660 BC -Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu 55 -Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor. 385 -Oldest Pope elected; Siricius-bishop of Tarragona 824 -St Paschal I ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1531 -Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England 1543 -Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian/Portugese troops beat Moslem army 1543 -Karel/Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant 1573 -1st European, Francis Drake sees the Pacific (from Panama) 1575 -King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe 1638 -Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode 1659 -The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses. 1720 -Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) 1752 -Pennsylvania Hospital, the 1st hospital in the US, opened 1766 -Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia 1768 -Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes 1790 -Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery 1793 -Prussian troops occupy Venlo Neth 1794 -1st session of US Senate open to the public 1808 -Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa 1809 -Robert Fulton patents steamboat 1810 -Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria 1811 -Pres Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years 1812 -Mass Gov Gerry signs a redistricting bill-1st "gerrymander" 1812 -Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry gerrymanders for the first time. 1814 -Norway's independence proclaimed 1826 -London University founded 1837 -American Physiological Society organizes in Boston 1840 -Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment," premieres in Paris 1843 -Opera "I Lombardi," premieres in Milan 1851 -1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston 1852 -1st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London) 1854 -Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time 1855 -Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam. 1858 -1st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France 1861 -President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Wash DC 1861 -US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state 1873 -Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I 1878 -1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms 1878 -1st weekly Weather report published in UK 1889 -Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890 1895 --17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record) 1895 -Georgetown became part of Wash DC 1896 -Oscar Wildes "Salome," premieres in Paris 1897 -White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC 1898 -Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named minister to Liberia 1899 --15°F (-26°C), Washington, DC (district record) 1899 --61°F, Montana (record low temperature) 1902 -Police beats up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels 1903 -Anton Bruckner's 9th Symfonie premieres in Vienna 1905 -James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands 1905 -Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos 1907 -De Master's Dutch govt resigns 1907 -Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, 322 die 1908 -Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory vs England 1908 -Heemskerk's govt begins in Holland 1916 -Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert 1916 -Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control 1919 -Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected president of Germany 1921 -Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC 1922 -"April Showers" by Al Jolson hits #1 1922 -US intervention army leaves Honduras 1926 -Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ 1927 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran 1927 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles 1928 -2nd Winter Olympic games opens in St Moritz, Switzerland 1929 -Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo," premieres in NYC 1929 -Vatican City (world's smallest country) made an enclave of Rome 1932 -73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February 1935 --11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low) 1935 -1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY 1936 -Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in SF Bay 1937 -44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends 1938 -Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to become wrestling champ 1941 -1st Gold record presented (Glenn Miller-Chattanooga Choo Choo) 1941 -Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli 1941 -Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments 1942 -"Archie" comic book debuts 1943 -General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe 1943 -Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 1944 -German troops reconquer Aprilia Italy 1944 -U-424 sunk off Ireland 1945 -1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA 1945 -Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin 1948 -Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut Eng v WI, out for 140 1948 -John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland 1948 -Test Cricket debut of Frank Worrell, v England Port-of-Spain 1949 -Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title 1950 -"Rag Mop" by The Ames Brothers hit #1 1951 -Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election on Gold coast (Ghana) 1953 -"Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances 1953 -J Styne/B Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg," premieres in NYC 1953 -Pres Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple 1953 -Russia breaks diplomatic relations with Israel 1954 -6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor & Eve Arden wins 1957 -KUMV TV channel 8 in Williston, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting 1957 -NHL Players Assn forms (NYC), Red Wings' Ted Lindsay elected president 1958 -1st flight with black stewardess, RC Taylor, Ithaca NY 1958 -Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Min of Foreign affairs 1958 -Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st Afr-American woman hired as flight attendant 1958 -WTVC TV channel 9 in Chattanooga, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 -Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi) 1960 -Jack Paar walks off his TV show 1961 -Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black 1961 -Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem 1962 -Beatles record "Please, Please Me" 1963 -Beatles tape 10 tracks for their 1st album 1963 -CIA Domestic Operations Division created (pretty scary!) 