1049 -Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX 1111 -German King Hendry V arrives at St Peter, Rome 1130 -Pope Innocent II elected 1502 -Granada] Moslems forced to convert to Catholicism 1502 -Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India. 1528 -Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor & ecclesiastical power 1541 -Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24) 1577 -Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict" 1624 -English parliament comes together 1700 -The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe. 1709 -Alexander Selkirk, Scottish seaman is rescued after 4+ years from Fernandez Island (inspiration for Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe") 1719 -The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded. 1733 -Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah 1736 -Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I) 1762 -English fleet occupies Martinique 1763 -John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs 1771 -Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden. 1772 -Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India 1793 -1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves 1797 -Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," premieres in Vienna 1818 -Chile gains independence from Spain 1821 -Mercantile Library of City of NY opens 1825 -Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826 1832 -Ecuador annexes Gal pagos Islands 1839 -Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick 1840 -Housatonic Railroad opens 1848 -Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan 1850 -Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300 1855 -Michigan State University was established. 1861 -State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, AK 1865 -Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps 1870 -Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada 1873 -Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins 1874 -King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US 1876 -Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop 1877 -1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass 1877 -US railroad builders strike against wage reduction 1878 -Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358) 1879 -1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC) 1879 -News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London 1880 -National Croquet League organizes (Phila) 1882 -Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam 1885 -Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society 1886 -2nd British govt of Salisbury forms 1889 -Caesar Francks Symphony in D, premieres 1889 -Henrik Ibsens "Fruen fra Haven," premieres in Oslo 1894 -Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20. 1899 --47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record) 1899 -1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in US begins, MSG, NYC 1901 -Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed 1906 -George Cohans musical "George Washington," premieres in NYC 1908 -Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female 1908 -NY to Paris auto race (via Alaska & Siberia) begins in NYC George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel 1909 -National Assn for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms 1909 -Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop) 1909 -Robert Fowler runs world record marathon (2:46:52.6) 1912 -China adopts Gregorian calendar 1912 -Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates 1914 -In Washington, DC, the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place. 1915 -Cornerstone laid for Lincoln Memorial in Wash DC 1916 -1st edition of Joseph Patterson/Sidney Smith strip "Gumps" 1920 --Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike 1920 -NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission 1921 -Soviet troops invade Georgia (theirs, not ours) 1921 -Winston Churchill becomes British, minister of Colonies 1924 -George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue" premieres at Carnegie Hall (NYC) 1924 -George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback," premieres in NYC 1924 -President Calvin Coolidge makes 1st presidential radio speech 1925 -1st federal arbitration law approved by Congress 1925 -E Thieffry departs with Handley Page for the Belgian Congo 1925 -Estonia forbids communist Party 1926 -Barendrecht soccer team forms 1927 -British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai 1929 -Karst Leemburg wins Dutch 11 cities skate (11:30) 1931 -Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ 1932 -Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees 1933 -German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis 1934 -Export-Import Bank incorporates 1934 -France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists 1934 -The Austrian Civil War begins. 1935 -Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean 1937 -Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise 1938 -Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden 1938 -German troops entered Austria 1941 -Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms, under Ascher/Cohen 1941 -Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome" 1942 -3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany 1943 -General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa 1944 -Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race 1945 -SF selected for site of UN Conference 1946 -World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats. 1947 -Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia 1947 -Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught, C W Stewart, Galapagos Islands 1948 -1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st black in army nursing corps 1949 -"Annie Get Your Gun" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 1147 perfs 1949 -Panic in Quito Ecuador, after "War of the World" played on radio 1949 -Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey 1949 -Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem 1950 -Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb 1950 -Sen Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist govt employees
