694 -Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems/sentenced to slavery 1282 -Pope Martinus IV excommunicates king Pedro III of Aragonorth 1313 -Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gamelsdorf. 1330 -Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeats the Hungarian army in an ambush 1492 -Peace of Etaples (Henry VII & Charles VIII) 1494 -Family de' Medici become rulers of Florence 1520 -Swedish King Christian II executes 600 nobles 1526 -Jews are expelled from Pressburg Hungary by Maria of Hapsburg 1541 -Queen Catharine Howard confined in London Tower 1569 -Catholic uprising under Northumberland & Westmoreland 1580 -Spanish troops lands in Ireland 1673 -British king Charles II fires earl of Shaftesbury 1681 -Hungarian parliament promises protestants freedom of religion 1697 -Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia. 1720 -Rabbi Yehuda Hasid synagogue set afire 1729 -Spain, France & England signs Treaty of Seville 1764 -Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet. 1794 -Russian troops occupy Warsaw 1799 -Napoleon becomes dictator (1st consul) of France 1821 -1st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Phila 1848 -Post office at Clay & Pike opens 1848 -Robert Blum, a German revolutionary, is executed in Vienna. 1851 -Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape. 1853 -Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun 1854 -Franz Liszt's "Fest-Long," premieres 1857 -Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published 1858 -1st performance of NY Symphony Orchestra 1861 -1st documented Canadian football game (at U of Toronto) 1861 -Battle of Piketon, Ky 1862 -US Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him 1864 -1st export of goods from Burrard Inlet, BC to a foreign country 1864 -Sherman issues preliminary plans for his "March to the Sea" 1872 -Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Boston 1872 -The Great Boston Fire of 1872. 1877 -American Chemical Society chartered in NY 1885 -Opera "Ermine," premieres in London 1888 -Jack Ripper's 5th & last known victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found 1899 -Boerenaanval up Ladysmith, Natal, attack 1904 -1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes 1905 -Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages 1906 -T Roosevelt is 1st pres to visit other countries (P Rico & Panama) 1907 -Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club 1st game, loses to Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club 26-5 at Edmonton Exhibition Grounds 1907 -The Cullinan Diamond is presented to King Edward VII on his birthday. 1912 -Ferenc Molnàrs "Farkas," premieres in Budapest 1913 -Storm "Freshwater Fury" sinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes 1915 -Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272 1918 -Bavaria proclaims itself a republic 1918 -Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I 1918 -Republic Germany proclaimed 1921 -Partito Nazionalista Fascista, forms in Italy by Mussolini 1923 -Beer Hall Putsch-Nazis fail to overthrow govt, 16 die/Hitler flees 1924 -Miriam (Ma) Ferguson becomes 1st elected woman governor (of Texas) 1925 -German NSDAP form SS 1927 -Giant Panda discovered, China 1927 -Pastor of Have begins blessing of motorcars/motors 1930 -1st nonstop airplane flight from NY to Panama 1932 -Hurricane storm wave sweeps over Santa Cruz del Sur Cuba kills 2,500 1932 -Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60. 1935 -Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) labor union forms 1935 -Japan invades Shanghai China 1936 -Albanian govt of Frasheri falls 1937 -Japans army conquers Shanghai 1937 -St Louis Cards Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP 1938 -Al Capp, cartoonist of Lil' Abner creates Sadie Hawkins Day 1938 -Kristallnacht, Nazi Germany's first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins. 1939 -"Ninotchka," with Greta Garbo premieres 1939 -Nobel for physics awarded to Ernest O Lawrence (cyclotron) 1939 -Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 English agents 1940 -Germany invades Norway & Denmark in WW II 1941 -Hitler threatens bishop Clemens earl von Galen of Munster 1942 -German occupiers put Erik Scavenius as Danish premier 1942 -Transport nr 44 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 1944 -Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize 1944 -Walcheren of nazi troops purged 1946 -Pres Truman ends wage/price freeze 1949 -Costa Rica adopts Constitution 1950 -Boston Brave Sam Jethroe wins NL Rookie of Year 1950 -Phillies skipper Eddie Sawyer selected as Manager of Year 1950 -White Sox release Luke Appling, who had been a Sox since 1930 1953 -Cambodia (now Kampuchea) gains independence within French Union 1953 -KTVQ TV channel 2 in Billings, MT (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting 1953 -Supreme Court rules Major League baseball exempt from anti-trust laws 1953 -Cambodia becomes independent from France. 