1963 -Julia Child's show The French Chef premieres. 1964 -Beatles 1st live appearance in US; Washington DC Coliseum 1964 -Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus 1964 -Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France 1965 -Beatle Ringo Starr marries Maureen Cox 1965 -Braves propose to pay 5 cents from each ticket to bring a new team to Milwaukee 1966 -SF Giant Willie Mays signs highest contract, $130,000 per year 1968 -Israeli-Jordan border fight 1968 -Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Wash Bridge, Hudson River NY 1968 -Madison Square Garden III closes MSG IV opens (NYC) 1969 -Diana Crump becomes 1st US woman jockey to ride against men, Hialelah 1969 -Dorey Funk Jr beats Gene Kiniski in Tampa, to become NWA champ 1970 -26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec) 1970 -Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit 1970 -John Lennon pays £1,344 fines for 96 protesting South African rugby team playing in Scotland 1971 -Montreal Canadien John Believau scores his 500th NHL goal 1971 -US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons 1973 -1st one-day international for Pakistan & NZ 1973 -1st sub 17-min 1,500m female free style swim (Shane Gould 16m56.9s) 1973 -Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Naples-Lely Golf Classic 1973 -Philadelphia 76ers lose their 20th NBA game in a row 1974 -Dick Woodson is 1st of 48 to invoke baseball's new arbitration rule 1974 -Titan-Centaur Test launch fails 1974 -1st baseball arbitration Twins pitcher Dick Woodson seeking $29,000 wins, Twins offered $23,000 1975 -Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for Conservative leadership 1976 -Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st black secretary of Army 1977 -20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean) 1978 -16 Unification church couples wed in NYC 1978 -25th hat trick in Islander history-Denis Potvin 1978 -China lifts a ban on Aristotle, Shakespeare, & Dickens 1978 -EOKA organization disbands in Cyprus 1979 -"They're Playing Our Song" opens at Imperial NYC for 1082 perfs 1979 -43 million watch "Elvis!" on ABC 1979 -Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation 1979 -Iran's premier Bakhtiar resigns, Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power 1979 -Musical "They're Playing Our Song," premieres in NYC 1981 -Australia all out 83 v India at MCG chasing 143 to win 1981 -Polish premier Jozef Pinkowski replaced by Wojciech Jaruzelski 1982 -Ozzie Smith for Garry Templeton trade finally goes through 1983 -"Weird Al" Yankovic records "Ricky" & "Buckingham Blues" debut LP 1983 -4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18"(46 cm)) 1984 -10th space shuttle mission (41-B)-Challenger 4-returns to Earth 1984 -Wayne Gretzky sets NHL short handed season scoring record at 11 1985 -Jordan king Hussein & PLO leader Arafat sign accord 1985 -Kent Hrbek signs 5-year, $6 million contract with Minn Twins 1985 -Wasim Akram takes 10 wickets in his 2nd Test Cricket, NZ still wins 1986 -Activist Anatoly Scharansky released by USSR, leaves country 1986 -Australia beat India 2-0 to win the World Series Cup 1986 -Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq 1987 -British Airways begins trading stocks 1987 -England beat Australia 2-0 to win the World Series Cup 1987 -Philippines constitution goes into effect 1987 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1988 -Anthony M Kennedy appointed to Supreme Court 1989 -Barbara Clementine Harris consecrated 1st female bishop (Episcopalian) 1989 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary 1990 -40th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 130-113 at Miami 1990 -James "Buster" Douglas KOs Mike Tyson to win heavyweight boxing crown 1990 -Nelson Mandela (political prisoner-27 years) freed in South Africa 1990 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge 1991 -UNPO, Unrepresented Nations & People Org forms in Hague Neth 1992 -F-16 jet crashes at residential district of Hengelo Neth (No deaths) 1992 -Michael Johnson runs indoor world record 400m (44.97 sec) 1993 -Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Rochester NY (WRQI) 1993 -Irina Privalova runs world record 60m indoor (6.92 secs) 1993 -Janet Reno selected by Clinton as US Attorney General 1994 -Lu Parker, (South Carolina), crowned 43rd Miss USA 1994 -Space shuttle STS-60 (Discovery 18), lands 1995 -Danyon Loader swims world record 400m freestyle (340.46) 1995 -Mark Foster swims world record 50m butterfly (23.55 sec) 1995 -Sandra Volker swims European record 50m backstroke (27.67 sec) 1995 -Space shuttle STS-63 (Discovery 19), lands 1995 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge 1995 -West Indies score 5-660 against NZ 1996 -46th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 129-118 at San Antonio 1997 -Bill Parcells becomes head coach of NY Jets 1997 -STS 82 (Discovery 22) launches 1998 -KVBC-FM (Las Vegas) offers Monica Lewinsky $5M for interview 1998 -Lyrics to "Candle in the Wind 1997," auctioned for $442,500 2007 -In Portugal, a national referendum legalizes non-therapeutic abortion when requested by the woman during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. 2008 -In East Timor, assassination attempts were made on Xanana Gusmao and Jose Ramos-Horta. Both failed.