772 -Pope Adrian I elected 800 -Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican. 1167 -Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League 1420 -Henry V of England enters Paris. 1566 -Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva 1626 -Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out 1640 -Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule 1641 -Mass becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery 1653 -An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes 1656 -Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden 1708 -Great Alliance occupies Brussels 1742 -Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia 1750 -1st American school to offer manual training courses opens, Md 1768 -The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway. 1783 -Charles & M N Roberts ascend 2,000' in hydrogen balloon 1783 -J van North launches unmanned balloon 1804 -Emperor Napoleon marries Josephine of Martinique 1821 -Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain 1822 -Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil 1822 -Franz Liszts (11) debut as pianist Isabella Colbran 1824 -House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams 1824 -Jackson, WH Crawford & H Clay Adams eventually declared president 1831 -Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather 1835 -Hans Christian Andersen published his 1st book of fairy tales 1843 -1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens 1852 -Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands 1864 -Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA 1864 -Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia 1868 -John D Rockefeller begins anti oil war 1878 -1st White House telephone installed 1884 -American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy. 1887 -Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet" 1887 -Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao 1891 -James Naismith creates the game of basketball 1896 -1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY) 1900 -South African president Paul Kruger visits Flanders 1903 -"The Great Train Robbery," the 1st Western film, released 1906 -Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris) 1906 -Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 yrs 1909 -1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa 1909 -1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef 1913 -1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts) 1913 -Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38) 1917 -Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb 1918 -Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence 1918 -Iceland becomes independent state under Danish crown 1918 -Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade 1918 -Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established 1919 -AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By," premieres in Manchester 1919 -Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament 1921 -1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight 1921 -US Post Office establishes philatelic agency 1922 -1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF 1922 -Polish state chief marshal Jozef Pilsudski, resigns 1923 -CFL Grey Cup: Queen's U beats Regina, 54-0 at Toronto 1924 -Calles becomes president of Mexico 1924 -George/Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good," premieres in NYC 1925 -Treaty of Locarno signed 1928 -CFL Grey Cup: Ham Tigers beats Regina, 30-0 at Hamilton 1928 -Railroad museum opens in Utrecht Neth 1929 -Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe 1930 -NHL drops 20 minute slashing-about-the-head penalty 1930 -Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent 1931 -Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint 1933 -Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler govt 1934 -Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, used by Stalin as the excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38. 1935 -Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp 1936 -2nd Heisman Trophy Award: Larry Kelley, Yale (E) 1936 -Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use 1936 -EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants 1937 -Japan recognizes Franco govt 1938 -School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah 1939 -SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews 1941 -British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python 1941 -Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war 1941 -Last day of first-class cricket in Australia for 4 years 1941 -US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes 1942 -Gasoline rationed in US 1943 -FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day) 1944 -Béla Bartòk's Concerto for orchestra, premieres 1944 -Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands 1944 -Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres 1945 -CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg, 35-0 at Toronto 1946 -Australia compile 645 v India at the Gabba (Bradman 187) 1947 -Bradman scores 185 in the 1st Cricket Test v India at the Gabba 1947 -India cricket all out for 58 v Australia at the Gabba, Toshack 5-2 1948 -Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan, King of Palestine 1948 -Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player 1949 -WBNG TV channel 12 in Binghamton, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting 1949 -WKTV TV channel 2 in Utica, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting 1951 -17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB) 1951 -Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd," premieres in London 1951 -Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds 1952 -The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation. 1953 -Red Sox trade M McDermott & Tom Umphlett for Wash's Jackie Jensen 1953 -WAIM (now WAXA) TV channel 40 in Anderson, SC (IND) 1st broadcast 1953 -WCSH TV channel 6 in Portland, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting 1953 -Walter Alston named Dodger manager 1954 -Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement 1954 -Yanks send Miller, Segrist, Leppert & 2 minors to Orioles for Blayzka, Kryhoski, Johnson, Fridley & Del Guercio (completing 18 player deal)
1955 -Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus 1956 -"Candide" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 73 performances 1956 -Alain Mimoun wins 13th Olympics marathon (2:25:00.0) 1956 -Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year 1956 -Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta, resigns 1957 -Sam Cooke and Buddy Holly and Crickets debut on Ed Sullivan Show 1958 -"Flower Drum Song" opens at St James Theater NYC for 602 performances 1958 -Central African Rep made autonomous member of Fr Comm (Natl Day) 1958 -Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students & 3 nuns (Chic) 1959 -12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica 1959 -1st color photograph of Earth from outer space 1959 -25th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Cannon, LSU (HB) 1959 -The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space 1960 -Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo 1960 -Paul McCartney and Pete Best arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany for accusation of attempted arson. 1961 -The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea. 1962 -Grey Cup halted by fog, resumed next day (Winnipeg 28, Hamilton 27) 1962 -KGMB TV channel 9 in Honolulu, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting 1963 -NY Jets 1st shutout, beat KC 17-0 1963 -Nagaland becomes a state of Indian union 1964 -Houston Colt .45s change name to Astros 1964 -ML King speaks to J Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign 1965 -Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began 1965 -South Africa govt says children of white fathers are white 1966 -Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor 1966 -Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Md to Boulder, Colo 1967 -Pacific Northwest Sports awarded AL expansion franchise (Seattle) 1967 -Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope 1967 -Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams 1967 -Wilt Chamberlain set NBA record of 22 free throws misses 1968 -"Promises Promises" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 1281 performances 1968 -Burt Bacharach/Hal David's musical premieres in NYC 1968 -Gonzalo Barrios elected pres of Venezuela 1968 -Peggy Wilson wins LPGA Hollywood Lakes Golf Open 1968 -Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting 1969 -US govt holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II 1970 -Luis Echeverria Alvarez sworn in as president of Mexico 1970 -NHL takes control of Pittsburgh Penguins 1970 -Independent People's Republic of South Yemen becomes People Democratic Republic of Yemen 1971 -"2 Gentlemen of Verona" opens at St James Theater NYC for 613 perfs 1971 -Cubs release Ernie Banks & sign him as a coach 1971 -Galt MacDermot/John Guare's "2 gentlemen of Verona," premieres in NYC 1971 -John & Yoko release "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in US 1971 -People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself People's Democratic Republic of Yemen 1971 -Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray. 1972 -Wings release "Hi, Hi, Hi" in UK 1973 -Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea 1973 -Jack Nicklaus becomes 1st golfer to earn $2M in a year 1973 -Jan Ferraris wins LPGA-Japan Golf Classic 1973 -Stan Stasiak beats Pedro Morales in Philadelphia, to become WWF champ 1974 -Boeing 727 crashes in Upperville Virginia, 92 died 1974 -Jacqueline Hansen runs female world record marathon (2:43:54.5) 1974 -LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8 1975 -US president Gerald Ford visits China PR 1976 -Angola admitted to UN 1976 -Bangladesh General Ziaur Rahman declares himself president 1976 -Sex Pistols using profanity on TV, gets them branded as "rotten punks" 1978 -Pres Carter more than doubles national park system size 1978 -Test Cricket debut of Rodney Hogg, v England at the Gabba 1978 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1980 -46th Heisman Trophy Award: George Rogers, South Carolina (RB) 1980 -Mel Harris appears on M*A*S*H in "Cementing Relationships" 1980 -US Justice Dept sues Yonkers siting racial discrimination 1981 -180 dies as Yugoslav DC-9 jetliner slams into a mountain 1981 -Yugoslavic DC-9 crashes into mountain at Corsica, 174 killed 1981 -The AIDS virus is officially recognized. 1982 -Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart 1982 -Michael Jackson releases "Thriller" 1982 -Miguel de la Madrid inaugurated as pres of Mexico 1983 -Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury 1984 -50th Heisman Trophy Award: Doug Flutie, Boston College (QB) 1984 -France performs nuclear test 1984 -Greg Page KOs Gerrie Coetzee in 8 for WBA heavyweight boxing title 1985 -Noraly Beyer becomes Neth's 1st black TV newscaster 1985 -STS 61-C vehicle moves to launch pad 1985 -South Africa's Cosatu union centre forms 1986 -Muséed'orsay opens in Paris 1986 -Paul McCartney releases "Only Love Remains" 1987 -Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel 1988 -596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless 1988 -Benazir Bhutto named 1st female PM of a Moslem country (Pakistan) 1988 -Chinese minister of Foreign affairs Qian Qichen visits Moscow 1988 -NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics 1988 -NY Islanders greatest shutout lose (8-0) vs St Louis Blues 1989 -"Day Without Art"-Artists demonstrate against AIDS 1989 -East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution 1989 -Mark Langston signs record $3.2 million per year Cal Angels contract 1989 -USSR Pres Mikhail S Gorbachev meets Pope John Paul II at the Vatican 1990 -56th Heisman Trophy Award: Ty Detmer, Brigham Young (QB) 1990 -British & French workers meet in English Channel's tunnel (Chunnel) 1990 -Hissène Habré of Chad flees to Cameroon 1990 -Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks 1990 -Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session 1990 -NY Knicks Patrick Ewing scores 50 points beating Charlotte 113-96 1991 -"Moscow Circus Cirk Valentin" closes at Gershwin NYC after 32 perfs 1991 -"Once on this Island" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 469 perfs 1991 -80th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Lyon (3-1) 1991 -AIDS awareness day 1991 -Colorado party wins Paraguay parliamentary election 1991 -Nursultan Nazarbayev sworn in as president of Kazakhstan
1991 -US 75th manned space mission "STS 44" Atlantis 10 lands 1991 -Ukrainian people vote for independence 1992 -2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die 1992 -Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 yrs for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco 1993 -Northwest Airlink plane crashes in Minn, killing 18 1994 -3 Seattle Seahawks injured in a car accident 1994 -Cindy Crawford & Richard Gere announce they are seperating 1994 -Ernesto Zedillo innaugrated as president of Mexico 1994 -PTL leader Jim Bakker released from jail 1994 -Rober Schumanns 2nd Symphony premieres in London 1996 -85th Davis Cup: France beats Sweden in Malmo (3-2) 1996 -Lance Klusener takes 8-64 in debut Test Cricket to trounce India 1997 -GS Warrior guard Latrell Sprewell, attacks his coach P J Carlesimo 1997 -Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Davenport IA on KORB 93.5 FM 1997 -Westinghouse formally changes its name to CBS 1998 -Exxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the world's largest company. 2001 -Captain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. LouisInternationalAirport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA’s purchase by American Airlines.