399 -Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death 590 -Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia 732 -Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line 1145 -Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III 1313 -Peace of Angleur 1386 -Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders 1539 -Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo 1552 -Dutch coast hit by heavy storm 1563 -Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania 1637 -Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor 1677 -King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands 1686 -Jean Baptiste Lully's opera "Armide," premieres in Paris 1689 -German Parliament declares war on France 1745 -Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny," premieres in London 1763 -Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg 1764 -St Louis founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue 1764 -The city of St. Louis, Missouri is established. 1768 -1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia 1775 -Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI 1797 -Battle of Cape St Vincent 1799 -1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania 1804 -New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery 1805 -Harmony Society is officially formed. 1842 -1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC 1845 -William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector 1848 -Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston 1851 -Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave 1852 -Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient 1861 -Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger) 1862 -Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee 1864 -Fire in Rotterdam Neth damages Museum Boymans 1869 -Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped 1870 -Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn 1876 -Historic Elm at Boston blown down 1879 -Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Ct 1882 -1st cargo of frozen meat leaves NZ for Britain, on SS Dunedin 1891 -AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens. 1895 -23 cm (9") of snow falls on New Orleans 1898 -USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown-258 sailors die 1900 -General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes 1902 -Underground railway (U-Bahn) 1903 -1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom 1905 -1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark) 1906 -British Labour Party organizes 1910 -The Boy Scouts of America is founded. 1912 -Fram reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship 1913 -1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC 1916 -NY Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500 1917 -SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated 1918 -1st WW I US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland 1918 -Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar 1919 -American Legion organizes in Paris 1921 -Arthur Mailey completes 9-121 v England, Australian Test Cricket rec 1922 -Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex 1926 -Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC 1926 -Contract air mail service begins in US 1929 -St Valentine's Day massacre (Chicago) 1930 -Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes 1931 -1st Dracula movie released 1931 -Spring training site of NY Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager 1932 -3rd Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY 1932 -Aust beat S Africa in cricket by an inn in 5 hrs 53 min playing time 1932 -George Burns & Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on "Guy Lombardo Show" 1932 -John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet," premieres in NYC 1932 -US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold) 1933 -Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party 1933 -Pres-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt 1933 -Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin 1936 --60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record) 1936 -Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game) 1936 -Sonja Henie, Norway, wins 3rd consecutive Olympic figure skating gold 1939 -German battleship Bismarck was launched 1939 -Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes," premieres in NYC 1941 -Duke Ellington 1st records "Take the A Train" 1942 -German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery 1942 -Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra 1942 -Singapore surrenders to Japanese 1943 -Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid 1944 -891 British bombers attack Berlin 1944 -Bombing & shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins 1946 -Bank of England nationalized 1947 -"Toplitzky of Notre Dame" closes at Century Theater NYC after 60 perfs 1948 -Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan 1949 -Dmitri Shostakovitch' "Song of the Woods," premieres in Leningrad 1950 -KENS TV channel 5 in San Antonio, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting 1950 -WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba," premieres in NYC 1950 -WSYR (now WSTM) TV channel 3 in Syracuse, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting 1950 -Walt Disney's "Cinderella" released 1952 -King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. 1954 -1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California 1954 -WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting 1955 -1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced 1956 -Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland 1956 -Pirates & KC A's cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white 1957 -Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister 1958 -Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by June Markham/Courtney Jones GRB 1958 -Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN 1958 -Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA 1958 -Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA 1958 -Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-govt of Middle Sumatra
1959 -Antonio Segni forms Italian govt 1959 -Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Tournament 1961 -Australia beat WI 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever 1961 -Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash 1962 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1963 -1st US female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright) 1963 -Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else 1964 -Beatles' "Meet the Beatles!," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 11 weeks 1964 -Bill Bradley scores 51 points for Princeton 1965 -Canada replaces Union Jack flag with Maple Leaf 1965 -John Lennon passes his driving test 1965 -Maple Leaf becomes official flag of Canada 1966 -Kees Verkerk becomes world champion all-round skater 1967 -1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted 1967 -D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber 1967 -Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23) 1968 -Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver 1968 -WVUT TV channel 22 in Vincennes, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting 1970 -Ard Schenk becomes world champion all-round skater 1970 -Carol Mann wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational 1970 -Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102 1970 -KAMU TV channel 15 in College Station, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting 1970 -Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo 1971 -After 1,200 years Britain abandons 12-shilling system for decimal 1971 -Decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day. 1972 -Bill Torrey becomes 1st Islander General Manager 1972 -Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros/Tenedos 1972 -Pres Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time 1972 -Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time. 1973 -Friendsville Academy (Tenn) ends 138-game basketball losing streak 1973 -USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km) 1976 -12th Winter Olympic games close at Innsbruck, Austria 1976 -Joanne Carner wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic 1977 -Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election 1978 -England all out 64 for 1st loss to NZ in cricket (Boycott capt) 1978 -Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Fla 1978 -Leon Spinks beats Muhammad Ali in 15 for heavyweight boxing title 1978 -Zaire revises constitution 1979 -21st Grammy Awards: Just the Way You Are, Taste of Honey wins 1979 -Paul Shirley (21) of Australia, sucked a lifesaver for 4 hrs 40 mins 1979 -Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appears on Mike Douglas Show 1979 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1980 -Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 500m in 38.03 sec 1980 -Wayne Gretzy assists on NHL-record-tieing 7 goals 1981 -Joanne Carner wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic 1981 -Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George, NY 1982 -Dan Issel (NBA-Nuggets), begins streak of 63 consecutive free throw 1982 -Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die 1984 -500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq 1985 -STS 51-E vehicle moves to launch pad 1985 -World chess championship match abandoned-Karpov 25, Kasparov 23 1986 -44,180 largest NBA crowd to date-Phila at Detroit 1986 -Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged Philippines presidential election 1986 -Phil Natl Assembly authorizes 6 more years for Ferdinand Marcos 1987 -ABC-TV begins broadcasting "Amerika" mini-series 1987 -Karlstad skates world record 10km (14:03,92) 1987 -Nikolai Guljajev becomes world champion skater 1987 -Craig Stadler disqualified from Andy Williams Open for kneeling on a towel to make a shot 1988 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1989 -Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt 1989 -Soviet military occupation of Afgh nist n ends 1990 -Baseball owners lock out players 1991 -Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die 1991 -Troy State sets NCAA Div II record with 103 points in 2nd half routing DeVry Institute 187-117 1992 -100th episode of "Cops" airs on Fox 1992 -Jeffrey Dahmer found sane & guilty of killing 15 boys 1993 -Bomb strike on mafia drug lords in Bogot , Colombia; kills 14 1993 -Bombings by mafia drug lords kill 14 in Bogota Colombia 1993 -Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Rochester NY on WNVE 95.1 FM 1993 -Katie Elizabeth Hillyard was born, famous English young composer of the year 2007.England 1994 -US asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti 1995 -Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko, resigns 1995 -Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17 1995 -Population of People's Republic of China hits 1.2 billion 1996 -Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece. 1997 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski 1997 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge 1998 -Dale Eggeling wins Los Angeles Women's Golf Championship 1998 -Daytona 500 race 1999 -Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party, widely recognized as terrorist organization), was arrested in Kenya. 2000 -Indian Point II nuclear power plant in New YorkState vents a small amount of radioactive steam when a steam generator fails. 2001 -First draft of the complete Human Genome is published in Nature 2002 -At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on the crematorium's property. The discovery reveals one of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry. 2003 -An estimated eleven million people around the world take to the streets to protest against the looming war with Iraq 2005 -YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States.