1953 -USSR breaks relations with Israel 1955 -McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single goes to #1 & stays #1 for 10 weeks 1955 -Pres Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to S Vietnam 1955 -Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazachstan 1955 -WTVY TV channel 4 in Dothan, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting 1956 -Fay Crocker wins LPGA Miami Beach Golf Open 1957 -Researchers announce Borazan (harder than diamonds) been developed 1958 -Celtic Bill Russell grabs 41 rebounds to beat Syracuse 119-101 1958 -Gen Miguel Ydegoras Fuentes elected president of Guatemala 1960 -Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers 1961 -Celtic Bill Russell grabs 40 rebounds to beat Warriors 136-125 1961 -Mickey Wright wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 1961 -Mushtaq Mohammad scores 1st Test Cricket century at 17 yrs 82 days 1961 -USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus 1962 -Bus boycott starts in Macon, Georgia 1963 -Argentina asks extraditon of ex-president Peron 1964 -Beatles 1st NYC concert (Carnegie Hall) 1964 -End of Richie Benaud's 63-Test Cricket career 1964 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming 1964 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Allen 1965 -KHFI (now KBVO) TV channel 42 in Austin, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting 1965 -Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean 1967 -Kees Verkerk becomes world champ all round skater 1967 -Keith Richards, Mick Jagger & Marianne Faithful busted for drugs 1967 -Pirate Radio Free Harlem (NYC) begins transmitting 1970 -Anthony Shaffers "Sleuth," premieres in NYC 1971 -Only Test Cricket for Ken Eastwood, who scored 5 & 0 Aust v England 1973 -1st US POWs in N Vietnam released; 116 of 456 flown to Philippine 1976 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1977 -Toronto Maple Leafs shutout Washington Capitals 10-0 1978 -"Jesus Christ Superstar" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 96 perfs 1978 -Debbie Austin wins LPGA American Cancer Society Golf Classic 1978 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne 1978 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner 1979 -Kosmos 1076, 1st Soviet oceanographic satellite, launched 1980 -"Canterbury Tales" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 16 performances 1980 -NY Islanders 2nd scoreless tie, vs Winnipeg Jets 1980 -Richard Hadlee becomes NZ's top wicket-taker with 117 1981 -Admiral Bobby R Inman, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA 1981 -Arbitrator Goetz declares Red Sox catcher Carlton Fisk a free agent 1981 -Cape Verde amends its constitution 1981 -Pete Squires sets record for 1575 steps of Empire State Bldg, 10m 1982 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1982 -Wayne Gretzky scores 153rd point of season, tieing NHL record 1984 -Alice Miller wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic 1984 -Cale Yarborough, becomes 1st Daytona 500 qualifier, above 200 MPH 1984 -Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean skate "Bolero" at Olympics 1984 -West Indies beat Australia 2-0-1 to win cricket World Series Cup receiving all perfect scores for quality & gold medal 1985 -37th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 6-4 at Calgary 1985 -West Indies beat Australia 2-1 to win cricket World Series Cup 1986 -1st-class cricket debut of Curtly Ambrose, Leeward Is v Guyana 1987 -Survivors of a black man murdered by KKK members awarded $7 M damages 1989 -39th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 143-134 at Houston 1989 -5 Pakistani Moslem rioters killed protesting "Satanic Verses" novel 1989 -50th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Larry Mowry 1989 -Barbara Harris becomes 1st female bishop of a US Episcopal church 1989 -Gretzky sets 2 records, his 45th hat trick & 10th 40+ goal season 1989 -Thursday's Child sets sailing record, NY-Cape Horn-SF, 80 d 20 h 1989 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman 1991 -Iceland recognizes Lithuania's independence 1991 -North & South Korea form a joint team for table tennis competition 1994 -17th Winter Olympic games opens in Lillehammer, Norway 1994 -20th century premiere of 6 restored Haydn-sonatas in Boston 1994 -Edvard Munch's painting "The Scream" stolen (in Oslo) 1994 -Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.90m 1994 -Model Anna Nicole Smith hospitalized for drug overdose 1995 -45th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 139-112 at Phoenix 1995 -Angela Kennedy swims woman's world record 50m butterfly 1995 -Bonnie Blair skates female world record 500m (38.69 sec) 1995 -Dieter Baumann runs European record 3k indoor (7:37.51) 1995 -Jeff Rouse swims world record 50m backstroke (24.37 sec) 1995 -Moses Kiptanui runs world record 3k indoor (7:35.15) 1995 -PRI loses/PAN wins Mexican regional elections 1995 -Sun Cayun pole vaults indoor female world record (4.13m) 1995 -Susan Auch skates female world record 500m (38.94 sec) 1997 -Fred Goldman says he will settle for a signed murder confession from O J Simpson in lieu of his $20.5 million judgement 1998 -"Freak," opens at Cort Theater NYC 1998 -250-car Italy pile-up due to fog, 4 die & 50 hurt 1998 -Dallas Cowboys sign Chan Gailey as their 4th head coach 1998 -Intel unveils its 1st graphics chip i740 1998 -US district judge T Hogan declares line-item veto law unconstitutional 1999 -President Bill Clinton is acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial. 2001 -NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touchdown in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid. 2002 -US Secretary of Energy makes the decision that YuccaMountain is suitable to be the United States' nuclear waste repository. 2002 -An Iran Air Tupolev Tu-154 crashes prior to landing in Khorramabad, Iran, killing 119. 2002 -The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He eventually dies four years later before its conclusion. 2004 -The city of San Francisco, California begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples in response to a directive from Mayor Gavin Newsom. 2006 -A powerful winter storm blankets the Northeastern United States dumping 1 to 2 feet of snow from WashingtonDC up to Boston, Massachusetts. The storm dumped a record 26.9 inches of snow in New York City. 2007 -A gunman opens fire in a mall in Salt Lake City, killing 5 people in the Trolley Square shooting. 2009 -Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashes near Buffalo in the state of New York killing 50 people.