepts female suffrage 1898 -Gerhart Hauptmanns "Fuhrmann Henschel," premieres in Berlin 1911 -Italy attacks Turkish North-Africa (Libya), takes Tipoli & Cyrenaica 1911 -Calbraith Rodgers arrives in Pasadena completing 1st transcontinental airplane flight (49 days) (left Sheepshead Bay, NY, Sept 17) 1912 -Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage 1912 -Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water 1912 -Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) & Pres Taft (R) 1913 -Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria 1914 -Britain annexes Cyprus 1914 -Great Britain & France & Russia declares war on Turkey 1916 -Emperor Wilhelm II & French Jozef I establishes kingdom of Poland 1916 -Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage 1916 -The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police. 1917 -Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time 1917 -Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Lousiville Ky ordiance requiring blacks & whites to live in separate areas 1919 -Ir à Steringa Idzerda begins hosting "soirée-musical" on Dutch radio 1922 -Demonstration for a Dutch University in Ghent 1925 -Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties 1927 -10th PGA Championship: Water Hagen at Cedar Crest CC Dallas 1927 -Walter Hagen beats Joe Turnesa for 4th consecutive PGA title 1930 -Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for "Babbitt" 1932 -Mussolini frees 16,000 criminals 1933 -Chicago Bears 30 game unbeaten streak ends to Patriots (10-0) 1933 -Spanish Basques vote for autonomy 1935 -Maryland Court of Appeals orders U of M to admit (black) Donald Murray 1935 -Parker Brothers launches game of Monopoly 1936 -French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime 1937 -Hitler informs his military leader of his intentions of going to war 1937 -World War II: Adolf Hitler holds a secret meeting and states his plans for acquiring "living space" for the German people. 1938 -Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return 1938 -Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated 1940 -Dutch submarine departs Dundee 1940 -Pres FDR (D) wins unprecedented 3rd term beating Wendell Willkie (R) 1940 -Walter Johnson, won 416 games for Wash Senators, loses Maryland congressional race (R) 1941 -Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima leave Pearl Harbor 1942 -Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris 1942 -Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission 1943 --6] Vatican bombed 1944 -Allied troops reach Zoutelande Walcheren 1944 -Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord 1944 -German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die 1945 -Colombia joins the United Nations. 1946 -John F Kennedy (D-Mass) elected to House of Representatives 1950 -Cleveland Browns' Tommy James intercepts 3 passes, club record 1950 -Philippines president Quirino ends emergency crisis 1951 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1953 -Nobel prize for physics awarded/appended on Frederik Zernicke 1953 -Paul Searls saws a 32" log in 86.4 seconds 1953 -Terence Rattigans' "Sleeping Prince," premieres in London 1955 -Mont Canadien Jean Beliveau scores 2nd fastest hat trick (44 seconds) 1955 -New Vienna Opera house opens (Austria) 1956 -Britain & France land forces in Egypt 1956 -Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized 1956 -Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba 1956 -Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime 1957 -Félix Gaillard forms govt in France 1957 -Mrs Nellie McGrail wins $574,658 on a 2½ cent soccer pool ticket 1958 -"Maria Golovin" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 5 performances 1958 -KGLD (now KSNG) TV channel 11 in Garden City, KS (NBC) 1st broadcast 1959 -AFL announced with 8 teams 1961 -India's premier Nehru arrives in NY
1961 -St Louis Cards Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas 1963 -US VP Lyndon B Johnson visits Netherlands 1964 -US launches Mariner 3 toward Mars; no data returned 1966 -Brigham Young QB Virgil Carter sets NCAA record of 599 yards gained 1966 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1967 -ATS-3 launched by US to take 1st pictures of full Earth disk 1967 -Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Corpus Christi Civitan Golf Open 1967 -New Orleans Saints 1st NFL victory, beat Phila Eagles 31-24 1967 -US troops conquer Loc Ninh South Vietnam 1967 -Yemen president Sallal flees 1967 -The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. The survivors include Bee Gee Robin Gibb. 1968 -1st AL pitcher to win MVP, Denny McLain (wins unanimously) 1968 -Nixon (R) beats VP Humphrey (D) & George C Wallace for presidency 1971 -Bolivia passes death penalty for political kidnapping 1971 -NBA's LA Lakers starts a 33 game consecutive victory streak 1972 -Jane Blalock wins LPGA Lady Errol Golf Classic 1973 -BART starts SF-Daly City train shuttle service 1974 -Dmitri Sjotakovitch completes Michelangelo-liederen 1974 -Ella Grasso (Ct) elected 1st woman US gov not related to previous gov 1974 -Walter E Washington, becomes 1st elected mayor of Wash DC 1975 -British government sends troops to Belize 1975 -Sao Tome & Principe adopts constitution 1976 -Balt Jim Palmer wins AL Cy Young Award 1976 -New AL franchises in Seattle & Toronto fill up their rosters 1976 -Pirates trade Manny Sanguillen & $100,000 to A's for mgr Chuck Tanner 1976 -USSR performs nuclear test 1977 -NCAA passing record set at 571 yards (Marc Wilson, Brigham Young) 1978 -Iranian PM Jaafar Sharif-Emami resigns to Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi 1978 -Khomeini followers attack British embassy/El Al office in Iran 1978 -Oakland Raider's John Madden becomes 13th coach to win 100 NFL games 1979 -Iran government of Bazargan resigns 1979 -Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini declares US "The Great Satan" 1981 -Charles Fuller's "Soldier's Play," premieres in NYC 1981 -Former Dolphin, Mercury Morris, is sentenced to 20 years for drug trafficing, conspiracy, & possession of cocaine 1982 -Cleveland Cavaliers lose 24th consecutive game (NBA record) 1982 -George Harrison releases "Gone Troppo" album 1983 -NY Rangers & Quebec Nordiques both score in 1st 14 secs of 3rd period 1983 -Orbiter Discovery (OV-103) moves overland to Dryden 1985 -"News" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 4 performances 1987 -"Into the Woods" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 764 performances 1987 -France performs nuclear test 1987 -Iceberg twice size of Rhode Island sighted in Antarctic 1987 -South Africa ANC-leader Govan Mbeki freed 1987 -Stephen Sondheim/James Lapine's musical "Into the Stars," premieres 1987 -Supreme Court nominee Douglas H Ginsburg admitted using marijuana 1988 -1st NBA game at Bradley Center, Milw Bucks lose to LA Clippers 111-91 1988 -1st NBA game at Miami Arena, Miami Heat loss to LA Clippers, 111-91 1988 -1st NBA game at Palace of Auburn Hills, Pistons beat Hornets 94-85 1988 -Cornell confirms grad student source of worst computer sabotage 1988 -France performs nuclear test 1988 -Gulch wins Breeder's Cup 1988 -Japan beats MLB all stars 2-1 in Tokyo (Game 1 of 7) 1988 -Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Alysheba, Gt Communicator, Gulch, Is It True, Miesque, Open Mind, Personal Ensign at Churchill Downs 1989 -"Threepenny Opera" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 65 perfs 1989 -19th NYC Women's Marathon won by Ingrid Kristiansen in 2:25:30 1989 -20th NYC Marathon won by Juma Ikangaa in 2:08:01 1989 -Browns' Bernie Kosar sets club record of 16 cons pass completions 1989 -Elaine Crosby wins LPGA Mazda Japan Golf Classic 1989 -US plays El Salvador, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup 1991 -Kiichi Miyazawa elected premier of Japan 1991 -Richard J Kerr, ends term as acting director of CIA 1992 -"Show Off" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 45 performances 1992 -Bobby Fisher beats Boris Spassky to with Chess title in Belgrade 1993 -1st NBA game in Alamodome, San Antonio Spurs beat Warriors 91-85 1994 -Space probe Ulyssus completes 1st passage behind the Sun 1994 -Tony Rominger bicycles world record time (55,291 km) 1994 -Yak-40 accident in north of Peru, 8 killed 1994 -Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Barathea, Cherokee Run, Concern, Flanders, One Dreamer, Tikkanen, Timber Country 1995 -George Foreman beats Michael Moorer to win WBA/IBF boxing title 1995 -STS 73 (Columbia 18), lands 1995 -Woo-Soon Ko wins LPGA Toray Japan Queens Cup Golf Tournament 1995 -1st NBA game at General Motors Place, Vancouver Grizzlies beat Minn Timberwolves 100-98 in OT 1995 -André Dallaire attempts to assassinate Jean Chrétien; he is thwarted when the Prime Minister's wife locks the door. 1996 -Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter is the unanimous choice as AL Rookie of 1997 -2 hours after Davey Johnson resigns, he is named AL Manager of Year 1997 -French court orders producer Jacques Charrier, ex-husband of Brigitte Bardot, to pay the former screen star $8,300 in damages 2000 -Emperor Haile Selassie I is given an Imperial funeral by the Ethiopian Orthodox church 2006 -Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi'as in 1982. 2007 -China's first lunar satellite, Chang'e 1 goes into orbit around the Moon.