374 -9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet 600 -Pope Gregory the Great decreea saying "God bless You" is the correct response to a sneeze 1249 -Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols. 1486 -Diet of Frankfort 1512 -Battle at Valeggio: French troops beat Venetianen 1559 -Pope Paul IV calls for deposition of sovereigns supporting heresy 1641 -English king Charles I accept Triennial Act 1646 -Battle of Great Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War. 1655 -Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker 1659 -1st known check (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey) 1666 -Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty 1677 -Earl of Shaftesbury arrested/confined in London Tower 1741 -Benjamin Franklin's General Magazine (2nd US Mag) begins publishing 1742 -Earl of Wilmington becomes British premier 1751 -1st publication of Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard" 1760 -Native American hostages killed in Ft Prince George SC 1771 -Messier presents his original list of 45 M-objects to French Academy 1777 -Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice) 1804 -Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor & burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it 1824 -Athenaeum founded 1832 -HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches St-Pauls (1°N, 29°W) 1838 -Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions 1838 -Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus. 1840 -American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica 1846 -Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India 1852 -Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established. 1854 -Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus," premieres 1857 -GallaudetCollege (Natl Deaf Mute college) forms (Wash DC) 1859 -The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch. 1860 -Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse govt resigns 1862 -Ft Donelson captured by Gen Grant (1,400 confederates surrender) 1864 -Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army 1866 -Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War. 1868 -Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY) 1878 -Silver dollar became US legal tender 1880 -American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC) 1883 -"Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing 1887 -1st newspaper convention (Rochester NY) 1887 -Eduard Douwes Dekker writes his last text (Lf8-c5) 1892 -Opera "Werther," premieres in Vienna 1894 -British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast 1899 -Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (Eng v SA Johannesburg) 1899 -President Félix Faure of France dies in office. 1899 -Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland's first football club is founded. 1900 -1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF) 1900 -Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1 1903 --59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record) 1905 -1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston 1909 -1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC) 1909 -Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary 1912 -VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden 1913 -President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico 1914 -1st airplane flight (LA to SF) 1915 -Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season 1916 -Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia 1917 -1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid 1918 -Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day) 1923 -Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory 1923 -Howard Carter finds Pharoah Tutankhamen 1923 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard 1923 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger 1926 -Suzanne Lenglen defeats Helen Wills in Tennis at Cannes France 1927 -Noel Coward's "Marquise," premieres in London 1927 -US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey 1929 -KID-AM in Idaho Falls ID begins radio transmissions 1931 -Extreme right wing Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland 1932 -1st patent issued for a tree, to James Markham for a peach tree 1933 -Catholic newspaper Germania warns against nazis/communists 1933 -England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics 1934 -Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund. 1934 -Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland. 1936 -4th Winter Olympic games close at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany 1936 -Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections 1937 -DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers 1937 -Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris 1938 -US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized 1940 -British search plane finds German Altmark off Norway 1942 -German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery 1943 --32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record) 1943 -British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia 1943 -Red army conquers Kharkov 1943 -Withdrawing Africa Corps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa 1943 -Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22 1943 -World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov. 1945 -US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3 1945 -Venezuela declares war on nazi-Germany 1946 -"Duchess Misbehaves" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 perfs 1946 -1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct 1947 -Morton Gould's 3rd Symphony, premieres 1948 -1st newsreel telecast, "20th Century Fox-Movietone News" shown on NBC 1948 -Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time 1950 -Longest-running prime-time game show, "What's My Line" begins on CBS 1950 -Writers fail to elect anyone to Baseball's Hall of Fame 1951 -NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing 1951 -SF City Hall dome fire 1952 -Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, 77, retires; Pirates retire his #33 1952 -Ian Craig makes NSW cricket debut aged 16 years 249 days (NSW record) 1954 -WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting 1956 -Britain abolishes death penalty 1957 -The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television closedown between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom.
