1370 -Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania 1500 -Battle of Hemmingstedt. 1568 -Holy Roman Emperor agrees to pay tribute to the Sultan for peace 1598 -Boris Godunov chosen tsar of Russia 1600 -Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy. 1621 -Miles Standish appointed 1st commander of Plymouth colony 1634 -William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti 1670 -France & Bavaria sign military assistance treaty 1676 -Kings Charles II & Louis XIV sign secret treaty 1691 -Thomas Neale granted British patent for American postal service 1714 -Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" degree 1772 -1st partition of Poland-Russia & Prussia, joined later by Austria 1776 -1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline & Fall of Roman Empire" published 1791 -Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra) 1795 -Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden Chester, England 1801 -House breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson pres over Burr 1814 -Battle of Mormans. 1817 -1st US city lit by gas (Baltimore) 1818 -Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle) 1836 -HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Tasmania 1841 -Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de Wégimont 1848 -Toscane gets liberal Constitution 1854 -British recognize independence of Orange Free State (South Africa) 1859 -Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli 1864 -Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic" 1865 --18] Battle of Charleston SC 1865 -Columbia SC burns down during Civil War 1867 -1st ship passes through Suez Canal 1867 -Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary 1870 -Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge 1870 -Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War 1876 -Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine) 1878 -1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones 1880 -Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt 1882 -1st Test Cricket match played at Sydney Cricket Ground 1883 -A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London 1885 -Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa 1896 -London Country Councils' Muzzling Order becomes effective 1897 -National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association) 1904 -Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly," premieres in Milan 1905 -Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall 1906 -Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House 1911 -1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego) 1913 -1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon) 1913 -NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public 1915 -Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded 1916 -Romberg/Hanley/Atteridge/Smith' musical premieres in NYC 1921 -Arthur Honegger's "Pastorale D'ete," premieres 1923 -Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals) 1924 -Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds) 1926 -Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch Bingham Utah, 40 die 1926 -Tennis star Suzanne Lenglen beats Helen Wills in their only match 1930 -French govt of Tardieu, falls 1931 -1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball) 1931 -Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game 1932 -Irving Berlin's musical "Face the Music," premieres in NYC 1933 -1st issue of "Newsweek" magazine published 1933 -Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead in the comic Blondie 1933 -Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam 1933 -US Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition 1934 -1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn) 1936 -"Phantom" cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts 1936 --58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record) 1936 -SN Behrmann's "End of Summer," premieres in NYC 1936 -The world's first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics. 1938 -1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London) 1939 -Katwijk soccer team forms 1940 -Bradman scores 135 in a non-Shield match for SA v West Australia 1940 -British destroyers board German Altmark off Norway 1941 -Joe Louis KOs Gus Dorazio in 2 for heavyweight boxing title 1943 --19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje 1943 -Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews 1943 -Gen-major Bradley flies to Wash DC 1943 -NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army 1944 -Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22 1944 -US begins night bombing of Truk 1946 -Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam 1947 -Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism" 1947 -Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR 1949 -Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel 1949 -Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN 1949 -Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE 1949 -Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA 1949 -Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris 1950 -31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY 1953 -Baseball star/pilot Ted Williams uninjured as plane shot down in Korea 1953 -DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven 1955 -Ice Dance Championship at Vienna Austria won by J Westwood/Demmy GRB 1955 -Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe & Bowden of CAN 1955 -KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting 1955 -Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US 1955 -Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257 1956 -Ice Dance Championship at Garmisch won by Pamela Weight/P Thomas GRB 1956 -Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT 1956 -Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA 1956 -Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA 1957 -Fire in Warreton Mo, kills 72 1957 -Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 1957 -Suez Canal reopens 1957 -A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
