842 -Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty 1009 -First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. 1014 -Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German emperor 1076 -Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV 1130 -Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II 1540 -Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels 1556 -Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic 1610 -Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against czar Vasili Shushki 1613 -King James I's daughter Elizabeth marries Frederik 1630 -Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco Brazil 1670 -Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna 1689 -English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince Willem III on the throne 1711 -Handel's opera Rinaldo, premieres 1743 -Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister. 1746 -Henry Pelham appointed English premier 1766 -Dutch governor Falck signs Treaty of Batticaloa with rebels 1778 -"Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France) 1794 -1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila 1803 -Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn 1803 -Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void. 1804 -Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire. 1831 -Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay. 1848 -James K Polk became 1st pres photographed in office (Matthew Brady) 1849 -In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken. 1855 -Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas. 1859 -Oregon admitted as 33rd state 1862 -Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Conn 1867 -Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy 1867 -Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia) 1872 -1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA) 1876 -A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor 1879 -Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta 1883 -1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions 1887 -Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000 1889 -1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east 1890 -1st NSW v South Australia 1st-class cricket game 1894 -Venus is both a morning star & evening star 1895 -Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London 1896 -George Lohmann takes a hat-trick v S Africa, 8-7 for inning 1896 -South Africa all out for 30 v England - their lowest ever 1896 -Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0 1896 -Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat" 1899 -US Congress begins using voting machines 1900 -Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock" 1900 -Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country. 1903 -US Dept of Commerce & Labor forms 1907 -1st US fox hound association forms in NYC 1912 -1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct 1912 -Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state 1914 -High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands 1918 -H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in NYC 1918 -USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1) 1919 -United Parcel Service forms 1919 -The Polish-Soviet War begins. 1920 -League of Women Voters forms in Chicago 1921 -Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized 1921 -Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," NY 1924 -IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson 1925 -State of emergency crisis in Bayern ends, NSDAP re-allowed 1929 -St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed 1931 -Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives 1931 -Spanish Govt of General Damasco Berenguer falls 1932 -S Africa all out for 36 in 1st innings v Aust (Ironmonger 5-6) 1934 -NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto 1936 -National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago 1936 -US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson 1936 -US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee 1939 -Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind 1940 -British merchant vessel fleet is armed 1941 -1,000,000th vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel 1941 -Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published 1941 -Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street 1941 -German Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya 1942 -Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang Sumatra 1942 -Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens 1942 -Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore. 1943 -German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia 1943 -Soviets recapture Rostov 1943 -World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated. 1944 -Anti-Japanese revolt on Java 1944 -Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing 1945 -8th Air Force bombs Dresden 1945 -Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN 1945 -World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden. 1945 -World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans. 1946 -Bank of England nationalized 1949 -1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel) 1949 -Dutch Drees govt presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses 1950 -Moroney scores cricket twin centuries for Australia at Johannesburg 1950 -USSR & China sign peace treaty 1951 -Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta & takes middleweight title 1952 -6th Olympic winter games open at Oslo, Norway 1952 -Comedian Joey Adams marries gossip columnist Cindy Heller 1954 -Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 1954 -Sen John Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press" 1954 -WTOC TV channel 11 in Savannah, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting 1955 -WFLA (now WXFL) TV channel 8 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (NBC) begins 1956 -20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow 1956 -Indonesia withdraws from Neth Indonesian Union 1956 -Verhoeven/Nauta/De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
1957 -Georgia Senate unanimously approves Sen Leon Butts' bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites 1958 -Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms 1959 -$3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC 1960 -Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 1960 -Marshal Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan 1961 -Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif 1961 -Louise Suggs wins LPGA Royal Poinciana Golf Invitational 1962 -1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV 1963 -US launches communications satellite Syncom 1 1966 -Australia introduces 1st decimal currency postage stamps 1966 -Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points 1966 -Writers Andrei Sinjavski & Joeij Daniel found guilty 1966 -Australian currency is decimalised. 1967 -Aretha Franklin records "Respect" 1967 -Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up 1968 -Pennsylvania Railroad/NYC Central merge into Penn Central 1968 -WHKY TV channel 14 in Hickory, NC (IND) begins broadcasting 1970 -"Gantry" closes at George Abbott Theater NYC after 1 performance 1971 -Movie "Ben Hur" 1st shown on television 1971 -Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House 1972 -John & Yoko co-host "Mike Douglas Show" for entire week 1972 -Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit & soft landing on Moon 1975 -Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station 1976 -US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 1978 -1st "micro on a chip" patented by Texas Instruments 1978 -In girls' HS basketball, Chicago Latin beats Harvard St George 1979 -"Whoopee!" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 204 performances 1979 -In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police. 1980 -"West Side Story" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 341 performances 1980 -13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY 1980 -US launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares 1981 -Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people 1982 -"Night of 100 Stars" takes place at NY's Radio City Music Hall 1982 -Hollis Stacy wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic 1984 -Singer Elton John marries Renate Blauel in Sydney Australia 1985 -Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut 1987 -53,745 largest NBA crowd to date-Phila at Detroit 1988 -49th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player 1988 -Alfredo Stroessner re-elected president of Paraguay 1988 -Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500 1988 -General hospital star Jackie Zeman marries Glenn Gorden 1988 -Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic 1989 -African National Congress (ANC) opens office in Amsterdam 1989 -Boxer Mike Tyson divorces actress Robin Givens 1989 -Khomeini orders Moslems to murder "Satanic Verses" novelist Rushdie 1989 -Robin Givens is granted a divorce from Mike Tyson in Dom Rep 1989 -Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 mill damages for Bhopol disaster 1989 -World's 1st satellite Skyphone opens 1989 -The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit. 1990 -Alan Ayckbourn's "Man of the Moment," premieres in London 1990 -Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some 1990 -Space probe Voyager 1 takes photograph of entire solar system 1991 -"Mule Bone" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 67 performances 1991 -NL Cy Young winner Doug Drabek wins record $3 mil salary arbitration 1992 -Andre Cason runs world record 6 m indoor (6.41 sec) 1992 -Cease fire in Somalia begins 1992 -Kieren John Perkins swims world record 800m freestyle (7:46.60) 1992 -Merlene Ottey runs world record 60m indoor (6.96 sec) 1993 -Fire in Linxi department store in Tangshan China, kills 79 1994 -Alexander Golubev skates Olympic record 500m (36.33) 1994 -Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia (51) weds Deborah Koons 1994 -Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting. 1995 -Roseanne weds bodyguard Ben Thomas 1995 -Wellington 2-498d & 4-475 beat Canterbury 496 & 2-476d 1998 -Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing. 2000 -The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid. 2002 -The Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board. 2004 -In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others. 2005 -Lebanon's former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos. 2005 -Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, DavaoCity, and GeneralSantosCity. 2008 -Northern IllinoisUniversity shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured.