627 -Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine emperor Heraclius beats Perzen 1098 -1st Crusaders capture & plunder Mara Syria 1408 -Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created on December 12, 1408 by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia. 1474 -Isabella crowns herself queen of Castile & Aragon 1479 -Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III 1524 -Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome 1527 -Composer Adrian Willaert moves from Milan to Venice 1653 -Barebone-parliament ends 1677 -Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin 1700 -Utrecht/Overijssel/Buren/Leerdam/Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar 1715 -Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23] 1769 -Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee 1787 -Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution 1791 -Bank of US opens 1792 -In Vienna, Ludwig Von Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn 1800 -Washington DC established as capital of US 1812 -French invasion of Russia comes to an end. 1822 -Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US 1858 -1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent) 1862 -Battle of Dumfries, VA 1862 -Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed) 1870 -Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps 1871 -Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum 1878 -Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch" 1884 -1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval 1897 -Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania 1897 -Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in NY Journal 1897 -Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded. 1898 -1st 1st-class game between NSW & Tasmania 1899 -1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii 1899 -George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee 1900 -National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice & Sing," composed 1901 -Marconi receives 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US 1903 -Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo 1904 -CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna," premieres in NYC 1906 -Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish govt member, appointed Sec of Commerce 1911 -Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India. 1912 -R Friml/O Harbachs musical "Firefly," premieres in NYC 1913 -"Mona Lisa," stolen from Louvre Museum in 1911, recovered 1913 -Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools 1914 -The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%. 1915 -1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau Germany 1915 -Aristide Briand forms French war govt 1915 -Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia 1916 -Worst train disaster ever (Modane France-543 killed) 1917 -French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543 1917 -Rev Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Neb 1920 -Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse," premieres in Paris 1925 -Arthur Heinman coins term "motel," opens Motel Inn, San Luis Obispo 1925 -Cossack officer/ex-premier Reza Chan becomes shah of Persia 1925 -Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rexa Shah Pahlavi takes over 1926 -Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' 1st Pianoconcert 1928 -Nichols/Brownes "Wings over Europe," premieres in NYC 1930 -Baseball Rules Committee greatly revises the rule book 1930 -Baseball changes rule, ball bounces into stands not a HR, now a double 1930 -Start of the 1st Australia v West Indies Test (at Adelaide) 1931 -Japanese Govt of Imukai forms 1932 -S N Behrmans "Biography," premieres in NYC 1932 -USSR & China resume diplomatic relations 1936 -Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan 1937 -NBC & RCA sends 1st mobile-TV vans onto the streets of NY 1937 -Washington Redskins win NFL championship 1937 -Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations) 1939 -Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die 1940 -British troops conquer Sidi el-Barrani 1941 -European reservists on Java mobilizes 1941 -German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews 1941 -Russian 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk 1942 -German offensive in South Western Stalingrad 1942 -A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland kills 100 people. 1945 -Special Court of justice convicts NSB-leader Mussert to death 1946 -Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building & burying 38 1946 -Tide detergent introduced 1946 -UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D Rockefeller Jr 1947 -United Mine Workers union withdrew from AFL 1948 -Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre - 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village. 1949 -AL votes 7-1 rejecting legalizing the spitball 1950 -16th Heisman Trophy Award: Vic Janowicz, Ohio State (HB) 1950 -Baseball owners vote to drop 4-year old bonus & high school rule 1951 -Joe DiMaggio announces his retirement 1952 -Dallas Texans (former Boston Yanks) play last game, last original team 1953 -Chuck Yeager reaches Mach 2.43 in Bell X-1A rocket plane 1955 -1st prototype of hovercraft patented by Brit eng Christoper Cockerell 1956 -Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign. 1957 -Maj Adrian Drew flies 1,943 kph in F-101 Voodoo 1957 -US announces manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond) 1957 -Jerry Lee Lewis weds his cousin Myra Gale Brown, 13, while still married to his 1st wife Jane Mitcham 1958 -Dutch social democratic party-ministers/premier Drees dismissed 1958 -Fergie Gupte takes 9-102 with leggies v W Indies at Kanpur 1959 -UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established 1961 -Ham radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36 1961 -Martin Luther King Jr & 700 demonstraters arrested in Albany Ga 1962 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1963 -Argentina asks for extradition of ex-president Peron 1963 -Frank Sinatra Jr returned after being kidnapped 1963 -Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK 1964 -Cleveland Browns' Frank Ryan sets club record of 5 TD passes 1964 -Shooting starts for "Star Trek" pilot "The Cage" (Menagerie) 1965 -Beatles last Great Britain concert (Capitol Theatre in Cardiff Wales) 1965 -Doug Walters makes maiden Test ton in 1st Test, goes on to 155