1958 -Comic strip "BC" 1st appears 1958 -WETV (now WPBA) TV channel 30 in Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting 1959 -1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg 1962 -Beach Boys introduced a new musical style with their hit "Surfin" 1962 -Storm in Hamburg, kills 265 1962 -Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila Warriors scores 67 points vs St Louis 1963 -Toru Terasawa runs world record marathon (2:15:15.8 1964 -101st member elected to baseball's hall of fame (Luke Appling) 1964 -US House of Reps accept Law on the civil rights 1964 -US Supreme court rules - 1 man 1 vote (Westberry v Sanders) 1964 -WMEM TV channel 10 in Presque Isle, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting 1965 -US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures 1965 -US-Japan baseball relations suspended over Masanori Murakami dispute 1966 -French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit 1967 -Beatles release "Penny Lane" & "Strawberry Fields" 1967 -Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit 1968 -Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Springfield Mass, opens 1969 -Bob Dylan & Johnny Cash record an album (never released) 1969 -Golda Meir sworn in as Israel's 1st female prime minister 1970 -Jeffrey McDonald slices up his wife & daughter 1970 -Joni Mitchell's final concert (Royal Albert Hall) 1970 -Robert Marasco's "Child's Play," premieres in NYC 1971 -England regains cricket Ashes with a 2-0 series win 1972 -British Parliament votes to join European Common Market 1972 -President Nixon leaves Washington DC for China 1972 -Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model-T. 1973 -Rodney Redmond scores 107 on debut v Pakistan, his only Test Cricket 1974 -49 die in stampede for seats at soccer match, Cairo, Egypt 1974 -Carol Mann wins LPGA Naples Lely Golf Classic 1974 -Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter. 1976 -"Rockabye Hamlet" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 7 performances 1976 -Macau adopts constitution (Organic Law of Macau) 1976 -NZ scores their 1st innings win in Test Cricket, v India 1976 -Richard Hadlee takes 7-23 v India, his 1st match-winning spell 1979 -China invades Vietnam 1979 -Eric Heiden equals skating world record 1000m (1:14.99) 1979 -The Sino-Vietnamese War begins. 1980 -Buddy Baker wins Daytona 500 (177.6 MPH/285.8 kph) 1980 -Dot Germain wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic 1981 -Chrysler Corp reports largest corporate losses in US history 1982 -Commencement of Sri Lanka's 1st Test Cricket match, v England 1983 -Bob Bourne fails on 8th Islander penalty shot 1983 -Netherlands adopts constitution 1983 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1985 -1st class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents 1985 -1st day/night game at the MCG, Australia v England 1985 -3rd person to receive an artificial heart (Murray Haydon) 1985 -Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater 1985 -Laffit Pincay Jr is third to ride 6,000th winners at Santa Anita 1986 -1st Francophone Summit convenes at Versailles 1986 -Howard Stern radio show returns to NYC morning radio (WXRK 92.3 FM) 1986 -Johnson & Johnson announces it no longer sell capsule drugs 1986 -Libyan bombers attack N'djamena Airport in Chad 1987 -Don Mattingly wins highest salary arbitration ($1,975,000 per year) 1987 -Michelle Renee Royer, 21, (Texas), crowned 36th Miss USA 1988 -Lebanese terrorists kidnap UN truce observer Lt Col William Higgins 1988 -US Lt Col Wm Higgins kidnapped by Lebanese terrorists & later killed 1989 -6-week study of Arctic atmosphere shows no ozone "hole" 1989 -Former baseball player/manager Leo Durocher injured in a car crash 1989 -Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market 1989 -Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs record $7.9M-3 year contract 1989 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1989 -Whitesnake's rocker David Coverdale weds actress Tawny Kitaen 1991 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge 1993 -Haitian ferry boat capsize in storm, 800-2,000 die 1993 -Mark Foster swims world record 50m free style (21.60 sec) 1995 -11th Soap Opera Digest Awards 1995 -Colin Fergusson found guilty of killing 6 people on the LIRR in NY 1995 -Tiger mgr Sparky Anderson takes unpaid leave due to baseball strike 1995 -Federal judge allows lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive & manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked 1996 -1st full ODI for the Netherlands, v NZ, cricket World Cup Nolan Clarke makes ODI debut for Netherlands at age 47 1997 -Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Pasadena Calif 1997 -Weekly Standard shows evidence Larry Flint sex abused his daughter 1998 -Diane Zamora, 20, Naval Academy cadet convicted of capital murder 1998 -Larry Wayne Harris & Bill Levitt arrested for possession of anthrax 2002 -Westlife go to No.1 on the UK singles chart with 'World Of Our Own.' The Irish boy band's 10th UK No.1 single. 2002 -'Always On Time' by R&B artist Ja Rule featuring Ashanti starts a two-week run at No.1 on the US singles chart. 2003 -The London Congestion Charge scheme begins. 2006 -A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll is set at 1,126. 2008 -Kosovo declares independence from Serbia.