1130 -Gregorio de' Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II 1258 -Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed. 1349 -Jews are expelled from Burgsordf Switzerland 1503 -Disfida di Barletta - Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta. 1510 -Charles of Gelre conquerors Oldenzaal 1545 -Willem of Nassau becomes prince of Orange 1566 -St Augustine, Florida founded 1575 -Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims. 1575 -Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont. 1601 -John Lancaster leads 1st East India Company voyage from London 1633 -Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun 1635 -Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded 1651 -Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo 1668 -Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal 1678 -Tycho Brahe 1st sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system 1689 -British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights 1692 -MacDonald clan murdered on orders of King William III 1692 -Massacre of Glencoe : About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange. 1693 -College of William & Mary opens 1706 -Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia/Saksen 1741 -Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine) 1755 -Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java 1777 -de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress 1782 -French fleet occupies St Christopher 1786 -Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia 1795 -1st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina 1799 -1st US law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts 1809 -French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege 1815 -The Cambridge Union Society is founded. 1816 --14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire 1826 -American Temperance Society, forms in Boston 1832 -1st appearance of cholera at London 1837 -Riot in NY over high price of flour 1858 -Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa 1860 -King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes 1861 -1st military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, AZ 1861 -Abraham Lincoln declared president 1861 -Col Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians 1862 --Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN 1864 -Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi 1866 -Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000) 1867 -Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna 1880 -Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards. 1881 -The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert. 1886 -Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class 1895 -Moving picture projector patented 1899 --16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record) 1899 --1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La 1899 --2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record) 1905 --29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record) 1905 --40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record) 1905 --40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record) 1907 -English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested 1912 -England regains cricket's Ashes 1914 -American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC 1920 -National Negro Baseball League organizes 1920 -League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland 1920 -Switzerland rejoin League of Nations 1923 -1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance," organizes 1924 -King Tut's tomb opened 1925 -US Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult 1927 -Uprising against Portuguese regime of Gen Carmona defeated 1929 -Cruiser Act: OKs construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier 1929 -Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop," premieres in Moscow 1932 -"Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang" 1934 -Austrian Dollfuss govt bans socialistic party 1934 -The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean. 1935 -1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland 1935 -Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh's infant 1937 -"Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail 1937 -Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket 1937 -Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship 1937 -NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC 1937 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson 1937 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee 1940 -Bradman scores 209* in 161 minutes for South Aust at the WACA 1941 -Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council 1942 -Hitler's Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled 1943 -German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front 1943 -Women's Marine Corps created 1945 -Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die 1945 -Gerbrandy British govt refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy 1945 -USSR captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die 1946 -"Duchess Misbehaves" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 5 performances 1948 -Andy Ganteaume scores 112 for W Indies in only Test Cricket innings 1948 -Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL 1948 -Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA 1948 -Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England 1952 -Rocky Marciano defeated Lee Savold for his 39th straight win 1953 -A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium 1954 -Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95 1955 -Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls 1955 -KRCG TV channel 13 in Jefferson City, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting 1955 -Patty Berg wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 1956 -KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland 1957 -Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans 1959 -Barbie doll goes on sale 1959 -Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns 1960 -"Beg, Borrow or Steal" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 5 perfs 1960 -"Saratoga" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 80 performances