1965 -Gale Sayers of Chicago Bears scores 6 TDs, ties NFL record 1965 -Vivian Beaumont Theater opens at 65th St & Amsterdam Ave NYC 1966 -US Supreme Courts votes 4-3 allowing Braves to move to Atlanta 1967 -US launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit 1968 -Arthur Ashe becomes 1st black to be ranked #1 in tennis 1968 -Rolling Stones film TV show "Rock 'n Roll Circus"-never aired 1968 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1969 -"Hello Dolly" with Barbra Striesand premieres 1969 -Bill Toomey achieves world record-score (8417 points) 1969 -Bomb attack on bank in Milan, 14 killed 1969 -Strategia della tensione: Piazza Fontana bombing - The offices of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed. 1970 -Polish government proclaims price rise 1970 -Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 42 launched to study X-rays 1970 -USSR performs underground nuclear test 1973 -Canada begins selling Olympic coins ($5 & $10 silver coins) 1973 -San Diego files anti-trust against NL (stopping Padres move to DC) 1975 -Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 (Mecca Saudi Arabia) 1975 -Sara Jane Moore pled guilty to trying to kill Pres Gerald Ford 1976 -QB Joe Namath last game as a NY Jet 1977 -Yanks purchase Andy Messersmith from Braves 1979 -Gold hits record $462.50 an ounce 1979 -Rhodesia becomes independent nation of Zimbabwe 1979 -President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam. 1980 -US's copyright law amended to include computer programs 1981 -"1st" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 37 performances 1981 -Gambia & Senegal sign agreement to be known as Senegambia in Feb 1982 1981 -Wayne Gretzky scores quickest 50th goal (game 39) 1982 -"Herman Van Veen: All of Him" closes at Ambassador NYC after 6 perf 1982 -$9,800,000 in cash stolen from money transport car in NYC 1982 -57th Australian Womens Tennis: C Evert beats M Navratilova (63 26 63) 1982 -Joanne Carner/John Mahaffey wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 1983 -A truck bomb explodes at US Embassy in Kuwait 1985 -248 US soldiers & 8 crew members die in Arrow Air charter crash 1985 -DC-8 crashes near Gander, Newfoundland; 258 die 1985 -NASA launches space vehicle S-207 1986 -David Boon's fourth Test century, 103 v England at Adelaide 1986 -James "Bone Crusher" Smith TKO's WBA champ Tim Witherspoon in MSG 1986 -Russian Tupolev-134 crashes in East Berlin, 70 killed 1986 -South African journalist Zwelakhe Sisulu arrested 1987 -Mookie Blaylock sets NBA record of 13 steals in a game 1987 -Okla's sets NCAA record of 33 steals vs Centenary 1987 -Rollermania at MSG, Eastern Express beats Midwest Pioneers 1988 -3 trains collide in London, 40 die 1988 -NYC Subway system adds new stations (Z line) 1988 -PLO leader Yasi Arafat accepts Israel's right to exist 1988 -Sandra Miller of Queens sues Mike Tyson for sexual harassment 1990 -US accuses Iraq of dragging its feet on dates for talks 1990 -US ambassador to Kuwait, Nathaniel Howell leaves Kuwait 1991 -Actor Richard Gere marries super model Cindy Crawford 1991 -Maastricht Treaty signed to create a European Community 1991 -NJ Nets set NBA record of 22 blocks beating Nuggets 121-81 1991 -Orion Pictures filed Chapter 11 for bankruptcy protection 1991 -Tampa Bay Bucaneer Dexter Manley, retires after failing drug test 1992 -58th Heisman Trophy Award: Gino Torretta, Miami-Fla (QB) 1992 -6.8-7.5 earthquake strikes Flores Island (tsunami kills 3,000) 1992 -Japanese crown prince Naruhito announces engagement to Masaka Owada 1992 -Julia Kurotchkina, 18, of Russia, crowned 42nd Miss World 1992 -NY Giants lose 19-0 to Phoenix Cardinals 1993 -"Any Given Day" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 32 performances 1993 -"Kentucky Cycle" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 34 performances 1993 -WAQX 104.3 (Q-104) rock format replaces WNCN classic format in NYC 1995 -CBC announces Radio Canada International service to end on March 31 1995 -Israeli PM Shimon Peres address both house of US congress 1995 -NBA referees return to work after striking 1995 -Amendment to make it illegal to physically desecrate the flag turned down by senate 63-36 (need 2/3 vote) 1996 -Assassination attempt on Uday (Iraqi's heir to Sadam Hussain) 1996 -Marlins sign their 6th free-agent since Nov 22, Moises Alou 1997 -Carlos the Jackal, "professional revolutionary" goes on trial in Paris 1997 -Florida releases Alex Arias, the last original Marlin 1997 -Japanese train builders (Maglev) claim world speed record at 332 MPH 1997 -Red Sox sign Pedro Martinez to record 6 year $69 million contract 1997 -SWAT team shoots John E Armstrong in Fla, freeing 2 young hostages 1997 -TWA 800 hearings end 1997 -Fed judge sentences Autumn Jackson, who claims to be Bill Cosby's daughter, to 26 months for trying to extort $40 million from him 2000 -The United States Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore 2006 -Peugeot produces its last car at the Ryton Plant signalling the end of mass car production in Coventry, formerly a major centre of the British motor industry.