1958 -Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 1959 -Fidel Castro named himself Cuba's premier after overthrowing Batista 1959 -Leonard Spigelgass' "Majority of One," premieres in NYC 1960 -US nuclear submarine USS Triton set off on underwater round-world trip 1961 -1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va 1961 -China uses it's 1st nuclear reactor 1961 -US satellite Explorer 9 is launched 1962 -Darius Milhaud's 12th Symphony, premieres 1962 -US Open Tennis: Jimmy Bostwick defeats brother Pete to win 1963 -1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US) 1963 -Beatles top British rock charts with "Please, Please Me" 1963 -C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down 1964 -"Foxy" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances 1964 -Beatles' 2nd appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show" 1965 -"Baker Street" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 313 performances 1965 -Pegasus 1 launched to detect micro-meteors 1966 -Bob Cowper makes 307 v England at the MCG, 727 mins, 20 fours 1966 -End of Wally Grout's Test Cricket career, 187 dismissals as Aust WK 1966 -France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria 1967 -Red Ruffing selected to Hall of Fame 1968 -Country's 1st 911 phone system went into service in Haleyville, Ala 1968 -Elvis Presley receives gold record for "How Great Thou Art" 1968 -Beatles George Harrison & John Lennon & wives fly to India for transcendental meditation study with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi 1970 -Joe Frazier TKOs Jimmy Ellis in 5 for heavyweight boxing title 1972 -1st NBA to score 30,000 points (Wilt Chamberlain in 940 games) 1972 -German mass murderers "Three of Breda" freed 1972 -Test Cricket debut of Lawrence Rowe WI v NZ Kingston, 214 & 100 1972 -Wilt Chamberlain hit 30,000 point mark during a game with Phoenix Suns 1973 -WI v Australia at Kingston, 1st time since 1955 without Sobers 1975 -Washington Capitals 1st NHL shutout, beating KC Scouts 3-0 1977 -USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR 1978 -1st Computer Bulletin Board System (Ward & Randy's CBBS, Chicago) 1979 -George Harrison releases "Blow Away" 1979 -USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1980 -Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France 1980 -Eric Heiden skates 5k in 7:02.29 (Olympic Record) 1982 -Agatha Barbara elected as 1st female president of Malta 1982 -Assembled STS-3 vehicle moves from Vandenberg AFB to launch pad 1982 -Lee Majors & Farrah Fawcett Majors divorce 1983 -The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claim the lives of 75 people in Australia's worst ever fires. 1984 -Bill Johnson becomes 1st American to win Olympic downhill skiing gold 1984 -NJ Devils 1st OT goal, Jan Ludvig beats Hartford Whalers 6-5 1985 -Largest NBA crowd to date, 43,816, sees Phila at Detroit 1985 -Livingston Bramble defeats Ray "Boom Boom" Mancini to win WBA champ 1985 -NJ Devils score their fastest hat trick in 42 seconds 1985 -The founding of Hezbollah. 1986 -"Uptown... It's Hot!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 24 perfs 1986 -French air force bombs Ouadi Doum airport in Chad 1986 -Hein Vergeer becomes world champion skater 1986 -Karlstad skates world record 10 km (14:12.14) 1986 -Mario Soares (Socialist) elected Portugal's 1st civilian pres 1987 -John Demjanjuk, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible" trial begins 1988 -1st documented combat action by US military advisors in El Salvador 1989 -Egypt, Iraq, Jordan & North Yemen form common market 1989 -Jane Fonda & Tom Hayden separate after 16 years of marriage 1989 -Orel Hershiser, Dodger pitcher signs $7.9M-3 year contract 1989 -Roger Clemens, Red Sox pitcher signs $7.5M-3 year contract 1989 -William Hayden becomes governor-general of Australia 1991 -Dutch PPR, Political Party Radicals, disbands 1991 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Tonya Harding 1992 -Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue 1992 -LA Lakers retire Magic Johnson's #32 uniform 1993 -Sandra V"lker swims world record 50m backstroke (28.33 sec) 1993 -Western Australia's and Australia's first woman Premier, Carmen Lawrence, is voted out of office. 1994 -6.5 earthquake strikes SE Sumatra, kills 200 1994 -Johann Olav Koss skates world record 1500m (1:51.29) 1994 -Premier Alfonso Bustamente ends govt in Peru 1996 -Gary Kirsten scores 188* for S Africa v UAE at Rawalpindi 1997 -At age 25, Jeff Gordon is youngest winner in Daytona 500 history 1997 -GTE Suncoast Senior Golf Classic 1997 -Paul Stankowski wins Hawaiian Golf Open 1997 -Terry-Jo Myers wins LPGA Los Angeles Women's Championship 1998 -Tellabs Inc acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million 1999 -O.J. Simpson's 1968 Heisman Trophy is sold for $230,000 to help settle a $33.5 million civil judgement against Simpson for the deaths of his ex-wife and her friend 1999 -Across Europe, Kurdish rebels take over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan. 2003 -Michael Waltrip wins motor racing's Daytona 500 after rain stops the race for a second time at lap 109 2004 -The Pittsburgh Penguins lose their 12th consecutive home game, a NHL record 2005 -2004-05 NHL season is canceled by league commissioner Gary Bettman. This was the first time that a North American professional sports league had to cancel a season due to a labor dispute 2005 -The Kyoto Protocol comes into force, following its ratification by Russia. 2006 -The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) is decommissioned by the United States Army.