1960 -France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria 1961 -Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records 1961 -Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus 1965 -Peggy Fleming, 16, wins ladies senior figure skating title 1965 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming 1965 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti 1966 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1968 -US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam 1969 -Mary Hopkin's Postcard album on Apple is released 1969 -Suriname govt of Pengel resigns 1970 -Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi 1970 -NL offices begins move from Cin to SF (completed Feb 23) 1971 -12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos 1971 -Golfing VP Spiro Agnew hits 2 tee shots into crowd, injuring 2 1972 -"1776" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,217 performances 1972 -"Grease" opens on Broadway 1972 -11th Winter Olympic games close at Sapporo, Japan 1973 -Musical "El Grande de Coca-Cola," premieres in NYC 1973 -US dollar devalues 10% 1974 -"Rainbow Jones" opens & closes at Music Box Theater NYC 1974 -Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from USSR 1974 -James "Cool Papa" Bell is named to baseball's Hall of Fame 1975 -Cyprus premier Denktash procliams Turkish-Cypriot Federation 1976 -Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria 1976 -Peter Casserly of NZ hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 holes 1977 -"Guys & Dolls" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 239 performances 1977 -"Ipi Tombi" closes at Harkness Theater NYC after 39 performances 1977 -"Robber Bridegroom" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 145 perfs 1977 -Eric Heiden is 1st American to win world speed skating championship 1977 -Pam Higgins wins LPGA American Cancer Society Golf Classic 1978 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1979 -2nd Emmy Sports Award presentation 1979 -Washington State's Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm 1980 -Apollo Computer Inc incorporated 1980 -NZ beats West Indies by one wicket in cricket at Dunedin 1981 -Longest sentence published by NY Times-1286 words 1981 -A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky. 1982 -Dark Side of the Moon, is on charts for 402nd week 1982 -Islander's Bryan Trottier scores 5 goals against Flyers 1983 -"Merlin" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 199 performances 1983 -33rd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 132-123 at LA 1983 -Australia beats NZ 2-0 to win World Series Cup 1983 -Donna White wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic 1983 -E Bernstein, Levinson & Link's musical "Merlin" premieres in NYC 1983 -World Boxing Council becomes 1st to cut boxing from 15 to 12 rounds 1984 -6 year old Texan Stormie Jones gets 1st heart & liver transplant 1984 -Konstantin Chernenko succeeds Yuri Andropov as USSR leader 1985 -Dow Jones closes at 1297.92 (record high) after topping 1300 earlier 1985 -Polish police arrests 7 Solidarity leaders 1987 -Tigers' Jack Morris awarded $1.85 million salary by arbitrator 1988 -15th Winter Olympic games opens at Calgary, Canada 1988 -Christine Wachtel runs world record 800m indoor (1:56:40) 1988 -European Community plans removal of inner boundaries on Jan 1, 1992 1988 -Heike Dreschler long jumps world record indoor (7.37m) 1988 -Ronald Weigel runs unofficial world record speed walking (18:11.41) 1989 -Kidnapped Belgian Premier Vanden Boeynants freed 1989 -Salvadoran army attacks Encuentros hospital, rapes, kills patients 1989 -Oklahoma football player Charles Thompson is charged with selling cocaine; he is later sentenced to 2 years in prison 1990 -50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa 1990 -Larry Bird (Celtics) ends NBA free throw streak of 71 games 1990 -US, England, France & England give Germany OK to reunify 1991 -Syria tells Germany they are ready to recognize Israel 1991 -US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334 1991 -US air raid on the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad kills more than 408 civilians 1992 -"Most Happy Fella" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 229 performances 1992 -Jose Canseco repeatedly rams his Porsche into wife Esther's BMW 1992 -West beats East 14 to 9 in Major Soccer League all star game 1993 -Ljubow Kremljowa runs world record 1000m indoor (2:34:84) 1993 -Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (21.87 sec) 1993 -Sergei Bubka pole vaults indoor record (6.14 m) 1994 -44th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 127-118 at Minneapolis 1994 -Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.9m 1994 -Johann Olav Koss skates world record 5000m 6:34,96 1994 -Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200 1995 -Howard Stern radio show premieres in San Diego CA on KIOZ 105.3 FM 1995 -West Indies beat NZ by innings & 332, Courtney Walsh 13-55 1996 -Howard Stern announces he will be making the film "Private Parts" 1996 -Rock musical "Rent," by Jonathan Larson, opens off-Broadway 1997 -"Three Sisters," opens at Criterion Theater NYC 1997 -Discovery captures Hubble Space Telescope 2000 -The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies. 2001 -An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400. 2004 -The Harvard-SmithsonianCenter for Astrophysics discovers the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093. 2007 -Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election. 2008 -Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes an historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations. 2009 -Unix time passed 1,234,567,890 seconds February 13, 2009 at exactly 23:31:30 (UTC).