1955 -Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain," premieres in NYC 1955 -NZ all out for 70 v Pakistan at Dacca 1955 -UN disapproves of South Africa's apartheid politics 1956 -Lou Thesz beats Whipper Billy Watson in St Louis, to become NWA champ 1961 -PGA eliminates caucasians only rule 1961 -Paddy Chayefsky's "Gideon," premieres in NYC 1961 -USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 30,970m 1962 -Dutch Catharina Lodders elected Miss World 1962 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1963 -"Tovarich" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 264 performances 1963 -2 high-speed commuter trains collided with a derailed freight 1963 -450 die in a coal-dust explosion & 160 die in train crash (Japan) 1964 -"Comedy in Music-Opus 2" opens at John Golden NYC for 192 perfs 1964 -Eisaku Sato becomes premier of Japan 1965 -1st NY Knick game postponed (black-out) vs St Louis 1965 -5:16 PM, massive power failure in New Engl, & Ontario (NY blackout) 1965 -Hurricane hits north east US/Canada
1965 -Willie Mays named NL MVP 1965 -Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965. 1966 -"Let's Sing Yiddish" opens at Brooks Atkinson NYC for 107 perfs 1966 -Oakland Coliseum Arena opens 1967 -1st unmanned Saturn V flight to test Apollo 4 reentry module 1967 -Surveyor 6 soft lands on Moon 1968 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1970 -Trial of Seattle 8 anti-war protesters begins 1971 -David Storey's "Changing Room," premieres in London 1971 -John List kills family & moves to Colorado 1972 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1973 -Fire at Taiyo dept store, kills 101 & injures 84 (Kumamoto Japan) 1973 -Govt De Uyl decides Palestijnse fugitives to support 1973 -Ringo releases "Ringo" album 1976 -Oakland releases Billy Williams, ending his Hall of Fame career 1976 -UN General Assembly condemns apartheid in South Africa 1977 -Reds' George Foster wins NL MVP 1978 -NASL realligns its 24 teams into 6 divisions 1980 -Iraqi President Saddam Hussein declares holy war against Iran 1980 -Tatsuko Ohsako wins LPGA Mazda Japan Golf Classic 1982 -Brewers' Robin Yount wins AL MVP, unanimously 1982 -Sugar Ray Leonard retires for 1st time 1983 -Amsterdam brewer Freddie Heineken kidnapped 1983 -Discovery flies from Vandenberg AFB to Kennedy Space Center 1984 -1st-class cricket debut for Brian McMillan, Transvaal B v N Tvl B 1984 -Larry Holmes TKOs Bonecrusher Smith in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 1984 -Most shots in an Islander game-88-Isles 45, Rangers 43 1984 -Vietnam Veterans Memorial ("3 Servicemen") completed 1985 -"News" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 4 performances 1985 -Gary Kasparov becomes world chess champion 1985 -Richard Hadlee takes 9-52 v Australia at the Gabba 1985 -Surprise attack on Belgium supermarket in Aalst, 8 killed 1986 -Ai-Yu Tu wins LPGA Mazda Japan Golf Classic 1986 -Pakistan all out for 77 v West Indies at Lahore 1988 -"Prince of Central Park" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 4 perfs 1988 -MLB All-Star team beat Japan 8-2 in Nishinomya, (Game 4 of 7) 1989 -East Berlin opens its borders 1990 -Tanzania govt of Malecela forms 1990 -New democratic constitution is issued in Nepal. 1991 -Houston's Roman Anderson is 1st NCAA to kick 400 pts 1992 -Howard Stern's radio show begins broadcast in Las Vegas Nevada (KFBI) 1992 -Prix Goncourt awarded to Patrick Chamoiseau for "Texaco" 1993 -"Cinderella" opens at New York State Theater NYC for 14 performances 1993 -Serbian army fires on school in Sarajevo, 9 children died 1993 -Stari most, the "old bridge" in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapses after several days of bombing. 1994 -Chandrika Kumaratunga chosen 1st female president of Sri Lanka 1994 -The chemical element Darmstadtium is discovered. 1995 -"Danny Gans on Broadway" opens at Neil Simon Theater NYC 1997 -"Cherry Orchard," closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC 1997 -"Scarlet Pimpernel," opens at Minskoff Theater NYC 1997 -Energizer Senior Golf Tour Championship 1997 -Liselotte Neumann wins LPGA Toray Japan Queens Cup 1997 -Toray Japan Queens Cup 1998 -Brokerage houses are ordered to pay 1.03 billion USD to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history. 1998 -Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, is completely abolished for all remaining capital offences. 1999 -TAESA Flight 725, crashes a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan airport en-route to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident. 2003 -A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people. 2004 -Video game Halo 2 a first person shooter first released on Xbox by Bungie Studios 2005 -Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people. 2005 -The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency is launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.